Frequency and Season of Prescription Fires to Reduce Hazardous Fuel Loads on the Lower Piedmont of Georgia
Entry ID: SFP_frequencyseasonpresfires

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Summary
Abstract: In 1989 a study to quantify the long-term response to various return intervals
of dormant- and growing- season prescription fires was installed on the
Hitchiti Experimental Forest in Jones Co. Georgia, about 20 miles NE of Macon.
The study is comprised of 6 treatments (2-yr winter line headfire, 3-yr winter
line headfire, 3-yr winter line backfire, 3-yr summer line backfire, 6-yr
summer line backfire, and unburned check) replicated 4 times in a randomized
block design. Each plot is roughly 2-acres in size. The plots were installed in
a 70-year old mixed pine/hardwood stand comprised primarily of loblolly (Pinus
taeda) and shortleaf (P. echinata) pines and various oaks (Quercus sp.) and
maples (Acer sp.). This study site would make an ideal demonstration area for
several reasons: 1) From a hazard reduction standpoint, the dramatic visual
differences among several treatments (including fire-free interval, season of
application, and firing technique) can be observed; 2) This is the only
long-term fire study I am aware of in this fuel type which is one of the
largest in the south, stretching from Virginia to Arkansas, and the only one in
the Piedmont physiographic region; 3) There is currently much interest in the
potential of prescribed fire to reduce hazardous fuels and improve biodiversity
in the Piedmont, yet the Native American practice of underburning has only been
operationally returned to the Piedmont for several decades and then generally
only on certain federal and state lands, so opportunities to see various
frequencies and seasons of burn are extremely limited and rarely occur together
on the same ownership and; 5) the site is within a? hour drive of Macon and
about an hour from Atlanta, the largest city in the South. I propose to sign
one replication of the plots along a paved road and design a permanent display
board for the site that contains a map of the study site, photographs, study
results, and a brief description of the role of fire in this ecosystem. A
full-color take-home fact sheet will also be provided. We will also develop
and maintain a web page describing this long-term study site. This study is
adjacent to a trailhead with parking facilities.

A study to quantify the long-term response to various return intervals of
dormant- and growing- season prescription fires in the Hitchiti Experimental
Forest in Jones County, Georgia.

Related URL
Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Metadata in Biological Data Profile format.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 33.032898 S: 33.021557  E: -83.703125  W: -83.71522

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Kenneth Outcalt
Dataset Title: Frequency and Season of Prescription Fires to Reduce Hazardous Fuel Loads on the Lower Piedmont of Georgia
Dataset Publisher: USDA Forest Service
Online Resource: http://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1989-01-01
Stop Date: 2005-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >FOREST SCIENCE >FOREST FIRE SCIENCE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >FIRE ECOLOGY >FIRE DYNAMICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >FIRE ECOLOGY >FIRE OCCURRENCE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA


Quality
Step 1: Overstory Tree Measurements

All trees larger than 4.5 inches DBH are measured periodically on two 0.2 acre
(1/5-acre) circular plots on each treatment plot. Plots are located at the
upper and lower slopes of the burn plot. The 1/5-acre plots are designated
as"Top Left" and"Bottom Right". On each 1/5-acre plot tree measurements taken
are: species, DBH, azimuth, distance, and damage. Total heights were measured
at the beginning of the study. At the beginning of the study trees were tagged
with numbered tags, but many of these tags have been lost due to tree growth
and other factors. The decision was made to use azimuth and distance to
identify the trees instead of retagging them.


Access Constraints
Data is collected with government funding and thus is in the public domain.
However, until data has been published, the owners and principal investigators
have the right to restrict access. Any use before this time must be arranged
with the principal investigator.


Use Constraints
Data is collected with government funding and thus is in the public domain.
However, until data has been published, the owners and principal investigators
have the right to restrict access. Any use before this time must be arranged
with the principal investigator.


Keywords
prescribed fire
Jones County
Georgia


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Southern Research Station, Forest Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.srs.fs.fed.us/

Data Center Personnel
Name: KENNETH OUTCALT
Phone: 706-559-4309
Fax: 706-559-4317
Contact Address:
Forestry Sciences Lab
320 Green Street
City: Athens
Province or State: Georgia
Postal Code: 30602-2044
Country: United States


Personnel
KENNETH OUTCALT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 706-559-4309
Fax: 706-559-4317
Contact Address:
Forestry Sciences Lab
320 Green Street
City: Athens
Province or State: Georgia
Postal Code: 30602-2044
Country: United States


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Kenneth Outcalt, Southern Fire Portal - Fred Rascoe - Frequency and Season of
Prescription Fires to Reduce Hazardous Fuel Loads on the Lower Piedmont of
Georgia. In Dale Wade, Frequency and Season of Prescription Fires to Reduce
Hazardous Fuel Loads on the Lower Piedmont of Georgia.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-02-26
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-12-12

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