Australian Institute of Marine Science – Surveys of Octocoral communities, benthic cover and environmental factors on coral reefs of Milne Bay, Papua New GuineaEntry ID: AIMS_Octocorals_PNG
Abstract: All surveys were carried out by the principal researcher using Rapid Ecological Assessment.
On each reef 1-3 sites were surveyed with up to 5 transects (usually 200-300m long, 1-3m wide for 10-15 minutes) per site at pre-defined depths (1-3m, 3-8m, 8-13m, 13-18m and reef flat).
Species recorded: octocorals (soft corals, gorgonians, sea fans, sea whips, sea pens, leather corals, arborescent ... octocorals, blue coral, stoloniferans), black and wire coral. Note that species are mostly at generic level. Octocoral genera (in some cases species) were given a taxon abundance ranking (0=absent, 1=rare, 2=uncommon, 3=common, 4=abundant, 5=dominant).
Site locations: Alotau Clubhouse, Barbara Reef, Double Tower, Lauwadi, Manta Station, Michelles, Observation Points (off Pier, off Village, off Volcano Lake), Pinnacle, Sulloviens patch, Wahoo Reef.
Purpose: to survey the cover of the main benthic groups, richness and abundance of octocorals in the reefs of Papua New Guinea and related spatial and water quality gradients.
Additional information was collected during the surveys recording - site variables, visual estimates of abundance for other groups besides octocorlas, zooxanthellate richness. This data is not included in the dataset served to ... OBIS.
Comparable data are held for the Great Barrier Reef, Hong Kong, Palau, Torres Strait, and Rowley Shoals (WA).
To determine spatial patterns and abiotic controls of soft coral biodiversity: allowing examination of relationships of reef location (in-shore, mid-shelf and off-shore), environmental conditions and depth to taxonomic composition and richness.
Because roughly half Octocorals have photosynthetic symbionts they are ideal to assess how biodiversity is related to spatial and environmental factors, and photosynthetic symbionts and energy supply.
To examine principal drivers of biodiversity, community composition, and ranges of coral reef benthos.
Total Distribution Records: 357
Total Number of Taxa: 16 families, 40 genera, 5 species
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: K. Fabricius
Dataset Title: Australian Institute of Marine Science – Surveys of Octocoral communities, benthic cover and environmental factors on coral reefs of Milne Bay, Papua New Guinea
Dataset Release Date: 2002
Dataset Release Place: Australia
Dataset Publisher: OBIS Australia
Start Date: 2002-11-25Stop Date: 2002-12-04
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Phone: +61 7 4753 4412
Email: k.fabricius at aims.gov.au
Australian Institute of Marine Science, PMB No.3
Province or State: QLD
Postal Code: 4810
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 7 4753 4419
Email: g.ericson at aims.gov.au
Province or State: Queensland
Postal Code: 4810
Soft Corals and Sea Fans(2001) Fabricius and Alderslade
From published data and collections available in research centres.
van Oppen MJH, Mieog JC, Sanchez C and Fabricius KE (2005) Diversity of algal endosymbionts (zooxanthellae) in octocorals from three oceans: the roles of geography and host relationships. Molecular Ecology 14: 2403-2417.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-07-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-03-11