Biology of lichen communities in Antarctica.
Entry ID: CNDA-ESP_LIQ_PAD

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Summary
Abstract: In English:

This dataset contains information on the registered data on studies of the
biology of lichen communities in Antarctica. This dataset is also the parent
record for the following metadata records:

-Ecophysiological and floristic study of the lichen communities in Livingston
Island. ["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT89-0804-E_LIQ_01"].

-The biology of lichen communities in Livingston Island
(Antarctica).["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT92-0016-E_LIQ_02"].

-Lichen study in the South Shetland
Islands.["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT93-0011-E_LIQ_03" ]

-Study of nitrogen fixation, photosynthesis and lichenic recolonisation in the
Antarctic
tundra.["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT90-1117-E_LIQ_04" ]

-Adaptive strategies of lichen species to cold environments: Antarctic and
Mediterranean high
mountains. ["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT94-0905_LIQ_05" ]

-Photosynthesis and water relationships of Antarctic nanofruticolose
lichens.["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT94-0907-E_LIQ_06"]

-Photosynthetic organisms response to maritime and continental Antarctica
environmental
conditions.["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT99-0680_LIQ_07" ]

En Espanol:

Este dataset contiene informacion sobre los datos registrados en el estudio de
la biologia de las comunidades liquenicas en la Antartida. Este dataset es
tambien el registro-padre de las siguientes fichas de metadatos:

-Estudio ecofisiologico y floristico de las comunidades liquenicas en la Isla
Livingston. ["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT89-0804-E_LIQ_01"].

-Biologia de las comunidades liquenicas de la Isla Livingston (Antartida).
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT90-1117-E_LIQ_04"]

-Estudio liquenico en las Islas Shetland del Sur
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT92-0016-E_LIQ_02"].

-Estudio sobre la fijacion de nitrogeno, fotosintesis y reconolizacion
liquenica en la tundra antartica.
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT93-0011-E_LIQ_03" ]

-Estrategias adaptativas de especies liquenicas a ambientes frios: Antartida,
alta montana mediterranea.
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT94-0905_LIQ_05" ]

-Fotosintesis y relaciones hidricas en liquenes nanofruticulosos antarticos.
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT94-0907-E_LIQ_06"]

-Respuesta de los organismos fotosintetizadores a las condiciones
medioambientales de la Antartida maritima y la Antartida continental.
["http://gcmd.nasa.gov/getdif.htm?CNDA-ESP_ANT99-0680_LIQ_07"]

This data set description is a member of a collection. Click to see members of this collection.

Geographic Coverage
 N: -63.0 S: -63.0  E: -60.0  W: -60.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1992-02-15
Stop Date: 1992-02-25

Start Date: 1991-01-01
Stop Date: 1991-02-28

Start Date: 1993-01-08
Stop Date: 1993-01-27

Start Date: 1995-02-09
Stop Date: 1995-02-09

Start Date: 1995-12-10
Stop Date: 1996-01-15

Start Date: 1996-01-01
Stop Date: 1997-01-01

Start Date: 1994-01-18
Stop Date: 1994-01-29

Start Date: 2001-01-17
Stop Date: 2001-01-17


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > Antarctic Peninsula > Scotia Sea > South Shetland Islands > Livingston Island
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >ALPINE/TUNDRA    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >CHLOROPHYLL    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >NITROGEN    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >NUTRIENTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >VEGETATION SPECIES    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOCHEMISTRY >GEOCHEMICAL PROCESSES >CHEMICAL FIXATION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >GEOCHEMISTRY >GEOCHEMICAL PROCESSES >HYDRATION    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PROTISTS >DIATOMS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS >ALGAE    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS >MOSSES/HORNWORTS/LIVERWORTS    [Definition]
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >PLANTS >MICROALGAE >DIATOMS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >FUNGI >LICHENS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >SPECIES COMPETITION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >SYMBIOSIS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >EVOLUTIONARY ADAPTATION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >MIGRATORY RATES/ROUTES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >SPECIES/POPULATION INTERACTIONS >POPULATION DYNAMICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >PLANT SUCCESSION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >PHOTOSYNTHESIS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >PRIMARY PRODUCTION    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >RESPIRATION RATE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY STRUCTURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Platform
OBSERVATORIES    [Information]


