ERA40 T85 Monthly Mean Surface Analysis and Surface Forecast Fields, created at NCAR
Entry ID: NCAR_DS126.0

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Summary
Abstract: DS126.0 represents a dataset implemented and computed by NCAR's Data Support Section, and forms an essential part of efforts undertaken in late 2004, early 2005, to produce an archive of selected segments of ERA-40 on a standard transformation grid. In this case, forty seven ERA-40 monthly mean surface and single level analysis variables were transformed from a reduced N80 Gaussian grid to a 256 by 128 regular Gaussian grid. All fields were transformed using routines from the ECMWF EMOS library, including 10 meter winds which were treated as scalars because of a lack of 10 meter spectral vorticity and divergence. A missing value occurs in the sea surface temperature and sea ice fields to mask grid points occurring over land. Fields formerly archived as whole integers, such as vegetation indices and cloud cover, occur as integers plus a fractional part in the T85 version due to interpolation. Twenty seven ERA-40 monthly mean surface and single level 6-hour forecast variables were transformed from a reduced N80 Gaussian grid to a 256 by 128 regular Gaussian grid. Four of the variables are "instantaneous" variables, and the remaining twenty three variables are "accumulated" over the 6-hour forecast time. Divide the accumulated variables by 21600 seconds to obtain instantaneous values. (Multiplication by minus one may also be necessary to match the sign convention one is accustomed to.) All fields were transformed using routines from the ECMWF EMOS library, including three pairs of stresses which were treated as scalars because of a lack of spectral precursors. In addition, all corresponding 00Z, 06Z, 12Z, and 18Z monthly mean surface and single level analysis variables and 6-hour forecast variables were also transformed to a T85 Gaussian grid. All forecast variables are valid 6 hours after the forecast was initiated. Thus, 00Z 6-hour forecast evaporation is valid at 06Z. Divide the accumulated variables by 21600 seconds to obtain instantaneous values. (Multiplication by minus one may also be necessary to match the sign convention one is to.) The choice of a T85 Gaussian grid was based on considerations of limiting the volume of new data generated to a moderate level, and to match the horizontal resolution of the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) [http://www.cesm.ucar.edu/models/atm-cam/] component of NCAR's Community Climate System Model (CCSM). The ERA-Interim data from ECMWF is an update to the ERA-40 project. The ERA-Interim data starts in 1989 and has a higher horizontal resolution (T255, N128 nominally 0.703125 degrees) than the ERA-40 data (T159, N80 nominally 1.125 degrees). ERA-Interim is based on a more current model than ERA-40 and uses 4DVAR (as opposed to 3DVAR in ERA-40). ECMWF will continue to run the ERA-Interim model in near real time through at least 2010, and possibly longer. This data is available in ds627.0 [http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds627.0/].

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: ECMWF's Climate Research web site


Geographic Coverage
 N: 88.928 S: -88.928  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: UCAR/NCAR/CISL/DSS > Data Support Section, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Dataset Title: ERA40 T85 Monthly Mean Surface Analysis and Surface Forecast Fields, created at NCAR
Dataset Publisher: UCAR/NCAR/CISL/DSS > Data Support Section, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
Online Resource: http://rda.ucar.edu/datasets/ds126.0/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1957-09-01
Stop Date: 2002-08-31


Science Keywords
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DENSITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >ALBEDO    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION COVER    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION SPECIES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >DEW POINT TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AIR QUALITY >TROPOSPHERIC OZONE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >PRECIPITABLE WATER    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW/ICE TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TERRAIN ELEVATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >SURFACE ROUGHNESS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE RADIATIVE PROPERTIES >ALBEDO    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SURFACE THERMAL PROPERTIES >SKIN TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE EXTENT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >PRECIPITATION AMOUNT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SOLID PRECIPITATION >SNOW    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >HEAT FLUX    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ALTITUDE >PLANETARY BOUNDARY LAYER HEIGHT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SHORTWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >OUTGOING LONGWAVE RADIATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >WIND STRESS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >EVAPORATION    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE >GRAVITY WAVE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RUNOFF    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW MELT    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >CLOUDS >CLOUD PROPERTIES >CLOUD FREQUENCY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Project
ERA40 >ECMWF ERA40 Reanalysis Project    [Information]


Access Constraints
We are allowed to distribute this data to US scientists, scientists visiting US organizations, and Canadian scientists affiliated with UCAR member organizations only.


Use Constraints
The data can be used for non-commercial research only.


Keywords
MODELS
ERA40DAS > ERA40 Data Assimilation System


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Research Data Archive, Computational and Information Systems Laboratory, National Center for Atmospheric Research, University Corporation for Atmospheric Research    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://rda.ucar.edu/
Dataset ID: 126.0

Data Center Personnel
Name: RDA HELP DESK
Phone: (303)-497-1231
Fax: (303)-497-1291
Email: rdahelp at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
CISL/DSS
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: U.S.A.



Distribution
Distribution_Size: 12.942 Gbytes

Distribution_Format: GRIB1 > GRIdded Binary form, Edition 1


Personnel
DAVE STEPANIAK
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (303)-497-1343
Fax: (303)-497-1291
Email: davestep at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
CISL/DSS
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: U.S.A.


BOB DATTORE
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (303)-497-1825
Fax: (303)-497-1291
Email: dattore at ucar.edu
Contact Address:
National Center for Atmospheric Research
CISL/DSS
P.O. Box 3000
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80307
Country: U.S.A.



Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2015-03-05

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Link to Web Site