Long-term effect of farmyard manure and N on yield of pearl millet-wheat cropping sequence, India
Entry ID: HAU.FYM

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Summary
Abstract: This experiment began in 1967 at a site that was originally
shrubland. The project consists of one rotation: Pearl
millet-wheat. Treatments = 1) Absolute control, 2) Farm yard manure
added, 3) N-fertilizer applied, 4) Cultivation without pesticides, 5)
Incorporation of root stubble.

The climatic region of the site is Warm Temperate SubTropical. The
average climatic conditions at the experimental site

Minimum annual temperature: 16.1 deg C
Mean annual temperature: 23.8 deg C
Maximum annual temperature: 31.5 deg C
Minimum annual rainfall: 139.4 mm
Mean annual rainfall: 426 mm
Maximum annual rainfall: 796.8 mm

The soil is described as a Fine loamy aridic ustochrept (USDA).

The measurements made, methodology, and frequency are listed below:

a) Vegetation measurements made and frequency

Total above-ground dry matter: Every season
Nitrogen content of offtake: Every 2 years.
Phosphorus and potassium offtake in above-ground dry matter every 2
years.

b) Soil sampling

Time zero soil measurements taken. Samlping depth: 0-15cm, samples
not stored, measurements taken: pH, organic C, CaCO3, Available N, P and K.
Details of soil sampling method: Method of soil sampling: Auger.
Number of cores: 4. Area of plot sampled: Borders of plots not
sampled. Distribution of samples: Random. Soil is separated into layers
Details of measuring depths and soil layers: Depthwise sampling
done at 0-15, 15-30, 30-45 cm every five years. Normally 0-15cm soil
is collected every other year.

c) Soil measurements made and frequency

Total carbon: Every 2 years
Method of measuring total carbon: Oxidizable C is determined by
wet-digestion method of Walkley and Black (1934) Soil Sci. 37:
29-38. This method is 60-70% efficient.
Ammonium nitrogen: Every 5 years
Method of measuring ammonium nitrogen: Distilling ammonia by
alkaline permanganate method of Subbiah & Asija (1956) Current Science
25: 172-194.
Soil bulk density or weight: Every 5 years.
Method of measuring soil bulk density or weight: Soil samples are
collected with a core sampler and dried to a constant weight. The
ratio of dry weight of soil to core volume will give bulk density.
Other nutrients: DTPA extractable Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu estimated in
1987-88. Available P and K were estimated at an approximate frequency
of 5 years.
Other measurements: Plant (grain and straw) samples analysed for
N, P & K content. Occasionally, soil samples are analysed for
infiltration rate and other physical parameters.

d) Details of the meteorological station

Nearest meteorological station to the site: Meteorological Laboratory,
CCSHAU, Hisar which is 1 km from the site at coordinates
75deg.46min. East, 29deg.11min. North. The meteorological station is manual.

e) Meteorological data available and frequency

Rainfall: Daily
Air temperature: Daily
Soil temperature: Daily
Wind speed: Daily
Sun hours: Daily
Relative humidity: Daily

This information was compiled for the GCTE-SOMNET Database, Pete
Smith, Pete Falloon, David Powlson, and Jo Smith. Soil Science
Department, IACR-Rothamsted, UK.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: This url links to the GCTE-SOMNET home page where additional project
information and methodology can be obtained. This site is currently
in a datasharing phase of the network where actual data will become
available shortly, at different levels of accessibility. Please
follow this link for more information.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 29.19 S: 29.17  E: 75.77  W: 75.75
 Min Depth: SURFACE  Max Depth: 45 CM

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Dr A.P.Gupta
Dataset Title: Long-term effect of farmyard manure and N on yield of pearl millet-wheat cropping sequence.
Online Resource: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/Research/Centres/Content.php?Sect...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1967-01-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ASIA > SOUTHCENTRAL ASIA > INDIA


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >FERTILIZERS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE >CROP/PLANT YIELDS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE >CROPPING SYSTEMS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >ANIMAL SCIENCE >ANIMAL MANURE AND WASTE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >CARBON >TOTAL CARBON    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >COPPER    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >IRON    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >MANGANESE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >ZINC    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >NITROGEN >AMMONIUM NITROGEN    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >ORGANIC MATTER    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >POTASSIUM    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL BULK DENSITY    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >AIR TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >HUMIDITY    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WATER VAPOR >WATER VAPOR    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC WINDS >SURFACE WINDS    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >RAIN    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC RADIATION >SUNSHINE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >BIOMASS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >CARBON    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >NITROGEN    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >NUTRIENTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >COPPER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >IRON    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >MANGANESE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >MICRONUTRIENTS/TRACE ELEMENTS >ZINC    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >NITROGEN >AMMONIUM NITROGEN    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >ORGANIC MATTER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >PHOSPHORUS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >POTASSIUM    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL BULK DENSITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL INFILTRATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL INFILTRATION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Project
GCTE >Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems, IGBP    [Information]


Quality
a) Details of the plots

Width of smallest plot is 6 m
Length of smallest plot is 10 m
Slope: less than 1% . Shape: Uniform
Details of direction of cultivation: Parallel to long-axis of plot
(South to North)
Width of Discard Strip around plot: 12m around site.

b) Details of replication, randomization and controls

There are at least 4 replicates in the experiment.
The experiment has a randomized plot design.
There are control plots described as follows:

There are 4 plots of each 0, 60 and 120 kgN/ha levels of fertilizer
N without the addition of farmyard manure.


Access Constraints
none


Keywords
FARM YARD MANURE
FYM
GCTE
GLOBAL CHANGE AND TERESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS
IGBP
INTERNATIONAL GEOSPHERE BIOSPHERE PROGRAM
PEARL MILLET
PENNISETUM GLAUCUM (L.)
SOIL ORGANIC MATTER NETWORK
SOMNET
TRITICUM AESTIVUM (L.)
WHEAT


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Data Center
Global Change and Terrestrial Ecosystems Soil Organic Matter Network, Rothamsted Research    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.rothamsted.bbsrc.ac.uk/aen/somnet/index.htm

Data Center Personnel
Name: PETER FALLOON
Phone: +44 (0)1582 763133 x2110
Fax: +44 (0)1582 760981
Email: Pete.Falloon at bbsrc.ac.uk
Contact Address:
Agriculture & Environment Division,
Rothamsted Research,
Harpenden,
Herts. AL5 2JQ UK.


Personnel
A. P. GUPTA
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: + 91 1662 737 21 to 29 Ext. 4278
Fax: +91 1662 735 52
Contact Address:
Department of Soil Science
CCS Haryana Agricultural University
City: Hisar
Postal Code: 125004
Country: India


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Gupta, A.P., Narwal, R.P, Antil, R.S. and Dev, S. (1992) Sustaining soil
fertility with organic C,N,P and K by using
farmyard and fertilizer-N in a semiarid zone: A long-term study. Arid
Soil Research and Rehabilitation 6: 243-251.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-12-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2011-03-21

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