Instrument
HPLC >High-Performance Liquid Chromatograph    [Information]
IRGA >Infrared Gas Analyzers    [Information]
LICOR GAS EXCHANGE SYSTEM    [Information]
POROMETER    [Information]
TEMPERATURE PROBES    [Information]
BALANCE    [Information]
SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPES    [Information]
PAR SENSORS >Photosynthetically Active Radiation Sensors
THIR >Temperature-Humidity Infrared Radiometer    [Information]
VISUAL OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
PAM >PORTABLE FLUORESCENCE ANALYZERS    [Information]


Keywords
LICHEN COMMUNITIES
FLORISTIC STUDY
DISTRIBUTION MAP
ANTARCTIC ENVIRONMENT
PHOTOSYNTHETIC RATE
LICHENOUS BIOTOPES
NITROGEN FIXATION
ENZYMATIC ACTIVITY
MICROCLIMATIC STUDY
RECOLONISATION
MACROLICHEN
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
RESPIRATION
MICROHABITAT
LICHENOMETRY
FLUORESCENCE
ECOPHYSIOLOGY
PHOTOINHIBITION
COLONIZATION
SYMBIOSIS
NUTRIENTS
TUNDRA
MARITIME ANTARCTIC
WATER RELATIONS
HYDRATA/DEHYDRATATION
MOSS
BIODIVERSITY
TAXONOMY
VASCULAR PLANTS
MESOCLIMATE
MICROCLIMATE
PHOTOSYNTHETIC PHOTON FLUX DENSITY


Data Center
Faculty of Biology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ucm.es/info/biologia

Data Center Personnel
Name: LEO SANCHO
Email: sancholg at farm.ucm.es
Contact Address:
Departmento de Biologia Vegetal II
Facultad de Farmacia
Universidad omplutense
City: Madrid
Postal Code: 28040
Country: SPAIN



Distribution
Distribution_Media: CD-ROM;DAT
Distribution_Format: ASCII;BINARY


Personnel
ANTONIO BARRAGAN SANABRIA
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +34913495731
Fax: +34913495929
Email: a.barragan at igme.es
Contact Address:
Centro Nacional de Datos Antarticos
Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espana
c/Rios Rosas 23
City: Madrid
Postal Code: 28003
Country: SPAIN


LEO SANCHO
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: sancholg at farm.ucm.es
Contact Address:
Departmento de Biologia Vegetal II
Facultad de Farmacia
Universidad omplutense
City: Madrid
Postal Code: 28040
Country: SPAIN


Publications/References
Kappen, L., Schroeter, B. & Sancho, L.G. (1990) Carbon dioxide exange of
Antarctic crustose lichens in situ measured with a CO2/H2O porometer. Oecologia
82:311-316.

Kappen, L., Schroeter, B. & Sancho L.G. (1990) Investigaciones ecofisiologicas
en liquenes antarticos. Primeros datos sobre la actividad fotosintetica de
liquenes crustaceos “in situ”. III Simposium Español de Estudios Antarticos
100-104.

Sancho, L.G., Kappen, L. & Schroeter, B. (1990) Primeros datos sobre la flora y
vegetacion de Isla Livingston (Islas Shetland del Sur, Antartida). III
Simposium Español de Estudios Antarticos 94-99.

Schroeter, B., Kappen, L. & Sancho, L.G. (1990) Microclima y fotosintesis neta
de Usnea antarctica a partir de mediciones realizadas “in situ” en Isla
Livingston (Islas Shetland del Sur, Antartida). III Simposium Español de
Estudios Antarticos 105-111.

