Cold adaptation and functionality of the Antarctic Coastal Benthic ZonesEntry ID: ASAC_1165
Abstract: Antarctic sediments and sea-ice are important regulators in global biogeochemical and atmospheric cycles. These ecosystems contain a diverse range of bacteria whose biogeochemical roles remains largely unknown and which inhabit what are continually low temperature habitats. An integrated molecular and chemical approach will be used to investigate the coupling of microbial biogeochemical processes ... with community structure and cold adaptation within coastal Antarctic marine sediments and within sea-ice. Overall the project expects to make an important contribution to our understanding of biological processes within low temperature habitats.
DATA SET ORGANISATION:
The dataset is organised on the basis of publication and is organised on the basis of the following sections:
1. SEDIMENT SAMPLES and ISOLATES
Samples collected are described in terms of location, type and where data were obtained chemical features. The designation, source, media used for cultivation and isolation and availability of sediment and other related isolates are provided. Samples included are from the following locations: Clear Lake, Pendant Lake, Scale Lake, Ace Lake, Burton Lake, Ekho Lake, Organic Lake, Deep lake and Taynaya Bay (Burke Basin), Vestfold Hills region; and the Mertz Glacier Polynya region.
2. BIOMASS and ENZYME ACTIVITY DATA
Biomass, numbers and extracellular enzyme activity data are provided for Bacteria and Archaea populations from Mertz Glacier Polynya shelf sediments.
3. FATTY ACID and TETRAETHER LIPID DATA
Phospholipid and tetraether lipid data are provided for Mertz Glacier Polynya shelf sediments. Whole cell fatty acid data are provided for various bacterial isolates described officially as new genera or species.
4. RNA HYBRIDISATION DATA
RNA hybridisation data for Mertz Glacier Polynya sediment samples is provided, including data for oligonucleotide probes specifc for total Bacteria, Archaea, the Desulfosarcina group (class Deltaproteobacteria, sulfate reducing bacterial clade), phylum Planctomycetes, phylum Bacteroidetes (Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides), class Gammaproteobacteria, sulfur-oxidizing and related bacteria (a subset of class Gammaproteobacteria) and Eukaryota.
5. PHYLOGENETIC DATA
16S rRNA gene sequence data are indicated including aligned datasets for three clone libraries derived from the Mertz Glacier Polynya including GenBank accession numbers. Sequence accession numbers are provided for Vestfold Hills lake sediment samples. In addition GenBank numbers are provided for denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis band sequence data from Mertz Glacier Polynya shelf sediment. Other forms of this DGGE data (banding profile analysis) are available in reference Bowman et al. 2003 (AAD ref 10971).
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Bowman, J.
Dataset Title: Cold adaptation and functionality of the Antarctic Coastal Benthic Zones
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2011-12-20
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data CentreOnline Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
Start Date: 2000-07-01Stop Date: 2001-06-30
OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SEDIMENTATION
OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > CONTINENTAL MARGINS
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > BIOTURBATION
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > BIOGENIC SEDIMENTS
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > DIAGENESIS
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENT COMPOSITION
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENTATION
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > STRATIGRAPHIC SEQUENCE
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS > SEDIMENTARY STRUCTURES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > BACTERIA/ARCHAEA > CYANOBACTERIA (BLUE-GREEN ALGAE)
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > PIGMENTS > CHLOROPHYLL
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > BENTHIC
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > MARINE ECOSYSTEMS > PELAGIC
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS > LAKE/POND
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS > LAKE/POND > SALINE LAKES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > SPECIES DOMINANCE INDICES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > BIOGEOCHEMICAL CYCLES
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > NUTRIENT CYCLING
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > DECOMPOSITION
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > BIOMASS DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PRIMARY PRODUCTION
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > SECONDARY PRODUCTION
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY STRUCTURE
Access Constraints NONE
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_1165 when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 363 kb
Distribution Format: Text, csv, pdf
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6226 6380
Fax: +61 3 6226 2642
Email: john.bowman at utas.edu.au
School of Agricultural Science University of Tasmania Private Bag 54
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7001
Bowman, J.P., McCammon, S.A., Rea, S.M., McMeekin, T.A. (2000), The microbial composition of three limnologically disparate hypersaline Antarctic lakes, FEMS Microbiology Letters, 183, 81-88
Bowman, J.P., Rea, S.M., McCammon, S.A., McMeekin, T.A. (2000), Diversity and community structure within anoxic sediment from marine salinity meromictic lakes and a coastal meromictic marine basin, Vestfold Hills, Eastern Antarctica., Environmental Microbiology, 2, 227-238
Bowman, J.P., Rea, S.M., Brown, M.V., McCammon, S.A., Smith, M.C., McMeekin, T.A. (2000), Community structure and psychrophily in Antarctic ecosystems, 287-291, Bell, C.R., Brylinsky, M., Johnson-Green, P. (ed.) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Halifax, Canada
Bowman, J.P., McCuaig, R.D. (2003), Biodiversity, Community Structural Shifts, and Biogeography of Prokaryotes within Antarctic Continental Shelf Sediment., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 5, 2463-2483
Bowman, J.P., McCammon, S.A., Gibson, J.A.E., Robertson, L., Nichols, P.D. (2003), Prokaryotic Metabolic Activity and Community Structure in Antarctic Continental Shelf Sediments., Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 69, 5, 2778-2462
Brown, M.V., Bowman, J.P. (2001), A molecular phylogenetic survey of sea-ice microbial communities (SIMCO), FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 35, 267-275
McCammon, S.A., Bowman, J.P. (2000), The taxonomy of Antarctic Flavobacterium species: description of Flavobacterium gillisiae sp. nov., Flavobacterium tegetincola sp. nov. and Flavobacterium xanthum nom. rev., sp. nov. and reclassification of [Flavobacterium] salegens as Salegentibacter, International Journal of Systematic and Microbial Evolution, 50, 1055-1063
Nichols, D., Bowman, J., Sanderson, K., Mancuso-Nichols, C., Lewis, T., McMeekin, T., Nichols, P.D. (1999), Developments with Antarctic microorganisms: culture collections, bioactivity screening, taxonomy, PUFA production and cold-adapted enzymes, Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 10, 240-246
Vincent, W.F., Bowman, J.P., Rankin, L.M., McMeekin, T.A. (2000), Phylogenetic diversity of picocyanobacteria in Arctic and Antarctic ecosystems, New Frontiers, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, 317-322, Bell, C.R., Brylinsky, M., Johnson-Green, P. (ed.) Microbial Biosystems: New Frontiers, Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology, Halifax Canada I
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-08-09
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27