Daily, Monthly, Seasonal, and Annual Surface Weather Data Including Winds, Rainfall, and Temperature for Jamaica (1655-1951)
Entry ID: NCL00252253254255257261263264

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Summary
Abstract: The Kingston, Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Diurnal Variation of Rainfall
As Observed at Kingston, Jamaica, 1908-1919' (C/hc40 B83 41518). In these
summaries, definitions are:

1. Hourly/daily/monthly/seasonal/annual data -- values determined for
each consecutive period, e.g. monthly temperature data: Jan 1900, Feb
1900, etc.

2. Long-term data -- values determined over a period of years, e.g.
long-term monthly temperature data using Jan 1901, Jan 1902, etc.

This book contains tables and a graph of monthly and annual precipitation data
for Kingston, Jamaica from 1908-1919. One table of surface winds associated
with precipitation for the same period is also included. Tables contain the
following data: monthly total rainfall; annual total precipitation; annual
(given hour) total precipitation and frequency of precipitation; long-term
monthly mean total rainfall; long-term monthly (given hour) total rainfall;
long-term annual mean precipitation; long-term annual mean (given hour)
precipitation and frequency of precipitation; and long-term annual mean (given
hour) frequency of wind direction associated with rainfall (1' and over in 24
hours). The graph is a continuous hourly trace of rainfall determined over the
12-year period.

Kingston and Blue Mountain Peak data resides in 1 book, 'Observations Made on
the Blue Mountain Peak' (C/hc40 H178 P2751). In these summaries, definitions
are as in the above. This book contains hourly, daily, and annual surface
weather data from Kingston and Blue Mountain Peak, Jamaica and points in
between for the years 1885 and 1886. Daily and hourly observations are
confined to November 16,17, and 18, 1886. Tables contain the following data:
hourly pressure, temperature, and dew point; daily mean pressure, temperature,
and dew point; annual mean pressure and temperature at different altitudes;
annual mean maximum and minimum temperature at different altitudes; and annual
mean range of temperature at different altitudes

Additional Kingston data resides in 1 book, 'Jamaica Meteorological Service:
Meteorological Results of Barometer Pressure, Temperature, &c. Giving Tables
of Averages for 33 Years' (C/hc40 Aob 44479). In these summaries, definitions
are as in the above. This book contains tables of monthly and annual surface
weather data for Kingston, Jamaica from 1881 to 1922. Tables of barometric
pressure are for 1881 to 1898 and for 1908 to 1922. All other data are for
1908 to 1922. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean pressure and
temperature; monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean (given
hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and cloud cover (given
in tenths for lower, middle and upper levels); monthly total rainfall and wind
speed; monthly absolute maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean range of
pressure between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.; annual mean pressure and temperature;
annual mean maximum and minimum temperature; annual mean (given hour) pressure,
temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and cloud cover (given in tenths for
lower, middle and upper levels); annual mean range of pressure between 7 a.m.
and 3 p.m.; annual total rainfall and wind speed; long-term monthly mean
pressure, temperature, humidity, wind speed, and rainfall; long-term monthly
mean maximum and minimum temperature; long-term monthly mean (given hour)
pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point, wind, and clouds (given in tenths
for lower, middle and upper levels); long-term monthly average highest maximum
and lowest minimum temperature; long-term monthly mean range of pressure
between 7 a.m. and 3 p.m.; long-term annual mean pressure, temperature,
humidity, wind speed, and rainfall; long-term annual mean maximum and minimum
temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature,
humidity, dew point, wind, and clouds (given in tenths for lower, middle and
upper levels); long-term annual average highest maximum and lowest minimum
temperature; and long-term annual mean range of pressure between 7 a.m. and 3
p.m.

