The Distribution of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation in the Fresh and Oligohaline Tidal Potomac River, 2004Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2007_1198
Abstract: Submersed aquatic vegetation (SAV) is a critical component of the Potomac River ecosystem. Though SAV provides important habitat for fauna and stabilizes bottom sediment, very dense beds may restrict recreational and commercial navigation. Exotic species of SAV are managed by the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments Potomac Aquatic Plant Management Program (PAPMP). Selected beds of ... exotic SAV species that limit navigation are harvested mechanically. The program began in 1986 when approximately 40 acres of plants were harvested from 18 sites (Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments 1987).
Monitoring efforts are an effective means of quantifying the distribution and abundance of the exotic species, Hydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) and other SAV species. These annual surveys provide a basis for identifying large-scale changes throughout the ecosystem and allow managers to evaluate the effectiveness of resource management policies based on a reliable scientific foundation. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has monitored the distribution and composition of SAV beds in the fresh and oligohaline (salinity 0.5 to 5) tidal Potomac River since 1978 using transect sampling (1978 to 1981, 1985 to 1987, and 2002) and shoreline surveys (1983 to 2004).
Shoreline survey data from the tidal Potomac River are incorporated into the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) annual report on SAV distribution in Chesapeake Bay. The VIMS report and methods are available at http://www.vims.edu/bio/sav. Additional publications concerning SAV distribution in the Potomac River can be found at http://water.usgs.gov/nrp/proj.bib/sav/wethome.htm.
[Summary provided by the USGS.]
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Nancy B. Rybicki, Sarah N. Yoon, Edward R. Schenk, and Julie B. Baldizar
Dataset Title: The Distribution of Submersed Aquatic Vegetation in the Fresh and Oligohaline Tidal Potomac River, 2004
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report
Dataset Release Date: 2007
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Issue Identification: 2007-1198Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1198/
Access Constraints None
Use Constraints None
Email: nrybicki at usgs.gov
U.S. Geological Survey 430 National Center
Province or State: VA
Postal Code: 20192
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-10-29
Last DIF Revision Date: 2007-10-30