Ascaso, C., Sancho, L.G. & Rodriguez-Pascual, C. (1990) The weathering action
of saxicolous lichens in maritime Antarctica. Polar Biology 11:33-39.

Sancho, L.G. & Sojo, F. (1991) Adiciones al catalogo floristico liquenico de
Isla Livingston. Actas del IV Simposio Nacional de Estudios Antarticos 245-250.

Sancho, L.G., Kappen L. & Schroeter, B. (1992) The lichen genus Umbilicaria on
Livingston Island (Antarctica). Antarctic Science 4 (2): 189-196.

Sancho, L.G. & Valladares, F. (1993) Lichen colonization of recent moraines in
Livingston Island (South Shetland, Antarctica). Polar Biology 13: 227-233.

Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (1993) Biologia de las comunidades liquenicas de
los posaderos rocosos de aves en el Sistema Central español. Rivasgodaya 7:
5-68.

Ott, S. & Sancho, L.G. (1993) Morphology and anatomy of Caloplaca coralligera
(Teloschistaceae) as adaptation to extreme environmental conditions in the
maritime Antarctic. Plant Systematics and Evolution 185: 123-132.

Sojo, F., Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (1993) Variabilidad estructural y
ecofisiologica ligada al microhabitat en el liquen antartico Catillaria
corymbosa. Actas del V Simposio de Estudios Antarticos, CICYT, 71-76.

Valladares, F., Serey, I. & Sancho, L.G. (1993) Recolonizacion brioliquenica de
areas proximas a un glaciar en Isla Robert (Shetland del Sur, Antartida). Actas
del V Simposio de Estudios Antarticos, CICYT, 77-84.

Sanchez-Hoyos, A., Ascaso, C., Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (1993) Efectos de
largos periodos de congelacion en el contenido en pigmentos y la
ultraestructura del fotobionte de liquenes antarticos. Actas del V Simposio de
Estudios Antarticos, CICYT, 85-90.

Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (1995) Lichen colonization and recolonization of
two recently deglaciated zones in the Maritime Antarctic. Lichenologist 27 (6):
485-493

Schroeter, B. & Sancho, L.G. (1996) Lichens growing on glass. Lichenologist 28
(4): 385-390.

Sancho, L.G., Pintado, A., Valladares, F., Schroeter, B. & Schlensog, M. (1997)
Comportamiento fotosintetico de liquenes cosmopolitas en la Antartida maritima.
Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural (Sec. Biol.) 93:
113-118.

Schlensog, M., Schroeter, B., Sancho, L.G., Pintado, A. & Kappen, L. (1997)
Photosynthetic performance of the cyanobacterial lichen Leptogium puberulum Hue
(Collemataceae) in the maritime Antarctica. Boletin de la Real Sociedad
Española de Historia Natural (Sec. Biol.) 93: 105-111.

Valladares, F., Sancho, L.G., Chico, J.M. & Manrique, E. (1997) Diferencias en
la utilizacion fotosintetica de radiaciones luminicas elevadas por liquenes y
plantas vasculares en la Antartida maritima. Boletin de la Real Sociedad
Española de Historia Natural (Sec. Biol.) 93: 119-125.

Sojo, F., Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (1997) Structural and Physiological
Plasticity of the Lichen Catillaria corymbosa in Different Microhabitats of the
Maritime Antarctica The Bryologist 100 (2): 171-179.

Sancho, L.G., Pintado, A., Valladares, F., Schroeter, B. & Schlensog, M. (1997)
Photosynthetic performance of cosmopolitan lichens in the maritime Antarctic.
Bibliotheca Lichenologica 67: 197-211

Schlensog, M., Schroeter, B., Sancho, L.G., Pintado, A. & Kappen, L. (1997)
Effects of strong irradiance to the photosynthetic performance of the melt
water dependent cyanobacterial lichen Leptogium puberulum (Collemaceae) Hue
from the maritime Antarctic. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 67: 235-247.