Wind data for Kingston resides in 1 book, 'Wind Movements in Kingston, Jamaica'
(C/hc40 B83 34083). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This
book contains tables and graphs of monthly and annual surface winds in
Kingston Jamaica for August 1908 through July 1909. Tables contain the
following data: monthly mean (given hour) total miles of wind from all
directions; monthly mean (given hour) winds; monthly mean hourly total miles of
wind from all directions; monthly mean daily total miles of wind from all
directions; monthly mean daily winds; monthly total miles of wind from
different directions; monthly average daily starting and stopping time and
duration of sea-breeze; monthly average maximum velocity of a sea-breeze with
duration longer or shorter than average; monthly percentage of cases when the
sea-breeze has a West or North or N.E. origin; monthly average beginning,
ending, and duration of sea breeze from different wind directions; annual mean
(given hour) total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean (given hour)
winds; annual mean hourly total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean
daily total miles of wind from all directions; annual mean daily winds; annual
total miles of wind from different directions; annual average daily starting
time, stopping time, and duration of sea-breeze from different directions;
annual average maximum velocity of a sea-breeze with duration longer than and
shorter than average; annual percentage of cases of sea-breeze with West and
North or N. E. origin; annual average commencement time of sea breeze of West
and North or N.E. origin; annual average ending time of a sea-breeze around the
West and N.E.; and annual average duration of a sea-breeze starting before and
after the average time. Graphs contain annual hourly trace of mean wind speed
and annual wind rose giving total miles of wind for each direction.

Rainfall data for Jamaica resides in 1 book, 'Handbook of Jamaica' (C/hc40 A0c
4838 ). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains
one table of rainfall data for Jamaica spanning the years 1861 through 1879.
The data are from various reporting stations for varying periods from 2 to 18
years. This table (pp. 90-91) is contained in a narrative on the climate in
Jamaica which is part of a handbook that is largely non-meteorological. The
table contains long-term monthly mean total rainfall and long-term annual mean
total rainfall.

The Kingston cloud drift data resides in 1 book, 'Cloud Drift as Observed at
Kingston, Jamaica, During the Years 1907-1913' (C/hc40 B83 37276). In these
summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains tables and
graphs of monthly and annual lower, middle, and upper level cloud drift data as
observed at Kingston, Jamaica from August 1907 through December 1913. Tables
contain the following data: long-term monthly mean (given hour) lower, middle,
and upper level cloud drift; long-term annual mean (given hour) lower, middle,
and upper level cloud drift; long-term annual mean (given hour) lower, middle,
and upper level cloud cover given in tenths; long-term annual combined mean
(given hour) upper level cloud cover. Graphs contain long-term monthly mean
upper level cloud drift drawn as lines on a compass and long-term monthly trace
of mean upper level cloud drift.

Additional Jamaica data resides in 4 books, ' Jamaica Meteorological
Observations: 1910-1914' (C/hc40 K55 43275); Jamaica Meteorological
Observations: 1915-1926' (C/hc40 K55 49095); Jamaica Meteorological
Observations: 1927-1937' (C/hc40 K55 59030); and Jamaica Meteorological
Observations: 1938, 1945-51' (C/hc40 K55 074998). In these summaries,
definitions are as in the above. These volumes contain tables of hourly, daily,
monthly, and annual surface weather data from Jamaica for 1910 through 1919,
1921 through 1938, and 1945 through 1951. Mean rainfall data are given for the
whole island. Hourly and daily surface weather data are for Kingston only and
begin in 1912. No annual data are given for Kingston before 1921. Apart from
exceptions noted below, all other data in tables are reported for Kingston,
Negril Point, and Morant Point for the above dates.

