Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution
Entry ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_MRD

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Summary
Abstract: Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid identifying and characterizing the nature of multihazard risk at the global scale. For this study, multihazard considers the hazards posed by cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides and volcanoes. The specific hazards Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid identifying and characterizing the nature of multihazard risk at the global scale. For this study, multihazard considers the hazards posed by cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides and volcanoes. The specific hazards are grouped into the following hazard categories: drought (drought), seismic (earthquakes and volcanoes), and hydro (cyclones, floods, and landslides). Each grid cell is assessed for each hazard category; and is considered at high risk or not at high risk. Treated as a binary value, the at-risk values of the hazards categories function as a 3-digit index of multihazard. For each of the hazard category combinations, aggregate analyses determine the total population, area, and length of major transportation features, as well as, the value of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and agricultural GDP. This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank, and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).

The data in American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII) and dBASE (DBF) formats and a map in Portable Document Format (PDF) and Portable Network Graphics (PNG) formats are available from the NASA Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC).


Purpose: To identify areas of the world at multihazard mortality risk and to gain insight into the nature of this risk posed.

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Description: Maps in PDF and PNG formats.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 85.0 S: -58.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank
Dataset Title: Global Multihazard Mortality Risks and Distribution
Dataset Release Date: 2005
Dataset Release Place: Palisades, NY
Dataset Publisher: Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University
Version: 1.00
Data Presentation Form: raster, map
Online Resource: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-mortality...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2000-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-01-01


Location Keywords
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > EQUATORIAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > GLOBAL
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > MID-LATITUDE
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Latitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees
Longitude Resolution: 0.0417 Decimal degrees


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >CYCLONES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PHENOMENA >DROUGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION ANOMALIES    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >AVALANCHE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >AVALANCHE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >FLOODS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >LANDSLIDES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE OCCURRENCES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >EARTHQUAKES >EARTHQUAKE PREDICTIONS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >STRAIN    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >STRESS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >VOLCANIC ACTIVITY >ERUPTION DYNAMICS >LAVA COMPOSITION/TEXTURE    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >TECTONICS >PLATE TECTONICS >LITHOSPHERIC PLATE MOTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Project
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
NDH >Natural Disaster Hotspots    [Information]


Quality
The first step in creating a multihazard surface is to isolate those areas that are the most at-risk for mortality (deciles 8-10) for each of the hazards considered in the study (cyclones, droughts, earthquakes, floods, landslides, and volcanoes). Three categorical hazard surfaces representing the highest mortality risks are created from combinations of the single hazard surfaces. The hazard categories are as follows: drought: drought
seismic: earthquakes and volcanoes
hydro: cyclones, floods, and landslides
Each of the hazard category surfaces is binary. To produce the multihazard surface, each of the categorical surfaces is combined into a single surface. Each grid cell of the multihazard surface is attributed with information regarding its value in each of the hazard categories (items Drought3, Seismic3, and Hydro3). This sequence of values forms a unique class of multihazardness.
The population per grid cell is based on Gridded Population of the World, Version 3 (GPWv3). The area per grid cell, in square kilometers, is calculated by subtracting from the area of the grid cell those portions that are permanently inundated. Identification of permanently inundated areas utilizes VMAP(0) data. VMAP(0) data is also used to identify major roads and railroads.

Building upon a methodology proposed by Sachs et al. (2003), a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) value (US$, 2000, purchase power parity adjusted (PPP)) is estimated on a per grid cell basis. First, the contribution of subnational units to national GDP utilizing data of varied origin. The ratio of the subnational production to the national GDP is the contribution rate. To standardize across countries, these contribution rates are applied to published World Bank GDP estimates to determine GDP values of the subnational units.

The standardized, subnational GDP estimate is divided by the total population within the subnational unit to produce a spatially variable per capita GDP estimate.


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank hold the copyright of this dataset. Users are prohibited from any commercial, non-free resale, or redistribution without explicit written permission from CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank. Users should acknowledge CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank as the source used in the creation of any reports, publications, new datasets, derived products, or services resulting from the use of this dataset. CHRR, CIESIN, and The World Bank also request reprints of any publications and notification of any redistribution efforts.


Keywords
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Cyclones
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Area
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Preparedness
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Disaster Prevention
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Droughts
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Earthquakes
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Floods
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Hurricanes
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Natural Disasters
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Storms
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Typhoons
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Disasters > Volcanic Eruptions
CIESIN > Environmental Protection > Environmental Modeling > Disaster Modeling
CIESIN > Human and Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Global Population Estimates
CIESIN > Human and Environmental Health > Vital Statistics > Mortality
Disasters
Distribution
Geological Hazards
Hazards
Hotspots
Mortality
Mortality Distribution
Mortality risks
Risks
Weather Hazards
ESIP


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
SEDAC


Data Center
Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/
Dataset ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_MRD

Data Center Personnel
Name: SEDAC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 845-365-8920
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/wdc/
Dataset ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_MULTI_MRD

Data Center Personnel
Name: ROBERT CHEN
Phone: 1-845-365-8952
Fax: 1-845-365-8922
Email: bchen at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
WDC for Human Interactions in the Environment
CIESIN/Columbia University
P. O. Box 1000
61 Route 9W
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online FTP
Distribution_Format: ASCII
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online FTP
Distribution_Format: DBF
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online HTTP
Distribution_Format: PDF
Fees: 0

Distribution_Media: Online HTTP
Distribution_Format: PNG
Fees: 0


Personnel
SEDAC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 845-365-8920
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: ciesin.info at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


CIESIN METADATA ADMINISTRATION
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +1 845-365-8988
Fax: +1 845-365-8922
Email: metadata at ciesin.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
61 Route 9W, P.O. Box 1000
City: Palisades
Province or State: New York
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


Publications/References
Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network

(CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2005), Global Multihazard Frequency and Distribution, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-frequency...

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network

(CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2005), Global Multihazard Proportional Economic Loss Risk Deciles, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-proportio...

Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Center for International Earth Science Information Network

(CIESIN)/Columbia University, and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank (2005), Global Multihazard Total Economic Loss Risk Deciles, Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR)/Columbia University, Palisades, NY, http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/data/set/ndh-multihazard-total-eco...

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-10-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-02-14

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