Surface-water Quality Assessment of the Yakima River Basin in Washington: Chemical Analyses of Major, Minor and Trace Elements in Fine-Grained Sediment.
Entry ID: BESTsed20

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Summary
Abstract: The overall scope of the surface water NAWQA program includes organic
and inorganic analyses of media such as water, sediments, and biota.
Inorganic data from this report will be used to relate the occurrence
and distribution of major and trace elements to geologic sources and
land use activities. In addition, the elements associated with
streambed sediments are important contributors to water column
chemistry and will aid in modeling source-fate investigations.
Forty-four metals were analyzed in addition to the determination of
total, inorganic, and organic carbon for samples collected from 430
sites (Ryder et al. 1992).

The area of study was the Yakima River Basin.

Five to seven subsamples were collected from lower-order streams. The
subsamples were sieved through a 2-mm stainless steel screen and
transferred to a Hubco aerobic sample bag. The samples were air dried
before shipped to the laboratory. The laboratory sieved the samples
through a 63 micron sieve and the <63 micron portion was analyzed.
Three to five subsamples from higher-order streams were composited in
a plastic tub, then wet sieved through a 63 micron stainless steel
sieve. The sieved sediment/water slurry was placed in a 2 liter glass
jar and allowed to stand overnight. After settling, the water was
siphoned off and the settled fines placed in polypropylene containers
and air dried.

Target analytes forty-four metals, TOC, and sediment grain size.

Analytical techniques included Thirty-seven metals were analyzed by
Inductively Coupled Plasma -Atomic Emission Spectrometry and three
metals were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. Mercury was
analyzed by cold vapor-Atomic Absorption Spectrometry. The remaining
metals were analyzed by titration and fluorimetry. Total carbon was
determined by combustion and infrared spectrometry and inorganic
carbon was determined by titration. Organic carbon was calculated
from the difference between total and inorganic carbon. Analytical
methods are described in detail by Arbogast (1990). All results are
repoted on dry weight basis.

The information for this metadata was taken from the Columbia River
Basin: Sediment Database Abstracts.

Related URL
Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Metadata in National Biological Information Infrastructure format.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 47.0 S: 46.0  E: -119.0  W: -120.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: U.S. Geological Survey (National Water Quality Assessment Program)
Dataset Title: Surface-water Quality Assessment of the Yakima River Basin in Washington:Chemical Analyses of Major, Minor and Trace Elements in Fine-Grained Sediment.
Dataset Release Date: 1992
Dataset Release Place: Seattle, Washington
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey :Books and Open-File Reports [distributor]
Data Presentation Form: pdf
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/1992/0520/report.pdf


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1987-08-01
Stop Date: 1987-09-30


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WASHINGTON > Columbia River Basin


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOTOXICOLOGY >SPECIES BIOACCUMULATION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT
INLAND WATERS


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]


Quality
Quality assurance was evaluated by including standard reference
materials, random split samples, and laboratory duplicates. Quality
assessment procedures and results for analytical precision and
accuracy for the four NAWQA pilot studies are presented by Sanzolone
and Ryder (1989). The laboratory data were reviewed and data
qualifiers were added as appropriate. The data qualifiers used were
defined as follows: Insufficient sample for analysis; H -
Interference; U - Concentration is less than value shown. Users of
these data should be reminded that the results are for specific grain
size fractions which can not be compared directly to results from bulk
sediment analyses. All data entered in the database were reviewed for
data entry errors. All detected errors were corrected.

All samples were collected within the Yakima River Basin. Samples were
collected randomly from 269 lower-order streambed sites, 75 samples
were collected from higher-order streambed sites, and the remaining
samples represent storm water urban drains, soils, and analysis of
variance sampling.


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
BDP
BIOLOGICAL DATA PROFILE
METALS
SEDIMENT GRAIN SIZE
YAKIMA RIVER BASIN


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Pacific Northwest, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.epa.gov/region10/

Data Center Personnel
Name: DANA DAVOLI
Phone: (206) 553-2135
Fax: (206) 553-0119
Email: davoli.dana at epa.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10
0ea095, 1200 6th Avenue
City: Seattle
Province or State: Washington
Postal Code: 98101
Country: USA


Personnel
PATRICK ANDERSON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (970) 226-9488
Fax: (970) 226-9230
Email: patrick_anderson at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division, Midcontinent
Ecological Science Center
City: Fort Collins
Province or State: Colorado
Postal Code: 80525
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Arbogast, B.F. 1990. Quality assurance manual for the Branch of
Geochemistry. U.S. Geological Survey. U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 90-668.

Ryder, J.L., R.F. Sanzolone, G.J. Fuhrer, and E.L. Mosier. 1992.
Surface-water-quality assessment of the Yakima River basin in
Washington: Chemical analyses of major, minor, and trace elements in
fine-grained sediment. U.S. Department of the Interior,
U.S. Geological Survey. Open-File Report 92-520.

Sanzolone, R.F., and J.L. Ryder. 1989. Quality assessment program
and results for the NAWQA surface water pilot studies.
U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-658.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-05-27
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-06-27
Future DIF Review Date: 2002-05-27

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