Biogeography in saline lake dinoflagellates: evolutionary jumps between limnic and marine systemsEntry ID: ASAC_3022
Abstract: This project empirically measures the effects of human activity on the behaviour, heart rate and egg-shell surface temperature of Royal penguins on Macquarie Island, as part of ASAC project 1148. This was achieved by collecting behavioural and physiological responses of individual penguins exposed to pedestrian approaches across the breeding stages of incubation, guard, creche and moult. Both ... single person and group approaches were also investigated. Information produced includes minimum approach guidelines.
As of April 2003 all data are stored on Hi-8 digital tape, due to be transformed during 2003 - 2004 into a timecoded tab-delimited text format for analysis using the Observer (Noldus Information Technology 2002).
Some notes about some of the fields in this dataset:
Temp file refers to whether or not egg shell surface temperature was also recorded for the sample, with the code below refering to the file name.
Neighbour refers to the behavioural control file for each sample (neighbouring nests did not recieve an artificial egg, and provide a behavioural control for responses to human approaches without the scientific treatment).
Nest refers to the randomly used nest markers for each sample.
Heart rate refers to whether heart rate was concurrently recorded with behaviour on the sample (both stored on Hi-8 tape).
Stimulus refers to whether single persons or groups of persons (5 -7, recorded within each sample) were used for the human approaches.
Environment refers to whether approaches were conducted from colony sections abuting pebbly beach or from poa tussock environs (tussock approaches less than 50 m of the poa / pebbly beach junction).
The code system for nest simply refers to the numbered tag placed at the nest (using three colours, g=green, w=white, b=brown) which were used randomly.
The fields in this dataset are:
(Click for Interactive Map)
Start Date: 2002-10-20Stop Date: 2003-03-20
Access Constraints Data accessible in December 2004.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Data accessible in December 2004.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 7 kb
Distribution Format: excel
Phone: +61 2 62741549
Fax: +61 2 6274 1006
Email: melissa.giese at ea.gov.au
C/ Marine Species Section GPO Box 787 Environment Australia
Province or State: Australian Capital Territory
Postal Code: 2601
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6226 2463
Fax: +61 3 6226 2989
Email: ndholmes at utas.edu.au
School of Geography and Environmental Studies GPO Box 252-78 University of Tasmania
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7001
Holmes, N. and Giese, M. (2002). The effects of tourists on Royal penguins. Poster presentation. Ecology 2002 Conference, Cairns, December 2-6.
Holmes, N.D. and Giese, M. (2002) The effects of tourism operations on the numbers of Southern Elephant seals and Royal Penguin Behaviour at Sandy Bay Macquarie Island, 2001-2002. Unpublished report to Nature Conservation Branch and Tasmanian Parks and Wildlife Service.
Holmes, N., Giese, M. and Kriwoken, L.K. (2001). Measuring the effects of human activity on Royal and King Penguins on Macquarie Island. Poster. Australian Ornithological Conference, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, December 4-7.
Holmes, N., Giese, M. and Kriwoken, L.K. (2001). Developing Guidelines for Sustainable Human-Penguin Interactions in the sub-Antarctic: Experimental Methodology. Poster. Sustainable Wildlife Tourism Conference, Hobart, October 28-30.
Holmes, N., Giese, M. and Kriwoken, L.K. (2001). The effects of human activity on two penguin species on Macquarie Island: experimental methodology. Poster. Fenner Conference on Nature and the Environment, Canberra, September 3-6.
Holmes, N., Giese, M. and Kriwoken, L.K. (2001). Measuring the effects of human activity on two sub-Antarctic penguin species. Poster. VIII Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research International Biology Symposium, Vjrie University, Amsterdam, August 27-September 1.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-05-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-04-10