Canada Maritimes Regional Cetacean Sightings (OBIS Canada)Entry ID: obis.marwhale
Abstract: This is an OBIS formatted version of the Canadian government's Department of Fisheries and Oceans Maritimes Region database for visual sightings of cetaceans (e.g. whales, dolphins and porpoises) and other large pelagic animals (e.g. fish and turtles) mostly from the Scotian Shelf/Bay of Fundy portions of Canada's east coast. The collectors of these sightings are diverse (e.g. NGO researchers, ... fisheries observers, private consultants, etc...), mostly on-board ship and mostly collected since the late 1990s.
The horizontal resolution of the data (e.g. distance between sightings) varies by a vast amount - just metres in some areas like the Bay of Fundy, and tens to thousands of kilometers elsewhere, like off northern Labrador. A small portion of the database (e.g. DFO Survey) are standardized marine mammal survey data, where a line transect sightings survey is conducted and sightings effort is logged. Only these survey data allow for the calculation of Sightings Per Unit Effort and the use of Distance Sampling methods, leading to a statistically-based, unbiased abundance estimate.
The design and structure of the main project database is consistent with other DFO database and with University of Rhode Island (URI) whale sightings database. Departures from the URI standard (mainly species and gear codes) are easily translated by users of either database.
This database is a compilation of a number of datasets, most of the data being gathered opportunistically. More detailed information on the individual sightings, human interactions and animal behaviour are available from this database.
Purpose: These data are for display on the OBIS portal and associated mapping programs and for download to personal computers for ad-hoc end-user analysis.
OBIS Schema concepts implemented in this particular data set are:
RES_NAME, DATELASTMODIFIED, INSTITUTIONCODE, COLLECTIONCODE, BASISOFRECORD, KINGDOM, GENUS, SPECIES, COLLECTOR, YEARCOLLECTED, MONTHCOLLECTED, DAYCOLLECTED, TIMEOFDAY, TIMEZONE, JULIANDAY, LONGITUDE, LATITUDE, CATALOGNUMBER, SCIENTIFICNAME, SCIENTIFICNAMEAUTHOR, OBSERVEDINDIVIDUALCOUNT, PHYLUM, CLASS, ORDER, FAMILY,
NOTES (TSN: value;SEASTATE: value; VISIBILITY: value; event_comments)
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: K. Smedbol, J. Gale, L. Bajona
Dataset Title: Canada Maritimes Regional Cetacean Sightings
Dataset Series Name: Fisheries and Oceans, Canada - Digital Collections, OBIS Canada
Dataset Release Date: 2005
Dataset Release Place: Dartmouth, Nova Scotia
Dataset Publisher: OBIS Canada
Data Presentation Form: Digital
Other Citation Details: Originating database created/maintained at St. Andrews Biological Station, New Brunswick
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
Start Date: 1966-01-01
Quality see Summary
Access Constraints None.
Use Constraints Acknowledge the use of specific records from contributing databases in the form appearing in the 'Citation' field thereof (if any); and acknowledge the use of the OBIS facility (see http://www.iobis.org/about/citation).
For information purposes, email to firstname.lastname@example.org the full citation of any publication made (printed or electronic) that cites OBIS or any constituent part.
Recognize the limitations of data in OBIS (see http://www.iobis.org/data/policy/disclaimer).
Distribution Media: Electronic, Online Internet (HTTP)
Distribution Format: OBIS Schema - HTML, TXT, ACON Map (Excel & shapefile)
Email: Lei.Harris at dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Biological Station, 531 Brandy Cove Road
City: St. Andrews
Province or State: New Brunswick
Postal Code: E5B 2L9
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: lenore.bajona at dal.ca
Ocean Tracking Network, Dalhousie University
Province or State: Nova Scotia
North Atlantic Right Whale Catalog: New England Aquarium
Allied Whale, College of Atlantic: Research link to catalogs for Finback and Humpback whales http://www.coa.edu/html/alliedwhale.htm
Mingan Island Cetacean Society: Blue Whale Research and Identification
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-12-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-03-11