Surface-water Quality Assessment of the Yakima River Basin in Washington: Chemical Analyses of Major, Minor and Trace Elements in Fine-Grained Sediment.
Entry ID: BESTsed20
The overall scope of the surface water NAWQA program includes organic|
and inorganic analyses of media such as water, sediments, and biota.
Inorganic data from this report will be used to relate the occurrence
and distribution of major and trace elements to geologic sources and
land use activities. In addition, the elements associated with
streambed sediments are important contributors to water column
chemistry and will aid in modeling source-fate investigations.
Forty-four metals were analyzed in addition to the determination of
total, inorganic, and organic carbon for samples collected from 430
sites (Ryder et al. 1992).
The area of study was the Yakima River Basin.
Five to seven subsamples were collected from lower-order streams. The
subsamples were sieved through a 2-mm stainless steel screen and
transferred to a Hubco aerobic sample bag. The samples were air dried
before shipped to the laboratory. The laboratory sieved the samples
through a 63 micron sieve and the <63 micron portion was analyzed.
Three to five subsamples from higher-order streams were composited in
a plastic tub, then wet sieved through a 63 micron stainless steel
sieve. The sieved sediment/water slurry was placed in a 2 liter glass
jar and allowed to stand overnight. After settling, the water was
siphoned off and the settled fines placed in polypropylene containers
and air dried.
Target analytes forty-four metals, TOC, and sediment grain size.
Analytical techniques included Thirty-seven metals were analyzed by
Inductively Coupled Plasma -Atomic Emission Spectrometry and three
metals were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Mercury was
analyzed by cold vapor-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. The remaining
metals were analyzed by titration and fluorimetry. Total carbon was
determined by combustion and infrared spectrometry and inorganic
carbon was determined by titration. Organic carbon was calculated
from the difference between total and inorganic carbon. Analytical
methods are described in detail by Arbogast (1990). All results are
repoted on dry weight basis.
The information for this metadata was taken from the Columbia River
Basin: Sediment Database Abstracts.
VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Metadata in National Biological Information Infrastructure format.
|N: 47.0||S: 46.0||E: -119.0||W: -120.0||
Data Set Citation
U.S. Geological Survey (National Water Quality Assessment Program)
Dataset Title: Surface-water Quality Assessment of the Yakima River Basin in Washington:Chemical Analyses of Major, Minor and Trace Elements in Fine-Grained Sediment.
Dataset Release Date: 1992
Dataset Release Place: Seattle, Washington
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey :Books and Open-File Reports [distributor]
Data Presentation Form: pdf
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1992/0520/report.pdf
|Start Date: 1987-08-01|
|Stop Date: 1987-09-30|
> NORTH AMERICA
> UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
> Columbia River Basin
|AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES [Definition]|
|HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS [Definition]|
|BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM [Definition]|
|BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOTOXICOLOGY >SPECIES BIOACCUMULATION [Definition]|
ISO Topic Category
|ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program [Information]|
Quality assurance was evaluated by including standard reference|
materials, random split samples, and laboratory duplicates. Quality
assessment procedures and results for analytical precision and
accuracy for the four NAWQA pilot studies are presented by Sanzolone
and Ryder (1989). The laboratory data were reviewed and data
qualifiers were added as appropriate. The data qualifiers used were
defined as follows: Insufficient sample for analysis; H -
Interference; U - Concentration is less than value shown. Users of
these data should be reminded that the results are for specific grain
size fractions which can not be compared directly to results from bulk
sediment analyses. All data entered in the database were reviewed for
data entry errors. All detected errors were corrected.
All samples were collected within the Yakima River Basin. Samples were
collected randomly from 269 lower-order streambed sites, 75 samples
were collected from higher-order streambed sites, and the remaining
samples represent storm water urban drains, soils, and analysis of
|BIOLOGICAL DATA PROFILE|
|SEDIMENT GRAIN SIZE|
|YAKIMA RIVER BASIN|
Data Set Progress
Pacific Northwest, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Data Center URL: http://www.epa.gov/region10/
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (970) 226-9488
Fax: (970) 226-9230
Email: patrick_anderson at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division, Midcontinent
Ecological Science Center
City: Fort Collins
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80525
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Geochemistry. U.S. Geological Survey. U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 90-668.
Ryder, J.L., R.F. Sanzolone, G.J. Fuhrer, and E.L. Mosier. 1992.
Surface-water-quality assessment of the Yakima River basin in
Washington: Chemical analyses of major, minor, and trace elements in
fine-grained sediment. U.S. Department of the Interior,
U.S. Geological Survey. Open-File Report 92-520.
Sanzolone, R.F., and J.L. Ryder. 1989. Quality assessment program
and results for the NAWQA surface water pilot studies.
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-658.