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Canadian Snow Data...
Entry ID: Canada_CCIN_Snow

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Summary
Abstract: The Canadian Daily Snow Depth Database consists of daily ruler measurements of
snow depth taken by Meteorological Service of Canada observers and archived as
daily element 013 in the National Climate Data Archive. The depth data also
include a substantial number of daily and weekly snow depth observations
rescued from paper records as part of a CRYSYS-sponsored data rescue project.
The depth data extend from the late 1800's to early 1996 in the database,
although most of the data are in the period after 1950. A detailed quality
control procedure was applied to flag suspicious values and fill missing data.
The data were written in a direct access database which includes all the data
available at the time the project was completed in 1997 (data from some
stations go to the end of April 1996, but most data end in December 1995).
Daily snow depth data from the National Climate Data Archive have been included
on the CD-ROM for the 1996-1999 period to provide users with the capability of
updating information to the end of the 1998/1999 snow season. These additional
data have only been subject to MSC standard quality control checks. The
Canadian Snow Water Equivalent Database contains snow water equivalent (SWE)
and snow depth measurements from snow surveys taken by more than twenty
agencies at weekly, biweekly or monthly frequencies. It also contains biweekly
SWE estimates at Meteorological Service of Canada snow depth observing
stations. The data cover the period from the mid-1950s to the mid-1990s, with a
pronounced peak in the 1976-1985 decade. After 1985 there was a steep decline
in the amount of data due to closure of snow courses and an erosion of contacts
between MSC and other data collection agencies. At peak levels in the early
1980s, there were over 1700 snow course observations per year in the database.
This number declined to around 800 per year in the early 1990s. In many cases,
updates to the snow course data contained in this CD-ROM can can be readily
obtained from the various provincial agencies involved in taking snow surveys.
Links to these organizations are provided in the contract report for the Snow
Water Equivalent Database. The CD-ROM is mainly intended as a data archive and
extensive data extraction and analysis tools are not provided. The CD-ROM does
contains some sample FORTRAN 77 software for data summary and extraction. All
software is provided uncompiled and may have to be modified to operate on
different platforms. The code was originally written for a PC-DOS system using
a Microsoft FORTRAN Powerstation 4.0 compiler. Complete CD-ROM documentation
including descriptions of data sources, data-modeling techniques, quality
control, sample products, filenames, file locations and file formats is located
in contract reports prepared by Robert Braaten for MSC.

There are currently no plans to provide regular updates to this CD-ROM. This
CD-ROM is dedicated to the field staff who participated in the collection of
these data, and to the managers who understood the importance of sharing data.
Hopefully this data compilation will do justice to these individuals and will
prove to be useful in furthering understanding of snow cover in Canada.This
CD-ROM was created by the Climate Processes and Earth Observation Division,
Climate Research Branch, Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC) with the
objective of making Canadian snow data more readily available to the user
community. The CD-ROM contains the Canadian Daily Snow Depth Database and the
Canadian Snow Water Equivalent Database, as well as a bonus publication "A
Guide for Ground Based Measurement of the Arctic Snow Cover"
(http://ccin.uwaterloo.ca/htdocs/snowcover/DOCUMNTS/WOO.PDF) by Dr. Ming-ko Woo
(November, 1997).
Spatial Data Organization Information -

Indirect Spatial Reference:
Direct Spatial Reference: Point
Raster Object Type:
Row Count:
Column Count:
Vertical Count:
Spatial Reference Information -
Horizontal Coordinate System Definition -

Planar -

Planar Coordinate Encoding Method:
Coordinate Representation:
Abscissa Resolution:
Ordinate Resolution:
Distance and Bearing Representation:
Distance Resolution:
Bearing Resolution:
Bearing Units:
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Bearing Reference Meridian:
Planar Distance Units:

Geodetic Model:
Horizontal Datum Name:
Ellipsoid Name:
Semi-major Axis:
Denominator of Flattening Ratio:

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: GeoConnections Discovery Portal. Canada's IDN Node.


Link: GET DATA


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION


Geographic Coverage
 N: 84.0 S: 41.5  E: -52.0  W: -141.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Cryospheric System in Canada (CRYSYS)
Dataset Title: Canadian Snow Data
Dataset Release Date: 19990101
Online Resource: http://www.ccin.ca/cms/en/home.aspx


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1955-01-01
Stop Date: 1999-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > ALBERTA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > BRITISH COLUMBIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > MANITOBA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEW BRUNSWICK
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NOVA SCOTIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > ONTARIO
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > QUEBEC
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > SASKATCHEWAN
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > YUKON TERRITORY
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NUNAVUT
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > WESTERN HEMISPHERE


Science Keywords
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW COVER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
Free for RESEARCH PURPOSES ONLY. Commercial users can purchase the CD for
$200.00 from the Meteorological Service of Canada, Climate Services, in
Downsview, Ontario.


Keywords
GCMD
CANADIAN DAILY SNOW DEPTH
CANADIAN ESTIMATED SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT
CANADIAN GRIDDED MEAN SNOW DENSITY
CANADIAN MONTHLY SNOW DEPTH NORMALS 1961-90
CANADIAN MONTHLY SNOW DEPTH STATISTICS
CANADIAN OBSERVED SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT
CANADIAN SNOW COVER
CRYOSPHERE
CRYOSPHERIC


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Canadian Cryospheric Information Network    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ccin.ca/cms/en/home.aspx

Data Center Personnel
Name: ROSS D. BROWN
Phone: 514-282-6464 ext. 335
Fax: 514-282-713
Email: ross.brown at ec.gc.ca
Contact Address:
Environment Canada @ Ouranos
550 Sherbrooke St. West, 19th Floor
City: Montreal
Province or State: QC
Postal Code: H3A 1B9
Country: Canada



Distribution
Fees: Commercial users can purchase the CD for $200.00

Fees: Free for RESEARCH PURPOSES ONLY.


Personnel
MARCIN POLANSKI
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +01-519-888-4567 ext. 7572
Fax: +01-519-888-6768
Email: mpolansk at watleo.uwaterloo.ca
Contact Address:
Canadian Cryospheric Information Network (CCIN)
Department of Geography
University of Waterloo
200 University Avenue West
City: Waterloo
Province or State: ON
Postal Code: N2L 3G1
Country: Canada


MARCIN POLANSKI
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +01-519-888-4567 ext. 7572
Fax: +01-519-888-6768
Email: mpolansk at watleo.uwaterloo.ca
Contact Address:
Canadian Cryospheric Information Network (CCIN)
Department of Geography
University of Waterloo
200 University Avenue West
City: Waterloo
Province or State: ON
Postal Code: N2L 3G1
Country: Canada



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2002-11-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27
Future DIF Review Date: 2005-08-28



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