Tables contain the following data: hourly pressure, temperature, humidity,
vapor pressure (begins 1913), surface winds, and amount of cloud; daily
absolute maximum and minimum temperature; daily total rainfall; monthly mean
pressure, temperature, humidity (begins 1913), rainfall and daily wind speed;
monthly mean maximum and minimum temperature; monthly mean (given hour)
pressure, temperature, humidity, dew point (1910-1911 only), vapor pressure
(begins 1913), amount of cloud, amount of upper level cloud (1910-1911 only),
and surface winds; monthly absolute maximum and minimum temperature; monthly
total rainfall; monthly number of days with (begins 1912) rainfall,
thunderstorms, and clear or overcast sky; monthly normal rainfall (30 and 60
year averages given in 1934-1938 only); monthly number of observations of
surface wind direction (begins 1913); annual mean pressure, temperature,
humidity (begins 1913), and daily wind speed; annual mean maximum and minimum
temperature; annual mean (given hour) pressure, temperature, humidity, dew
point (1910-1911 only), vapor pressure (begins 1913), amount of cloud, amount
of upper level cloud (1910-1911 only), and surface winds; annual absolute
maximum and minimum temperature; annual total rainfall; annual number of days
with (begins 1912) rainfall, thunderstorms, and clear or overcast sky; annual
normal rainfall (30 and 60 year averages given in 1934-1938 only); and annual
number of observations of surface wind direction (begins 1913). This book also
includes reports of extraordinary conditions such as earthquakes and tropical
depressions as well as observations of monthly climatological conditions such
as the approximate deviation from normal rainfall.

Additional Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Meteorology of Jamaica'
(C/hc40 B838 58338). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This
book contains tables, graphs, and maps of monthly and annual surface weather
data for Jamaica. Data on hurricanes begin in 1655. Rainfall data begin
between 1871 and 1935. Other data begin between 1908 and 1935. Latest data
are for 1935. Tables contain the following data: monthly mean daily total wind
speed; annual mean daily total wind speed; annual mean rate of rainfall per
hour; annual total rainfall and hours of rainfall; annual number of days with
rainfall; annual number of hurricanes; long-term monthly mean evaporation;
long-term monthly mean (given hour) humidity, pressure, change in pressure, and
cloudiness (0-10 clear to overcast scale); long-term monthly mean total hours
of sunshine and percentage of possible hours of sunshine; long-term monthly
mean number of hurricanes and thunderstorms; long-term monthly semi-diurnal
tide; long-term monthly total of thunderstorms; long-term annual mean
temperature at varying altitudes, hourly and daily total wind speed,
evaporation, number of thunderstorms, and rainfall; long-term annual mean
maximum and minimum temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) pressure,
change in pressure, and humidity; long-term annual hours of sunshine and
percentage of possible hours of sunshine; long-term annual normal humidity; and
long-term annual number of days with hail. Graphs contain long-term monthly
mean rainfall and long-term monthly frequency of thunderstorms. Maps contain
long-term annual mean rainfall.

Additional Kingston data resides in 1 book, 'Temperature in Kingston, Jamaica'
(C/hc40 K55t 23099). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This
book contains tables of monthly and annual surface temperature and annual
rainfall data for Kingston, Jamaica. The long-term temperature data and the
consecutive annual temperature data are for 1881-1898. The consecutive monthly
and annual temperature data are for 1899-1901. Soil temperature data are for
1892-1896. Rainfall data are for 1866-1901. Tables contain the following data:
monthly mean air temperature; monthly mean (given hour) air temperature; annual
mean air temperature; annual mean maximum and minimum air temperature; annual
mean (given hour) air temperature; annual absolute maximum and minimum air
temperature; annual total rainfall; long-term monthly mean air and soil
temperature; long-term monthly mean maximum and minimum air temperature;
long-term monthly average highest maximum and lowest minimum air temperature;
long-term annual mean air and soil temperature; long-term annual mean maximum
and minimum air temperature; long-term annual mean (given hour) air temperature.

