Upper Atmosphere Data including the Fabry-Perot Interferometer, Mesosphere/Stratosphere Radar, and Ionospheric Models from NCAR
Entry ID: NCAR_UPA

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Summary
Abstract: These data sets including model data correspond mostly to the upper
atmosphere between 80 and 1000 km and is archived at the National
Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). A detailed catalog of these
upper atmosphere data is available.

The Fabry-Perot Interferometer measures neutral gas temperature and
velocity. The altitude of measurement may not be known precisely (but
can be inferred with additional data), and can range from 90 to 500
km. The current data holding is from Sondre Stromfjord, Greenland (67
N, 51 W), 1988 nominally at 250 km.

The Mesosphere-Stratosphere (MST) Doppler radars measure neutral wind
velocity and turbulence at altitudes of 0 to 100 km. The current data
holding is from Poker Flat, Alaska (65 N, 147 W) and is hourly
averages, more or less continuous from 1979-1985.

Model data includes the Chiu Model which produces height profiles of
electron density for specified location, time and sunspot number;
International Reference Ionosphere (IRI) Model which produces electron
density, neutral temperature, electron temperature, ion temperature
and ion concentrations for five species (O+, H+, He+, O2, NO+) given
location, time and sunspot number; and the Mass Spectrometer
Incoherent Scatter (MSIS) Model which produces neutral atmosphere
parameters (temperature, exospheric temperature and Ar, O2, N2, O, N,
He, H concentrations) given a number of geophysical indices. The 1983
and 1986 versions are available.

Model data assimilation analyses of the Ionosphere produced by
assimilative mapping of ionospheric electrodynamics provides electric
potential patterns, electric fields, and height-integrated
conductivities over the Northern Hemisphere above 50 degrees magnetic
latitude. Patterns are derived from a variety of data sources
(magnetometers, IS radars, coherent radars, satellite measurements of
electron precipitation) starting with statistical patterns applicable
to the geophysical conditions.

General Circulation Models (GCM) include the Thermosphere/Ionosphere
GCM which provides global coverage on a 5 X 5 degree grid between 97
km and 500-700 km of neutral and ionized thermospheric parameters
including neutral winds, neutral temperatures, neutral compositions
(N2, O2, O), electron density, electron temperature, ion temperature
and ion composition (O+, O2+). Model inputs of ion velocity and
auroral deposition parameters are also provided. The Semi-diurnal
tidal model provides amplitudes and phases of the semi-diurnal tide in
the horizontal neutral wind, neutral temperature and geopotential
between 0 and 100 km as a function of latitude and season.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1979-01-01


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
VERTICAL LOCATION > IONOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > MESOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > THERMOSPHERE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE ELEMENTS/TRACE METALS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >TRACE GASES/TRACE SPECIES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >UPPER LEVEL WINDS    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >RADAR >RADAR BACKSCATTER    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >AURORAE    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX >ELECTRON FLUX    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES >ENERGY DEPOSITION    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX >ION FLUX    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES >PARTICLE COMPOSITION    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES >PARTICLE DENSITY    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES >PARTICLE SPEED    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE PROPERTIES >PARTICLE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX >PROTON FLUX    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ACTIVITY >SUNSPOTS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOMAGNETISM >ELECTRICAL FIELD    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >SOLAR ENERGETIC PARTICLE FLUX >HEAVY NUCLEI FLUX    [Definition]
SUN-EARTH INTERACTIONS >IONOSPHERE/MAGNETOSPHERE DYNAMICS >ION CHEMISTRY/IONIZATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >NITROGEN COMPOUNDS >MOLECULAR NITROGEN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >MOLECULAR OXYGEN    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
IMAGERY/BASE MAPS/EARTH COVER


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]


Instrument
DOPPLER RADAR    [Information]
RADAR >Radio Detection and Ranging    [Information]
FPI >Fabry-Perot Interferometer    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Keywords
ION CONCENTRATIONS
IONIZED PARAMETERS
IONOSPHERIC SCIENCE
MODEL
MSIS
NEUTRAL PARAMETERS
POKER FLAT, ALASKA
SPACE PHYSICS
THERMOSPHERE
TURBULENCE
UPPER AIR


Originating Center
NCAR


Data Center
High Altitude Observatory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.hao.ucar.edu/

Data Center Personnel
Name: BARBARA EMERY
Phone: (303) 497-1596
Fax: (303) 497-1589
Email: emery at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
High Altitude Observatory
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: USA


Personnel
ROY BARNES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (303) 497-1230
Fax: (303) 497-1137
Email: bozo at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
Scientific Computing Division
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: USA


ARTHUR D. RICHMOND
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303)497-1570
Fax: 303-497-1589
Email: richmond at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
High Altitude Observatory
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: USA


SCOTT A. RITZ
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: 301-602-3890
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Scott.A.Ritz at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: Maryland
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Jenne, Roy L., June 1989. 'Data Availability at NCAR', NCAR, Boulder, CO.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2005-07-28

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