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International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)
Entry ID: gov.noaa.ncdc.C00606

Abstract: International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) consists of digital data set DSI-1173, archived at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). ICOADS is the world's largest collection of marine surface in situ observations with 185+ million records for 1784 through the present. ICOADS is developed and maintained as a cooperative effort between NSF's National Center for Atmospheric ... View entire text

Purpose: Historical marine data are comprised of ship, buoy, and platform observations from 1662-present. Data values are delayed by one month. In addition to location, ship identification, ship speed, and ship direction, weather elements observed include: wind direction and speed, visibility, present and past weather, sea level pressure, dry bulb, wet bulb, and dew point temperatures, sea surface temperature, cloud data, wave data, and ice accretion.
Related URL
Description: ICOADS Dataset Homepage
Informational resources for the ICOADS dataset.
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Multimedia Sample
Small multimedia sample image
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Description:  ICOADS Logo

Geographic Coverage
Spatial coordinates   
  N: 90.0   S: -90.0   E: 180.0   W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCDC > National Climatic Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Dataset Title: International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)
Dataset Release Date: 2009-05
Version: Release 2.5 (includes preliminary data)
Data Presentation Form: tableDigital
Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1662-01-01
ISO Topic Category
Use Constraints Cite this dataset when used as a source.

NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NCEI makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Ancillary Keywords
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Data Set Progress
Data Center
National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce Supplemental Info
Data Center URL:

Data Center Personnel
Phone: +1 828-271-4800
Fax: +1 828-271-4876
Email: ncdc.orders at
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue
Federal Building, Room 468
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: 28801-5001
Country: USA
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Distribution Format: CSV
Fees: See Extended Metadata for fee information
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Phone: +1 (828) 271-4800
Fax: +1 (828) 271-4876
Email: ncdc.metadata at
Contact Address:
151 Patton Avenue
City: Asheville
Province or State: NC
Postal Code: USA
Country: 28801-5001
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Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2016-01-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-02-02

Link to Web Site