Concentration of aerosols in the southern atmosphere (Crozet Island)Entry ID: 414_2_IPEV_FR
Abstract: This program is dedicated to the study of key atmospheric species present in the lower troposphere at mid and high southern latitudes, these regions being still undisturbed by human activities. The present lack of atmospheric data in these regions, where it is still possible to examine the natural variability of the chemical composition of the atmosphere and its complexity, motivates this study. ... For instance, the project is focused on gaseous DMS emitted by the marine biota which by oxidation produces fine sulfur particles able to intercept solar radiations and thus to force the climate. Reversely, climatic conditions influence the state of the marine biota and a negative feedback would take place in response to the global warming.
This study is carried out by trapping gases and particles present in the atmosphere, some analysis such as the DMS one being necessary done at the site. Sampling of seawater during ship traverses and offshore stations are analyzed for DMSP to gain a better understanding of the oceanic source (satellite data being not always sufficient). Furthermore, a study of atmospheric oxidants who convert DMS into fine sulfur particles is carried out. These studies are achieved at DDU, Amsterdam and Crozet to provide a global view on mid and high latitude of the Austral Ocean. The observed interannual variations of the atmospheric chemistry are then compared to various environmental data (ocean colour, sea ice extend, state of the ozone layer, meteorological parameters) in view to understand the cause of their temporal variations. Such long term year-round data set will also permit to detect in the future a possible retroaction of the natural environment of this region to global climate change. Furthermore, such studies are stimulated by the study of glacier archives which open the possibility to reconstruct the past composition of the atmosphere, as far as the relation linking the composition of air and that of snow is enough known. Finally such king of studies has also recently been set up at the new over winter station located at 3000 asl on the high Antarctic plateau (Dome Concordia).
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: J. Sciare
Dataset Title: data from the CESOA Observatory
Dataset Release Date: 0000-00-00
Dataset Release Place: Crozet IslandOnline Resource: http://www-lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr/CESOA/
Start Date: 2004-12-09Stop Date: 2006-03-07
Latitude Resolution: 46°S
Longitude Resolution: 51°E
Vertical Resolution: ground base measurements
Temporal Resolution: daily
ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > SULFATE PARTICLES > ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS AT CROZET ISLAND
ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS > ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE, METHANE SULFONIC ACID, SEA-SALT CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS
ATMOSPHERE > AEROSOLS
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > SULFUR COMPOUNDS > TROPOSPHERIC METHANE SULFONIC ACID AND SULFATE AEROSOL CONCENTRATIONS AT CROZET
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > SULFUR COMPOUNDS > SULFATE > ATMOSPHERIC SULFATE CONCENTRATIONS IN AEROSOLS AT CROZET ISLAND
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > SULFUR COMPOUNDS > SULFATE
ISO Topic Category
Quality Details concerning the used protocols are given on the CESOA web site (http://www-
Access Constraints Login and Password required to access the data. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Use Constraints Please cite data provider: "data from CESOA Observatory - J. Sciare, available at
Please send a copy or pdf file of any publication using CESOA data to the investigator.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: ELECTRONIC MEDIA > Online FTP
Distribution Size: 15 Ko uncompressed
Distribution Format: CSV > Comma-separated values
Email: legrand at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
LGGE 54 rue Moliere
City: Saint Martin d'Heres
Postal Code: 38400
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +33 4 76 82 42 07
Email: cesoa at lgge.obs.ujf-grenoble.fr
LGGE 54 rue Moliere
City: Saint Martin d'Heres
Postal Code: 38400
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +33 1 69 08 77 16
Email: jean.sciare at lsce.ipsl.fr
LSCE Bat 702, Pce 11 CEA Orme les Merisiers
City: Gif sur Yvette
Postal Code: 91191
Nguyen, B.C., Mihalopoulos, N., and Belviso, S., Seasonal variation of atmospheric dimethylsulfide at Amsterdam island in the southern Indian Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem., 11, 123-143, 1990
Nguyen, B.C., N. Mihalopoulos, J.P. Putaud, A. Gaudry, L. Gallet, Covariations in Oceanic Dimethylsulfide, its Oxidation Products and Rain Acidity at Amsterdam Island in the Southern Indian Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem., ... 15, 39-53, 1992.
Putaud, J.P., N. Mihalopoulos, B.C., Nguyen, J.M. Campin, and S. Belviso, Seasonal Variations of Atmospheric Sulfur dioxide and dimethylsulfide concentrations at Amsterdam Island in the Southern Indian Ocean, J. Atmos Chem., 15, 117-131, 1992
Mihalopoulos, N., Putaud J.P., and Nguyen B.C.: Seasonal variation of methanesulfonic acid in precipitation at Amsterdam island in the southern Indian ocean. Atmos. Environ., 27A, 1909-1916,1993
Sciare, J., E. Baboukas, R. Hancy, N. Mihalopoulos, and B.C. Nguyen, Seasonal variation of dimethylsulfoxide in rainwater at Amsterdam Island in the Southern Ocean: implications on the biogenic sulfur cycle. J. Atmos. Chem., 30, 229-240, 1998.
Sciare, J., N. Mihalopoulos, and B. Nguyen, Summertime seawater concentrations of dimethylsulfide in the western Indian Ocean: Reconciliation of fluxes and spatial variability with long-term atmospheric observations. J. Atmos. Chem., 32, 357-373, 1999.
Sciare J. et Mihalopoulos N., A new technique for sampling and analysis of atmospheric dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), Atmos. Environ., 34, pages 151-156, 2000a.
Sciare J., Mihalopoulos N. et Dentener F.J., Interannual variability of atmospheric dimethylsulfide in the southern Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 105 (D21), 26369-26377, 2000b.
Sciare J., Kanakidou M. et Mihalopoulos N., Diurnal and seasonal variation of atmospheric dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) at Amsterdam Island in the southern Indian Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 105, pages 17257-17266, 2000c.
Sciare, J., N. Mihalopoulos, and E. Baboukas, 2000. Short-term variations of dimethylsulfide and its oxidation products at Amsterdam Island during summer time. J. Atmos. Chem., 39, 281-302, 2001
Baboukas. E, Sciare J. and Mihalopoulos N., 2002, Interannual variability of methanesulfonic acid in rainwaters at Amsterdam Island, Atmos. Environ., 36, 5131-5139.
Kniveton D.R., Todd M.C., Sciare J., and Mihalopoulos N., 2003, Variability of atmospheric dimethylsulphide over the southern Indian Ocean due to changes in ultraviolet radiation, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17(4), 1096.
Baboukas, E., Sciare J., and Mihalopoulos N., 2004, Spatial, temporal and Interannual variability of methanesulfonate and non-sea-salt sulfate in rainwater in the Southern Indian Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem., 48, 35-57.
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-08-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-12-04