White Sturgeon Habitat in the Lower Columbia River
Entry ID: brdnbsc0001

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Summary
Abstract: Estimates of spawning habitat for white sturgeons Acipenser
transmontanus in the tailraces of the four dams on the lower 470 km of
the Columbia River were obtained by using the Physical Habitat
Simulation System of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Instream
Flow Incremental Methodology to identify areas with suitable water
depths, water velocities, and substrates. Rearing habitat throughout
the lower Columbia River was assessed by using a geographic
information system to identify areas with suitable water depths and
substrates. The lowering of spring and summer river discharges from
hydropower system operation reduces the availability of spawning
habitat for white sturgeons. The four dam tailraces in the study area
differ in the amount and quality of spawning habitat available at
various discharges: the differences are due to channel morphology.
The three impoundments and the free-flowing Columbia River downstream
from Bonneville Dam provide extensive areas that are physically
suitable for rearing young-of-the-year and juvenile white sturgeons.


Geographic Description:

This study was conducted in the Columbia River from the mouth
(river kilometer 0) to McNary Dam (river km 470). The four dams

within the study area are operated primarily for hydroelectric power
generation and divide the river into three impoundments, Bonneville
Pool, The Dalles Pool, and John Day Pool, and a free-flowing river
reach. Bonneville Dam was closed in 1938, The Dalles Dam in 1957, John
Day Dam in 1967, and McNary Dam was closed in 1953. The four river
reaches differ in length, surface area, and other physical
characteristics.

Methodology:

Physical Habitat Simulation System (PHABSIM) used to evaluate
habitat available for spawning white sturgeons by determining the
relation between river discharge and spawning habitat downstream from
each dam within the study area. Determines the overall quality of
habitat of a particular unit of area of the river.


Purpose: To identify areas with suitable water depths, water velocities, and
substrates for white sturgeon spawning habitat.

Related URL
Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA


Geographic Coverage
 N: 46.0 S: 45.0  E: -120.0  W: -124.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Michael Parsley and Lance G. Beckman
Dataset Title: White Sturgeon Habitat in the lower Columbia River
Dataset Series Name: North American Journal of Fisheries Management
Dataset Release Date: 1994
Dataset Release Place: Cook, Washington
Dataset Publisher: National Biological Survey
Issue Identification: Vol. 14


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1985-01-01
Stop Date: 1991-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WASHINGTON


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL AQUATIC SCIENCES >AQUACULTURE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL AQUATIC SCIENCES >FISHERIES    [Definition]
OCEANS >AQUATIC SCIENCES >AQUACULTURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >AQUATIC SCIENCES >FISHERIES    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >FISH >RAY-FINNED FISHES >STURGEONS/PADDLEFISHES >WHITE STURGEON
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE HABITAT    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >POPULATION DYNAMICS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ECONOMIC RESOURCES >ENERGY PRODUCTION/USE >HYDROELECTRIC ENERGY PRODUCTION/USE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ECONOMIC RESOURCES >AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Keywords
ACIPENSER
ACIPENSER TRANSMONTANUS
ACIPENSERIDAE
ACIPENSERIFORMES
BONNEVILLE DAM
CHORDATA
COLUMBIA RIVER
LOWER COLUMBIA RIVER
MCNARY DAM
OSTEICHTHYES
PORTLAND, OREGON
REARING HABITAT
SPAWNING HABITAT
THE DALLES DAM
THE JOHN DAY DAM
WASHINGTON
WHITE STURGEON


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
LMER/CRRL


Data Center
Columbia River Research Laboratory, LMER    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://wfrc.usgs.gov/fieldstations/columbia/

Data Center Personnel
Name: MICHAEL PARSLEY
Phone: 509-538-2299
Email: michael_parsley at nbs.gov
Contact Address:
Columbia River Research Laboratory
Biological Resources Division
U.S. Geological Survey
City: Cook
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98605-9701
Country: USA


Personnel
MICHAEL PARSLEY
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 509-538-2299
Email: michael_parsley at nbs.gov
Contact Address:
Columbia River Research Laboratory
Biological Resources Division
U.S. Geological Survey
City: Cook
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98605-9701
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Michael J. Parsley and Lance G. Beckman, 1994. White Sturgeon Spawning
and Rearing Habitat in the Lower Columbia River, North American
Journal of Fisheries Management, vol. 14, pp. 812-827

Bovee, K.D. 1982. A guide to stream habitat analysis using the
instream flow incremental methodology. FWS/OBS, 82/26, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife.

Meaden and Kapetsky. 1991. Inland fisheries and aquaculture. No. 318,
Food and Agricultureal Organization of the United Nations, New York.

Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-04-03

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