Meteorological Observations and Climate Data from Moscow, Russia (1810-1937)Entry ID: NCL00087_88
Abstract: The climate data resides in 1 book, 'Meteoroligische Beobachtungen in Moskau
im Jahre' (C/db L685) written in German. The data contained in this book are
daily and monthly surface climatic data for Moscow, Russia from 1900 to 1909.
Daily variables for each month of the period incorporated in these data are the
following: mean maximum and minimum pressure, and mean and mean amplitude
variation of ... humidity. Monthly parameters for each month contained in these
data are: mean pressure, cloudiness, winds, snow, air and snow-level
temperature, temperature at different depths, sunshine hours and evaporation;
mean maximum and minimum air, soil, and snow level depth temperature and solar
radiation; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature, humidity, and 24
hour precipitation maximum; mean maximum and minimum temperature, humidity,
cloudiness, and precipitation; number of days of frost, clear skies, cloudy
skies, and partly cloudy skies, precipitation, precipitation of a certain
intensity, snow, hail, graupel, fog, haze, dew, ice, lightning, thunderstorms,
strong and calm winds, and rainbows; wind direction frequency; mean amplitude
variation of the temperature; amplitude mean of the temperature; and maximum
and minimum amplitude of the pressure, temperature, and humidity. Monthly
variables averaged over the period include: absolute maximum and minimum
pressure; number of clear, cloudy, and cloudless days; and maximum and minimum
amplitude of the pressure.
The hourly observations and additional climate data resides in 4 books,
'Observations Meteorolgiques Faites a l'Observatoire De L'Universite
Imperiale de Moscou' (C/db Ao-M) written in Russian and French; 'Meteorolgische
Beobachtungen ausgefuhrt am Meteorologischen Observatorium der
Landwirthschaftlichen Academie zu Moskau' (C/db Ao-Ml) written in German and
English; 'Bulletin de l'Observatoire Actimometrique et Meteorologique de
Moscou' (C/db Ao-Mo) written in Russian and French; and 'Observations Faites a
la Observatoire Meteorologique De L'Intitut Agronomique De Moscou' (C/db Ao-Ma)
written in Russian and English.
The data contained in these books are hourly surface observations and daily
and monthly surface climatic data for the period 1810 to 1911 and 1935 to
1937. Parameters included in the hourly observations are pressure, air,
soil, and snow surface temperature, humidity, cloudiness, wind direction
and speed, evaporation, vapor pressure, and solar radiation. Daily
variables for each month incorporated in these data are the following:
mean pressure, air and soil temperature, humidity, cloudiness, and vapor
pressure; maximum and minimum pressure, air and ground temperature, and
humidity; precipitation, evaporation, and sunshine totals; cloud speed and
direction; snow cover; ozone; duration of insolation; diffuse radiation;
and duration of precipitation. Monthly parameters contained in these data
for each month are: mean temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind speed
and direction; absolute maximum and minimum pressure, temperature,
humidity, and 24 hour precipitation amounts; number of days of maximum and
minimum temperature <0, clear skies, cloudy skies, precipitation, thunder,
sleet, snow, fog, and strong winds; and wind frequency. Monthly variables
averaged over the period are mean air temperature and temperature
variation. In addition, dates of earliest plant blooms are given.
These books are part of the foreign meteorological data collection held by
the NOAA Central Library in Washington, DC. Information in this collection
dates back to the 18th century for daily, monthly, seasonal, and annual
tabular summaries, and the 19th century for weather maps. These data are
the result of foreign exchange agreements, but the collection has not been
updated since 1983.
(Click for Interactive Map)
Start Date: 1810-01-01Stop Date: 1937-12-31
ISO Topic Category
Quality The indicator monitors both Sphagnum moss distribution and extent. In regards to extent, all Sphagnum moss beds on the island were mapped in 1992 (Whinam and Copson, unpubl. Data). Future surveys will document additions/deletions to those recorded in 1992.
23 monitoring sites have been established to measure the extent of Sphagnum moss. Changes in area can be calculated from field measurements. Data are held in Nature Conservation Branch, DPIWE.
Expansion in distribution and/or extent of Sphagnum moss is likely to be a response to changes in climatic regimes. Established sites will be monitored temporally.
Values provided in temporal coverage are approximate only.
Access Constraints These data are not yet publicly available.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Data Set Progress
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6233 6160
Fax: +61 3 6233 3477
Email: jenniew at dpiwe.tas.gov.au
Parks and Wildlife Service GPO Box 44A
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7001
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Australian Antarctic Division 203 Channel Highway
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Seppelt, R.D. (1984). Bryoflora of Macquarie Island. The Tasmanian Naturalist 78: 13-14.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2001-11-12
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-04-10