Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Pest Control in TomatoesEntry ID: USDA0538
Abstract: The purpose of "Alternatives to Methyl Bromide for Pest Control in
Tomatoes" is to investigate methyl bromide alternatives in vegetable and
cut-flower crops on sandy soils. The goal of this research is to compare
various soil fumigants, contact nematicides and herbicides, alone and in
combination, to methyl bromide for nutsedge control and phytotoxicity to
Collection Organization: ... Florida Agricultural Experiment Station
Collection Methodology: 1) Excellent nutsedge control and highest tomato
yields were obtained with methyl bromide alone and telone combined with
pebulate. 2) Biorational and conventional insecticides were effective for
insect control on tomato and pepper. 3) Nitrogen/potassium ratios did not
influence greatly the number of sweet potato whitefly nymphs or irregular
ripening on tomato. 4) LC50 resistance ratios in tomato pinworm adults ranged
from 15-60 for methomyl in the field. 5) Pheromone-baited sticky traps captured
more male pepper weevil adults than non-baited traps. 6) Imidacloprid (Admire)
was found to be effective in restricting incidents of tomato mottle virus in
tomato. 7) Tomato yellow leaf curl virus was found for the first time in the
Western Hemisphere in the Dominican Republic and Jamaica. The virus was cloned
and partially sequenced and determined to be the same as TYLCV from the eastern
Mediterranean. Transmission efficiency of tomato mottle virus was measured by
several different approaches.
Collection Frequency: N/A
Update Characteristics: N/A
Data Center: USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service
Dissemination Media: Data available in hard copy publications only.
Access Restrictions: There are no legal restrictions to access but the dataset
is not available online.
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS > PESTICIDES > METHYL BROMIDE
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > PLANT DISEASES/DISORDERS/PESTS
AGRICULTURE > PLANT COMMODITIES > FRUIT PRODUCTS > TOMATO
AGRICULTURE > PLANT COMMODITIES > HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS > FLOWERS
AGRICULTURE > PLANT COMMODITIES > VEGETABLE PRODUCTS > TOMATO
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > PLANTS > ANGIOSPERMS (FLOWERING PLANTS) > DICOTS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > VIRUSES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: bra at gnv.ifas.ufl.edu
Gulf Coast Research Education Center 5007 60th Street East
Province or State: FL
Postal Code: 34203-9324
Gilreath, J.P., Jones, J.P., and Overman, A.J. 1994. Soil-borne
Pest Control in Mulched Tomato Alternatives to Methyl Bromide.
Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 107:(In Press)
Gilreath, J.P. and Stall, W.M. 1994. Suggestions for Successful
Use of Cobra for Nightshade and Parthenium Control in Tomatoes.
Citrus & Vegetable Magazine. 57(7):12-13.
Gilreath, J.P., Jones, J. P., Overman, A.J.,, Locascio, S.J.,
Dickson, D.W., Kucharek, T.A., McGovern, R.J., Vavrina, C.S.,
Noling, J.W., Olson, S.M., and Stall, W.M. 1994. Nutsedge and
Soil-borne Pathogen Control with Alternatives to Methyl Bromide.
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Creation and Review Dates
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-03-20