Meteorological Data from the Oklahoma MesonetworkEntry ID: OKLAHOMA_MESONET
The Oklahoma Mesonetwork is a network of over 110 automated environmental monitoring stations operated jointly by Oklahoma State University and The University of Oklahoma. At least one site is located in each of Oklahoma's 77 counties. The average spacing between stations is approximately 32 km. The network collects data at 5-minute intervals with 5-minute resolution, ... 24-hours per day. Data are recorded at each site and relayed to a base-station computer via radio telemetry.
The following parameters are measured: Air Temperature (1.5 and 9.0 meters), Relative Humidity (1.5 meters), Wind Speed/Direction (10 meters), Wind Speed (2 meters), Barometric Pressure (0.75 meters), Rainfall via tipping bucket (surface), Solar Radiation (1.8 meters), Soil Temperature bare soil (5 and 10 cm) and sod (5, 10, and 30 cm), and Soil Moisture (5, 25, and 60 cm).
The network was developed to adhere as closely to WMO guidelines as possible. Therefore, Mesonet acts as both a real-time observation network and a research-quality archive. Dataloggers can store up to 30 days of data, allowing for retrieval of data 'lost' during communications failures. The archive data set contains nearly 100% of possible observations since Mesonet was commissioned in March, 1994.
Data are available upon request to the Oklahoma Climatological Survey. The network was developed under a grant from the Oklahoma Department of Energy and is supported through a combination of state, federal, and private funding.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Oklahoma Climatological Survey
Dataset Title: Meteorological Data from the Oklahoma MesonetworkOnline Resource: http://www.mesonet.org/
Start Date: 1994-01-01
Temporal Resolution: 5 minute
Temporal Resolution Range: 1 minute - < 1 hour
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR > WATER VAPOR > RELATIVE HUMIDITY
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > LIQUID PRECIPITATION > RAIN
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION > SOLAR RADIATION
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL DEPTH
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > SOIL TEMPERATURE
Quality The Mesonet's quality assurance system consists of 5 components: (1) Lab Calibration, (2) Automated Software, (3) Manual Inspection, (4) In-Field Comparisons, and (5) Routine Maintenance. During Lab Calibration, each sensor is tested or calibrated before deployment to a remote site. When a sensor reaches its rotation interval, it is returned from the field and re-calibrated. This provides an ... accurate calibration history for each sensor. The Mesonet's custom Automated Software provides an efficient means to sift through the nearly 1 million observations collected each day. Any observation that has failed an automated test is manually inspected by full-time Quality Assurance Meteorologists. The QA Meteorologists also employ numerous manual methods to inspect and quality assure the data. For In-Field Comparisons, reference sensors are taken to each remote station to test how the site's temperature, relative humidity, pressure, rainfall, and solar radiation sensors are performing. Lastly, for Routine Maintenance, each station is visited, at a minimum, each Spring, Summer, and Fall to clean/test sensors and to maintain site vegetation.
QA flags are stratified (0="good", 1="suspect", 2="warning", and 3="failure") so that users can decide the level of QA they prefer.
Access Constraints Real-time data and products are available free at http://www.mesonet.org/. For special data requests, please see http://www.mesonet.org/index.php/site/about/data_access_and_pricing or contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
Distribution Media: Online (HTTP)
Fees: Contact Oklahoma Climatological Survey
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Email: info at mesonet.org
University of Oklahoma Oklahoma Climatological Survey 120 David L. Boren Blvd., Suite 2900
Province or State: OK
Postal Code: 73072
Brock, F.V., Crawford, K.C., Elliott, R.L., Cuperus, G.W.,
Stadler, S.J., Johnson, H.L., and Eilts, M.D. 1995. The Oklahoma
Mesonet: A Technical Overview. Journal of Atmospheric and
Oceanic Technology 12:5-19.
Elliott, R.L., Brock, F.V., Stone, M.L., and Harp, S.L. 1994.
Configuration Decisions for an Automated Weather Station
Network. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 10:45-51.
Fiebrich, C.A., and K.C. Crawford. 2001. The Impact of Unique
Meteorological Phenomena Detected by the Oklahoma Mesonet and ARS
Micronet on Automated Quality Control. Bulletin of the American
Meteorological Society 82(10):2173-2187.
Fiebrich, C.A., D.L. Grimsley, R.A. McPherson, K.A. Kesler, and
G.R. Essenberg. 2006. The Value of Routine Site Visits in Managing
and Maintaining Quality Data from the Oklahoma Mesonet. Journal
of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology: Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 406416.
Shafer, M.A., C.A. Fiebrich, D. Arndt, S.E. Fredrickson, T.W. Hughes.
2000. Quality Assurance Procedures in the Oklahoma
Meso network. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 17(4):474-494; American Meterological Society.
McPherson, R. A., C. Fiebrich, K. C. Crawford, R. L. Elliott, J. R. Kilby, D. L. Grimsley, J. E. Martinez, and Coauthors, 2007: Statewide monitoring of the mesoscale environment: A technical update on the Oklahoma Mesonet. J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 24, 301-321.
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27