Long Term Land Use Experiment (DIII, Berlin-Dahlem/Germany), Soil Organic Matter Network
Entry ID: HUB.IFP.DIII

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Summary
Abstract: This experiment began in 1923. The land uses in the project are:
1923-66 "free" rotation, 50% cereals,50% non-cereals; since 1967 4
year rotation either fodder beet,winter wheat,potatoes,winter wheat or
winter rye,winter wheat,oats,winter wheat (treatment E). Treatments:
A. 2xdepth of ploughing; B.with/without lime; C. with/without phosphate;
D. with/without stable manure; E. crop rotation. A,B,C from 1923; D
since 1939; E since 1967.

The site is classified in the cool temperate climatic region. The
average climatic conditions at the experimental site are:

Minimum annual temperature: 5.7 deg C
Mean annual temperature: 9.2 deg C
Maximum annual temperature: 12.7 deg C
Minimum annual rainfall: 356 mm
Mean annual rainfall: 547 mm
Maximum annual rainfall: 736 mm

The soil at the site is described as an Albic Luvisol (FAO). The
characteristics of the soil are:

Ap 0-30 cm: silty sand, single grain structure; Al 30-50 cm: silty sand,
single grain structure; al/IIBt 50-60 cm: silty/loamy sand,
single grain/subpolyhedric structure; IIbt 60-80 cm: loamy sand, single
grain/subpolyhedric structure; IICv >80 cm: loamy sand,
single grain/subpolyhedric structure.

The measurements made, methodology, and frequency are listed below:

a) Vegetation measurements made and frequency

Yield: Annual
Total above-ground dry matter: Annual
1967-70: N,P,K. 1989/89: Cd,Pb,Cu,Zn (selected treatments).

b) Soil sampling

Details of soil sampling method: 25 single samples are taken per
plot using an auger, combined to give a mixed sample. The samples are
generally taken from 3 replications (nos 4,5,6; ie 96 plots) at
irregular intervals, depending on special research projects. Due to
the large number of treatments (32) sampling is sometimes limited to
selected treatments. Soil is separated into layers

Details of measuring depths and soil layers: 0-16,16-30,30-50 cm.
The frequency of sampling is generally the same for all layers.

c) Soil measurements made and frequency

Total carbon: Irregular - 1937,52,56,62,67,70,88,89,90.
Method of measuring total carbon: Different methods used during
the course of the experiment. The latest sampling used gas
chromatographic determination of CO2 and N2 after dry combustion of
soil (with Nitrogen Analyser Carlo Erba 1500).

Total nitrogen: Irregular (1937,52,56,62,67,70,88,89,90).
Method of measuring total nitrogen: Methods have varied during the
course of the experiment.

Total mineral nitrogen: 1989,1990 only
Method of measuring total mineral nitrogen: NO3 - Na-Salicylate
method; NH4 - Nessler's Reagent

Soil bulk density or weight: Irregular (1961/2,67-70,88)

Other nutrients: pH
(1923,26,29,31,32,34,39,46,47,52,56,62,67,70,75,85,88,89, 90). P
(1924,32,38,49,52,56,62,67,70). K (1924,32,38,56,62,67,70). Ca
(1956). Mg (1956). Cd,Pb,Cu,Zn (1988/89).

Atmospheric inputs: Measurements of nutrient inputs (several anions
and cations) contained in rainfall are available (long term values
from other experiments in the research station).

Other measurements: Soil: several microbiological parameters
(1988-90). Plant: sociology of weeds (1988-90); investigaations into
the yield structure of cereals (ears/sq m, 1000 grain weight,
grains/ear, grains/sq m, nos of fertile and sterile spikelets, etc),
since 1967.

d) Details of the meteorological station

Nearest meteorological station to the site: Berlin-Dahlem which is
.5 km from the site at coordinates 13deg18min E, 52deg28min
N. Meteorological data is available from both a manual and an
automaticstation.

e) Meteorological data available and frequency

Rainfall: Daily
Air temperature: Daily/continuous
Soil temperature: Daily/continuous at Several depths depth
Wind speed: Continuous
Net Radiation: Continuous
Sun hours: Daily
Relative humidity: Daily/continuous
Potential evapotranspiration: Daily measured/calculated by 1953-1980:
Piche, Wild, Mitscherlich. 1981-> Class A pan,
Czeratzki. Calculated values by the methods of Penman, Thornthwaite,
Haude.








