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Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
Entry ID: NSIDC-0423

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Summary
Abstract: This data set comprises a 50-year record of daily extratropical cyclone statistics computed for the Northern Hemisphere. Cyclone locations and characteristics were obtained by applying the updated Serreze (1997) algorithm to daily Sea Level Pressure (SLP) data at six-hour intervals (Serreze and Barrett 2008). The SLP source data are part of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Reanalysis data set, an assimilation of various atmospheric data collected by a wide variety of sensors within a global weather model. The parameters included in this data set are the position and central pressure of each cyclone, the distance the center of the cyclone traveled, whether the observation represents a cyclogenesis or cyclolysis event, and the local Laplacian of SLP and Sea Level Pressure Tendency (SLPT) at each cyclone center. The total volume of this data set is approximately 150 megabytes. Data are provided in tab-delimited ASCII text format and are available via FTP.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: FTP


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: ARCSS Data


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: ARCSS Data


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Documentation


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Arctic Cyclone Track Data Set, 1966-1993


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 0.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Serreze, Mark.
Dataset Title: Northern Hemisphere Cyclone Locations and Characteristics from NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
Dataset Series Name: NSIDC-0423
Dataset Release Date: 2009-11-19
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 1
Dataset DOI: doi:10.5067/XEPCLZKPAJBK
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/NSIDC-0423


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1958-01-01
Stop Date: 2008-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > NORTHERN HEMISPHERE


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: 6 hour


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >ANTICYCLONES/CYCLONES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >PRESSURE TENDENCY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
DMSP >Defense Meteorological Satellite Program    [Information]
ICESAT >Ice, Cloud and Land Elevation Satellite    [Information]
MODELS
NOAA-4 >National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration-4    [Information]
SATELLITES    [Information]


Instrument
Altimeters    [Information]
AWS >Automated Weather System    [Information]
BAROMETERS    [Information]
CEILOMETERS    [Information]
DRIFTING BUOYS    [Information]
DRY BULB THERMOMETERS    [Information]
HIRS >High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder    [Information]
HUMIDITY SENSORS    [Information]
HYGROMETERS    [Information]
MSU >Microwave Sounding Unit    [Information]
PRESSURE SENSORS
RADAR >Radio Detection and Ranging    [Information]
RADIOSONDES    [Information]
RAIN GAUGES    [Information]
RAWINSONDES    [Information]
SIRS >Satellite Infrared Spectrometer    [Information]
SOIL TEMPERATURE PROBE    [Information]
SOUNDERS    [Information]
SSM/I >Special Sensor Microwave/Imager    [Information]
SSU >Stratospheric Sounding Unit    [Information]
TEMPERATURE SENSORS    [Information]
Thermometers    [Information]
VISUAL OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
VTPR >Vertical Temperature Profile Radiometer    [Information]
WAVE HEIGHT GAUGES    [Information]
WET BULB THERMOMETERS    [Information]
XBT >Expendable Bathythermographs    [Information]


Project
ESIP >Earth Science Information Partners Program    [Information]
EOSDIS >Earth Observing System Data Information System    [Information]


Keywords
Arctic
Arctic Ocean
Cyclogenesis
Cyclolysis
Cyclones
Laplacian Pressure
NCEP/NCAR Reanalysis Data
NSIDC DAAC
NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Pressure
Pressure Tendency
Sea Level Pressure


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NASA NSIDC DAAC


Data Center
NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/daac/index.html

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC DAAC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 150 MB
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text (.txt)


Personnel
MARK C. SERREZE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303) 492-6199
Fax: (303) 492-2468
Email: serreze at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Armstrong, R. L., and M. J. Brodzik. 1995. An Earth-Gridded SSM/I Data Set for Cryospheric Studies and Global Change Monitoring. Advances in Space Research 16: 155-63. Kalnay, E., M. Kanamitsu, R. Kistler, W. Collins, D. Deaven, L. Gandin, M. Iredell, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, Y. Zhu, A. Leetmaa, R. Reynolds, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, W. Higgins, J. Janowiak, K. Mo, C. Ropelewski, J. Wang, R. Jenne, and D. Joseph. 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 77, 437–471. Kistler, R., E. Kalnay, W. Collins, S. Saha, G. White, J. Woollen, M. Chelliah, W. Ebisuzaki, M. Kanamitsu, V. Kousky, H. van den Dool, R. Jenne, and M. Fiorino. 2001. The NCEP-NCAR 50-Year Reanalysis: Monthly Means CD-ROM and Documentation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 82, 247-268. doi: 10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<0247:TNNYRM>2.3.CO;2. Krasnopolsky, V. M., L. C. Breaker, and W. H. Gemmill. 1995. A Neural Network as a Nonlinear Transfer Function Model for Retrieving Surface Wind Speeds from the Special Sensor Microwave Imager. Journal of Geophysical Research, 100(C6), 11,033–11,045. PDF Serreze, M. C., and A. P. Barrett. 2008. The Summer Cyclone Maximum over the Central Arctic Ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 1048–1065. doi: 10.1175/2007JCLI1810.1. Serreze, M. C., A. H. Lynch, and M. P. Clark. 2001. The Arctic Frontal Zone as Seen in the NCEP–NCAR Reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 14, 1550–1567. doi: <1550:TAFZAS>2.0.CO;2. Serreze, M. C., F. Carse, R. G. Barry, and J. C. Rogers. 1997. Icelandic Low Cyclone Activity: Climatological Features, Linkages with the NAO, and Relationships with Recent Changes in the Northern Hemisphere Circulation. Journal of Climate, 10, 453–464. doi: 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0453:ILCACF>2.0.CO;2. Serreze, M. C. 1995. Climatological Aspects of Cyclone Development and Decay in the Arctic..ATMOSPHERIC-OCEAN 33 (1), 1-23. PDF Tsukernik, M., D. N. Kindig, and M. C. Serreze. 2007. Characteristics of Winter Cyclone Activity in the Northern North Atlantic: Insights from Observations and Regional Modeling. Journal of Geophysical Research 112(d3): D03101, doi:10.1029/2006JD007184.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-11-19
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27

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