Valladares, F., Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (1998) Water Storage in the Lichen
Family Umbilicariaceae. Botanica Acta 11: 99-107.

Sancho, L.G., Schroeter, B. & Valladares, F. (1998) Umbilicaria kappeni a new
lichen species from Antarctica with multiple mechanisms for the simultaneous
dispersal of both symbionts. Nova Hedwigia 67: 279-288.

Sancho, L.G., Schulz, F. & Schroeter, B. & Kappen, L. (1999) Bryophyte and
lichen flora of South Bay (Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands,
Antarctica). Nova Hedwigia. 68: 301-337.

Del-Prado, R. & Sancho, L.G. (2000) Water relations and photosynthetic
performance of fruticose lichens from the semi-arid southeast of Spain. Flora.
195: 51-60.

Valladares, F. & Sancho, L.G. (2000) The relevance of nutrient availability for
lichen productivity in the maritime Antarctic. Bibliotheca Lichenologica. 75:
189-200.

Pintado, A., Sancho, L.G. & Valladares, F. (2001) The influence of microclimate
on the composition of lichen communities along an altitudinal gradient in the
maritime Antarctic. Symbiosis, 31: 69-84.

Sancho, L.G. (2001) Ecophysiology of oromediterranean lichens. Functional and
morphological adaptations of of lichens from the Spanish mediterranean
mountains. Noticiario della Società Lichenologica Italiana. 14: 37-45.

De los Rios, A., Wierzchos, J., Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (2001) Combination of
different microscopy techniques for the integrated study of extremophile
endolithic microorganisms and their habitats. Proc. First European Workshop on
Exo- / Astro-Biology.

Crespo, A., Molina M.C., Sancho, L.G., Schroeter, B. & Hawksworth, D. (2002) A
pole to pole within the cosmopolitan lichens Parmelia saxatilis revealed by
rDNA ITS secuence analysis and its evolutionary significance. Mycological
Research 106:788-795.

Sancho, L.G. (2002) Lichens of Antarctica and South Georgia by D.O. Ovstedal &
R.I. Lewis Smith. Book Review. Mycotaxon 82: 482-483.

De los Rios, A., Wierzchos, J., Sancho, L.G., Grube, M & Ascaso, C. (2002)
Microbial endolithic biofilms: A means of surviving the harsh conditions of the
Antarctic. Proceedings of the Second European Workshop on Exo/Astrobiology,
Graz, Austria, 219-22.

Palmqvist, K., Dahlman, L., Valladares, F., Tehler, A., Sancho, L.G. &
Mattsson, J.-E. (2002). A broad scale comparison of CO2 exchange processes and
thallus nitrogen statuses across 74 lichen species of contrasting
photosynthetic partners, habitats and morphologies. Oecologia 133: 295-306.

Sancho, L.G., Pintado, A., Green, T.G.A., Panewitz, S. & Schroeter, B. (2003)
Photosynthetic and morphological variation within and among populations of the
antarctic lichen Umbilicaria aprina: Implications of the thallus size.
Bibliotheca Lichenologica 86: 299-311.

Ascaso, C, Souza-Egipsy, V. & Sancho, L.G. (2003) Locating water in the
dehydrated thallus of lichens from extreme microhabitats (Antarctica).
Bibliotheca Lichenologica 86: 215-223.

Panewitz, S., Schlensog, M., Green, T.G.A., Sancho, L.G. & Schroeter, B. (2003)
Are lichens active under snow in continental Antarctica?. Oecologia 135: 30-

Wierzchos, J., Ascaso, C., Sancho, L.G. & Green, A. (2003) Iron-rich diagenetic
minerals are biomarkers of microbial activity in Antarctic rocks.
Geomicrobiological Journal 20: 15-24.

De los Rios, A., Wierzchos, J., Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (2003) Acid
microenvironments in microbial biofilms of antarctic endolithic
microecosystems. Environmental Microbiology 5: 231-237.