This information was compiled for the GCTE-SOMNET Database, Pete
Smith, Pete Falloon, David Powlson, and Jo Smith. Soil Science
Department, IACR-Rothamsted, UK.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: This url links to the GCTE-SOMNET home page where additional project
information and methodology can be obtained. This site is currently
in a datasharing phase of the network where actual data will become
available shortly, at different levels of accessibility. Please
follow this link for more information.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 52.5 S: 52.4  E: 13.4  W: 13.2
 Min Depth: SURFACE  Max Depth: 50CM

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Prof. Dr. F. Ellmer
Dataset Title: Land Use Experiment (DIII, Berlin-Dahlem/Germany)
Online Resource: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/eusomnet/expts/landused111.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1923-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > WESTERN EUROPE > GERMANY


Data Resolution
Vertical Resolution: 16 cm
Temporal Resolution: varies by measurement, see Summary section


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >FERTILIZERS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE >CROP/PLANT YIELDS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE >CROPPING SYSTEMS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >CALCIUM    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >CARBON >TOTAL CARBON    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MAGNESIUM    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >MICRONUTRIENTS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >NITROGEN >MINERAL NITROGEN    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >NITROGEN >TOTAL NITROGEN    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >ORGANIC MATTER    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >POTASSIUM    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL BULK DENSITY    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL PH    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPOTRANSPIRATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >LIQUID PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >NET RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >BIOMASS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >CARBON    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >CALCIUM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MAGNESIUM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >MICRONUTRIENTS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >NITROGEN >MINERAL NITROGEN    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >ORGANIC MATTER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >POTASSIUM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL BULK DENSITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL PH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Project
GCTE >Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems, IGBP    [Information]


Quality
Details of the plots:
Width of smallest plot is 4 m
Length of smallest plot is 5 m
Slope: Negligible . Shape: Uniform
Details of direction of cultivation: Parallel
Width of Bare Strip around plot: None
Width of Discard Strip around plot: 0.5 m

Details of homogeneity of the plots:
Variability is high due to 1)
natural soil heterogeneity; 2) treatments, esp. line and manure
fertilizing, which influence pH,SOM,nutrients very differently in the
various zones of the plots. The problem is intensified by the small
plot size. Some small investigations were done in the pase, but
systematic research work is still missing.

Details of replication, randomization:
There are at least 6 replicates in the experiment. Systematic design.


Access Constraints
none


Keywords
AVENA SATIVA L.
BEET
BRASSICA NAPUS L.
GCTE
GLOBAL CHANGE AND TERESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
IGBP
INTERNATIONAL GEOSPHERE BIOSPHERE PROGRAM
OATS
POTATOES
RYE
SECALE CEREALE L.
SOIL ORGANIC MATTER NETWORK
SOLANUM TUBEROSUM L.
SOMNET
TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.
WINTER WHEAT


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
European Soil Organic Matter Network, Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Soil Organic Matter Network, Rothamsted Research    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/eusomnet/

Data Center Personnel
Name: PETER FALLOON
Phone: +44 (0)1582 763133 x2110
Fax: +44 (0)1582 760981
Email: Pete.Falloon at bbsrc.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Agriculture & Environment Division,
Rothamsted Research,
Harpenden,
Herts. AL5 2JQ UK.


