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Antarctic Coastal Ecology
Entry ID: ACE


Summary
Abstract: Objectives:

• To assess the structure and functioning of the Antarctic coastal ecosystem and the relationships between marine and terrestrial biota.

• To assess the origin of organic matter and minerals in the Antarctic coastal ecosystem and the pathways of organic matter and minerals between the coastal marine and terrestrial systems.


Purpose: The vegetation structure of coastal vegetation both emerged and submerged is studied. Species diversity, biomass, photosynthesis of key species is recorded.

Geographic Coverage
 N: 70.0 S: 60.0  E: 65.0  W: 60.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Ad Huiskes
Dataset Title: Antarctic Coastal Ecology
Dataset Release Place: The Netherlands
Dataset Publisher: Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1990-10-01
Stop Date: 1996-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ANTARCTIC PENINSULA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >ALPINE/TUNDRA    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >BIOMASS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS >BENTHIC    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS >COASTAL    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS >PHOTOSYNTHESIS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY STRUCTURE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ENVIRONMENT


Platform
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
IRGA >Infrared Gas Analyzers    [Information]
OXYGEN ANALYZERS    [Information]
CARBON ANALYZERS    [Information]


Project
BIOTAS >Biological Investigation of Terrestrial Antarctic Systems    [Information]
IPY >INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]
ALIENS >Aliens in Antarctica    [Information]


Keywords
NAAP


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)


Data Center
Netherlands National Polar Data Centre, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Netherlands    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.nioz.nl/dmg
Dataset ID: Aliens In Antarctica

Data Center Personnel
Name: IRA VAN DEN BROEK
Phone: +31 222 369 420
Fax: +31 222 319 674
Email: ira.van.den.broek at nioz.nl
Contact Address:
P.O. Box 59
City: Den Burg
Postal Code: 1790 AB
Country: The Netherlands



Data Center Personnel
Name: TACO F. DE BRUIN
Phone: +31-222-369 479
Fax: +31-222-319674
Email: bruin at nioz.nl
Contact Address:
P.O. Box 59
City: Den Burg
Postal Code: 1790 AB
Country: The Netherlands


Personnel
AD HUISKES
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +31 (0)113 577445
Fax: +31 (0)113 573616
Email: ad.huiskes at nioz.nl
Contact Address:
Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)
P.O.Box 140
City: Yerseke
Province or State: Zeeland
Postal Code: 4400 AC
Country: The Netherlands


Publications/References
Alkemade, R. and P. Van Rijswijk (1993). Path analysis of the influence of substrate composition on nematode numbers and on decomposition of stranded seaweed at an Antarctic coast. Neth. J. Sea Res. 31: 63 - 70.

Brouwer, P.E.M. (1996). Decomposition in situ of the sublittoral Antarctic macroalga Desmarestia anceps Montagne. Polar Biology 16: 129 - 137.

Brouwer, P.E.M. (1996). In situ photosynthesis and estimated annual production of the red macroalga Myriogramme mangini in relation to underwater irradiance at Signy Island (Antarctica). Antarctic Science 8: 245-252.

Brouwer, P.E.M. (1997). Species Distribution and Zonation Pattern of Antarctic Macroalgae. Acta Bot. Neerl. 46: 105-106.

Brouwer, P.E.M. (1997). Distribution, year-round primary production and decomposition of Antarctic macroalgae. Thesis, Nijmegen, 128 pp.

Brouwer, P.E.M., E.F.M. Geilen, N.J.M. Gremmen and F. van Lent (1995). Sublittoral zonation of macroalgae at Signy Island, South Orkney Islands, Antarctica. Botanica Marina 38: 259 - 270.

Chown, S.L., N.J.M. Gremmen and K.J. Gaston (1998). Ecological biogeography of Southern Ocean Islands: species-area relationships, human impacts and conservation. Am. Nat. 152:562-575.

Gremmen, N.J.M., A.H.L. Huiskes and J.W. Francke (1994). Epilithic macrolichen vegetati¬on of the Argentine Islands area, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 6: 463-471.
Gremmen, N.J.M., A.H.L. Huiskes and J.W. Francke (1995). Standing crop of the coastal macrolichen Mastodia tesselata, and its relationship to nutrient concentrations, on Petermann Island, Antarctica. Lichenologist 27: 387 - 394.

Huiskes, A.H.L., N.J.M. Gremmen and J.W. Francke (1997). The delicate stability of lichen symbiosis. Comparative studies on the photosynthe¬sis of Mastodia tesselata, and its freeliving phycobiont, the alga Prasiola crispa. In: B. Battaglia, J. Valencia and D.W.H. Walton (eds.): Antarctic communities: species, structure and survival. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp.: 234-240.

Huiskes, A.H.L., N.J.M. Gremmen and J.W. Francke (1997). Morphological effects on the water balance of Antarctic foliose and fruticose lichens. Antarctic Science 9: 36-42.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2012-01-11
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18



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