Wirtz, N., Lumbsch, H.T., Schroeter, B., Green, A., Türk, R., Pintado, A.,
Sancho. L.G. & Schroeter, B. (2003) Lichen fungi have low cyanobiont
selectivity in maritime Antarctica. New Phytologist 160: 177-183.

Soechting, U., Oevstedal, D.G. & Sancho, L.G. (2004) The lichens of Hurd
Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. Bibliotheca
Lichenologica 88: 607-658.

Sancho, L.G. & Pintado, A. (2004) Evidence of high annual growth rate for
Antarctic lichens. Polar Biology 27: 132-317.

Wierzchos, J, de los Rios, A., Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (2004) Viability of
endolithic micro-organisms in rocks from the McMurdo Dry Valleys of Antarctica
established by confocal and fluorescens microscopy. Journal of Microscopy 216:
57-

De los Rios, A, Wierzchos, J, Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (2004) Exploring the
physiological state of continental Antarctic endolithic microorganisms by
microscopy. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 50: 143-152.

De los Rios, A, Sancho, L.G., Grube, M., Wierzchos, J, & Ascaso, C. (2005)
Endolithic growth of two Lecidea lichens in granite from continental Antarctica
detected by molecular and microscopy techniques. New Phytologist 165: 181-190.

Wierzchos, J, Sancho, L.G. & Ascaso, C. (2005) Biomineralisation of endolithic
microbes in rocks from the Antarctic Ross desert: implications for microbial
fossil formation and their detection. Environmental Microbiology 7: 566-575.

Pannewitz, S., Maysek, K., Schlensog, M., Seppelt, R. & Sancho, L.G, Türk, R &
Schroeter, B. (2005) The photosynthetic response of Bryophytes to CO2
concentration, PPFD, temperature and water content measured at coastal sites,
Ross Sea, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 17: 341-352.

Green, A., Kulle, D., Pannewitz, S., Sancho, L.G. & Schroeter, B. (2005) UV
protection in mosses growing in continental Antarctic. Polar Biology 28:
822-827.

De los Rios, A., Wierzchos, J, Sancho, L.G., Green, A. & Ascaso, C. (2005)
Ecology of endolithic lichens colonizing granite in continental Antarctica.
Lichenologist 37: 383-395.

Pannewitz, S., Green, A., Schlensog, M., Seppelt, R. & Sancho, L.G. (2006)
Photosynthetic performance of Xanthoria mawsonii Dodge in coastal habitats,
Ross Sea region, continental Antarctica. Lichenologist 38: 67-81.

Wirtz, N., Printzen, Ch., Sancho, L.G. & Lumbsch, Th. (2006) The phylogeny and
classification of Neuropogon and Usnea (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) revisited.
Taxon 55: 367-376.

Thell, A, Søchting, U., Kärnefelt, I. Elix, J. A., & Sancho, L.G. (2006)
Phylogeny of Himmantormia-an Antarctic genus in the Parmeliaceae (lichenized
ascomycetes). Bibliotheca Lichenologica (in press).

Sancho, L.G., de la Torre, R., Horneck, G., Pintado, A., Ascaso, C.,
Wierzchos,J. & de los Rios, A. (2006). Survival of lichens to space conditions
inside the BIOPAN-5 experiment. 8th International Mycological Congress.
Medimond International Proceedings. 123-128.

De los Rios, A, Grube, M., Sancho, L.G., & Ascaso, C. (2006) Ultrastructural
and genetic characteristics of endolithic cyanobacterial biofilms colonizing
Antarctic granite rocks. FEMS Microbiology Ecology (in press).

Etayo, J. & Sancho, L.G. (2006) Some lichenicolous ascomycetes fungi on austral
species of Usnea (Parmeliaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes). Nova Hedwigia (in
press).

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-04-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-06-18
Future DIF Review Date: 2004-05-01

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