Personnel
FRANK ELLMER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 030 2897 2365
Fax: 030 2897 2357
Contact Address:
(Crop Farming Institute)
Institut fur Pflanzenbauwissenschaften
Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin
Invalidenstrasse 42
City: Berlin
Postal Code: 10115
Country: Germany


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Eberhardt, W. and Krzysch, G. 1959. Stickstoffgehalt und C/N-Verhaltnis
eines lehmigen Sandbodens und ihre Abhangigkeit von
Pflungarbeit und Dungung. Z. Pflanzenernahr., Dung., Bodenkde 85,
117-123.

Kohn, W. 1973. Der Einfluss langahriger ackerbaulicher und
pflanzenbaulicher Massnahmen auf die Eigenschaften und die
Ertragsleistung eines Sandbodens unter besonderer Berucksichtigung
getreidereicher Fruchtfolgen. Diss. TU Berlin.

Kohn, W. 1975 and 1976. Der Einfluss langjahriger Bodenbearbeitungs-,
Dungungs-und Fruchtfolgemassnahmen auf die
chemischen und physikalischen Eigenschaften und die Ertragsleistung
eines lehmigen Sandbodens. Teil I: Bayer. Ldw. Jahrbuch 52,
929-955. Teil II: Bayer. Ldw. Jahrbuch 53, 419-442.

Kohn, W. and Caesar, K. 1988. Langzeituntersuchungen zur Pflugtiefe,
Kalkung, Stallmistdungung sowie Fruchtfolge in
Berlin-Dahlem. Ber. Ges. Pflanzenbauwiss. 1, 105-125.

Krzysch, G. (Hrsg.) et al 1992. Einfluss von langjahrig differenzierten
Bewirtschaftungs massnahmen und Umweltbelastungen auf
Bodenfruchtnarkeit und Ertrgasleistung eines lehmigen Sandbodens.
Schriftenreihe d. FB Intern. Agrarentw. d. TU Berlin, Nr.141.

Morgenroth, E. 1941. Die Bedeutung der Bearbeitungstiefe fur den
Fruchtbarkeitszustand des Bodens im Lichte allgemeiner
Erfahrungen und der Dahlemer Dauerversuche. Bodenkde u. Pflanzenernahr.
26, 14-72.

Opitz, K. 1930. Uber den Einfluss der Bodenbearbeitnung und Kalkung auf
den Zustand des Dahlemer Bodens und den
Pflanzenertrag. Wiss. Arch. Landwirtsch. 4, 46.

Opitz, K. and Tamm, E. 1953. Die Bedeutung de Bodenbearbeitungstiefe im
Zusammenwirken mit Dungungmassnahmen fur die
Bodenfruchtbarkeit im Lichte der Dahlemer Dauerversuche. Z. Acker-u.
Pflanzenbau 96, 261-308.

Opitz, K., Rathsack, K. and Gopp, K. 1933. Experimentelle Beitrage zum
Problem der Aufschliessung von Bodennahrstoffen
durch Bodenbearbeitung. Landw. Jb. 77, 889.

Opitz. K., Rathsack, K. and Wegener, A. 1936. Weitere Untersuchungen
uber die Bedeutung der Bodenbearbeitung und
Kalkdungung fur den chemischen Zustand des Bodens. Landw. Jb. 83,391.

Petigk, J. 1965. Die Beeinflussung der physikalischen Eigenschaften des
Dahlemer Bodens durch langjahrig differenzierte
Bodenbearbeitungs-und Dungungsmassnahmen. Z. Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 123,
269-306.

Tamm, E. and Eberhardt, W. 1958. Die Einwirkung verschiedener
Bodenbearbeitungs-und Dungungsmassnahmen auf den
chemischen Zustand und die Ertragsleistung eines lehmigen Sandbodens. Z.
Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 106, 361-406.

Tamm, E. and Krzysch, G. 1964. Veranderungen der chemischen und
biologischen Bodeneigenschaften im Profil eines lehmigen
Sandbodens durch langjahrig differenzierte Bodenbearbeitungs-und
Dungungsmassnahmen. Teil I: Z. Acker- und Pflanzenbau 120,
197-231. Teil II: Acker-u. Pflanzenbau 121, 1-28.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-12-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-01-31

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