Climate History of the Mojave Desert Region, 1892 - 1996Entry ID: USGS_MOJAVE_CLIM
Abstract: The Climate History of the Mojava Desert Region provides an overview of regional climate variations including precipitation and temperature information.
To evaluate climate variation, weather data was compiled from 48 long-term weather stations across the Mojave Desert. The stations are in western Arizona,
eastern California, southern Nevada, and southwest Utah.
The primary data set consists ... of about 1.2 and 1.8 million daily observations of precipitation and temperature, respectively. These data were collected
mainly at weather stations staffed by volunteers (NOAA, 1986). Some of the raw data were purchased in electronic form from EarthInfo, Inc. who obtained it
from the National Climate Data Center (NCDC), Asheville, North Carolina. These data do not contain the entire record of a particular station, as the available electronic record typically begins in 1948. To evaluate climate variation, the longest possible record is necessary. Thus, the USGS obtained from the NCDC the complete National Weather Service reports on microfiche for the four-state region of the Mojave Desert. These data were entered into the computer
manually, producing a record of precipitation beginning in 1892.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Richard Hereford and Claire Longpre
Dataset Title: Climate History of the Mojave Desert Region, 1892 - 1996
Dataset Release Date: 1997
Dataset Release Place: Flagstaff, Arizona
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological SurveyOnline Resource: http://geography.wr.usgs.gov/mojave/climate-history/
Start Date: 1892-01-01Stop Date: 1996-12-31
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > MAXIMUM/MINIMUM TEMPERATURE
ATMOSPHERE > PRECIPITATION > PRECIPITATION AMOUNT
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > DESERTS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS > DESERTS > DESERT SCRUB
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online
Fees: No fees
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Global Change Master Directory
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: rhereford at usgs.gov
US Geological Survey 2255 N. Gemini Drive, 319
Province or State: AZ
Postal Code: 86001
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recent trends toward early snowmelt runoff in California: Journal of Climate, v. 8, p. 606-623.
Hereford, Richard, and Webb, R.H., 1997, How often does rainfall cause overland flow in the arid Mojave Desert? A study of reservoir deposits in Valjean Valley (abs.): Quarterly San Bernardino County Museum Association, v. 44, p. 14.
Hunning, J.R., 1978, A characterization of the climate of the California
desert: Riverside, California, Bureau of Land Management, Contract No.
CA-060-CT7-2812, 220 p.
Katz, R.W., and Glantz, M.H., 1986, Anatomy of a rainfall index: Monthly
Weather Review, v. 114, p. 764-771.
Minobe, Shoshiro, 1997, A 50-70 year climatic oscillation over the North
Pacific and North America: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 24, p. 683-686.
NOAA, 1986, Surface land daily cooperative summary of the day TD-3200:
Asheville, North Carolina, National Climate Data Center, 23 p.
Rowlands, P.G., 1995, Regional bioclimatology of the California desert, in,
Latting, June, and Rowlands, P.G., eds., The California desert: An introduction to natural resources and man's impact: Riverside, California, University of California Press, p. 95-134.
Webb, R.H., and Betancourt, J.L., 1992, Climate variability and flood frequency of the Santa Cruz River, Pima County, Arizona: U.S. Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 2379, 40 p.
Zhang, Yuan, Wallace, J.M., and Battisti, D.S., 1997, ENSO-like interdecadal variability: 1900-93: Journal of Climate, v. 10, p. 1004-1020.
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-05-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18