Additional Jamaica data resides in 1 book, 'Barometer in Jamaica' (C/hc40
H17re 34085). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book
contains tables of hourly, daily, monthly, and annual surface weather data from
several reporting stations in Jamaica for various days and periods between 1879
and 1901. Tables contain the following data: hourly pressure and temperature
(9 April 1879; 16,17,18 November 1886); daily mean pressure and temperature
(same dates as hourly); long-term monthly mean pressure, temperature, and dew
point; long-term monthly mean (given hour) pressure and temperature; long-term
annual mean pressure, temperature, and dew point; and long-term annual mean
(given hour) pressure and temperature.

Wind data for Kingston resides in 1 book, 'Kingston Anemometer' (C/hc40 B83k
28093). In these summaries, definitions are as in the above. This book contains
tables and graphs of monthly and annual surface wind data for Kingston, Jamaica
from March, 1892 to February, 1895. Tables contain the following data: monthly
mean daily miles of wind; monthly mean (given hour) miles of wind; monthly
maximum wind pressure and miles of wind in 1 hour; annual mean daily miles of
wind; annual mean (given hour) miles of wind; long-term monthly mean daily
miles of wind; long-term monthly mean (given hour) miles of wind; long-term
monthly maximum wind pressure and miles of wind in 1 hour; long-term annual
mean daily miles of wind; long-term annual mean (given hour) miles of wind.
Graphs contain the following data: long-term monthly hourly trace of mean wind
speed; long-term annual hourly trace of mean wind speed; long-term annual
monthly trace of mean time of occurrence of maximum wind speed.

These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by the
NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection dates
back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual tabular
summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are the result of
foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been updated since
1983.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 18.0 S: 17.0  E: -76.0  W: -78.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1655-01-01
Stop Date: 1951-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > Jamaica
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > CARIBBEAN SEA > JAMAICA > Kingston
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
VERTICAL LOCATION > BOUNDARY LAYER
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS >THUNDERSTORMS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >STORMS >TROPICAL DEPRESSIONS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >DEW POINT TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD TYPES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN >RAINFALL    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR IRRADIANCE >INSOLATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >TIDAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >TIDES >TIDAL COMPONENTS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
OCEANS


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
HYGROMETERS    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
ANNUAL DATA
BLUE MOUNTAIN PEAK
CLIMATOLOGY
CLOUD DRIFT
DAILY DATA
DEW POINT
HAIL
HURRICANES
JAMAICA
KINGSTON
MONTHLY DATA
NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN
RADIATION
RAINFALL
SEA BREEZE
SEASONAL DATA
SKY COVER
SOIL TEMPERATURES
STATISTICS
SUNSHINE
SURFACE
THUNDERSTORMS
TROPICAL DEPRESSIONS
UPPER AIR
UPPER LEVEL WINDS
VAPOR PRESSURE
WEATHER OBSERVATIONS
WEST INDIES


Originating Center
NOAA/NESDIS/NODC/LISD


Data Center
Library Services Information Division, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.lib.noaa.gov/
Dataset ID: C/HC40 A0C 4838
Dataset ID: C/HC40 AOB 44479
Dataset ID: C/HC40 B83 34083
Dataset ID: C/HC40 B83 37276
Dataset ID: C/HC40 B83 41518
Dataset ID: C/HC40 B838 58338
Dataset ID: C/HC40 B83K 28093
Dataset ID: C/HC40 H178 P2751
Dataset ID: C/HC40 H17RE 34085
Dataset ID: C/HC40 K55 074998
Dataset ID: C/HC40 K55 43275
Dataset ID: C/HC40 K55 49095
Dataset ID: C/HC40 K55T 23099

Data Center Personnel
Name: NOAA CENTRAL LIBRARY
Phone: (301) 713-2600 x124
Fax: (301) 713-4598
Email: reference at www.lib.noaa.gov
Contact Address:
NOAA Central Library
1315 East-West Highway 2nd Floor, SSMC3
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3282
Country: USA


Personnel
ALAN KEIR MARTINSON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 210-0250
Contact Address:
Scientific and Commercial Systems Corporation
6429 Virginia Manor Rd.
City: Beltsville
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20705
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-02-23

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