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Global Drought Hazard Frequency and Distribution
Entry ID: CIESIN_CHRR_NDH_DROUGHT_HFD


Summary
Abstract: Global Drought Hazard Frequency and Distribution is a 2.5 minute grid based upon the International Research Institute for Climate Prediction's (IRI)

Weighted Anomaly of Standardized Precipitation (WASP). Utilizing average monthly precipitation data from 1980 through 2000 at a resolution of 2.5 degrees, WASP assesses the precipitation

deficit or surplus over a three month temporal window that is weighted by the magnitude of the seasonal cyclic variation in precipitation. The three months' averages are derived from the

precipitation data and the median rainfall for the 21 year period is calculated for each grid cell. Grid cells where the three month running average of precipitation is less than 1 mm per

day ae excluded. Drought events are identified when the magnitude of a monthly precipitation deficit is less than or equal to 50 percent of its longterm median value for three or more

consecutive months. Grid cells are then divided into 10 classes having an approximately equal number of grid cells. Higher grid cell values denote higher frequencies of drought occurrences.

This dataset is the result of collaboration among the Columbia University Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), Columbia University International Research Institute for Climate

Prediction (IRI), and Columbia University Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN).


Purpose: To provide a means of assessing the relative distribution and frequency of global drought hazard.

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Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -55.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Version: 1.0


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1980-01-01
Stop Date: 2000-12-31


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >WATER MANAGEMENT    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >DROUGHTS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SUSTAINABILITY >ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Project
NDH >Natural Disaster Hotspots    [Information]



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2013-02-07
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27



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