Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Olympic National Park To Sea-Level Rise
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1021

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Summary
Abstract: A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability
of the coast to future sea-level rise within Olympic National Park (OLYM),
Washington. The CVI scores the following in terms of their physical
contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change: geomorphology, regional
coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise, shoreline change rates, mean
tidal range and mean wave height. The rankings for each variable were combined
and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid cells covering the park. The
CVI highlights those regions where the physical effects of sea-level rise might
be the greatest. This approach combines the coastal system's susceptibility to
change with its natural ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions,
yielding a quantitative, although relative, measure of the park's natural
vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise. The CVI provides an objective
technique for evaluation and long-term planning by scientists and park
managers. The Olympic National Park coast consists of rocky headlands, pocket
beaches, glacial-fluvial features, and sand and gravel beaches. The Olympic
coastline that is most vulnerable to sea-level rise are beaches in gently
sloping areas.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Results of Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Olympic National Park to
Sea-Level Rise.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Calculating the coastal vulnerability index.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 48.5 S: 46.0  E: -123.0  W: -125.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton, Erika S. Hammar-Klose, E. Robert Thieler, and S. Jeffress Williams
Dataset Title: Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Olympic National Park To Sea-Level Rise
Dataset Series Name: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Version: 1.0
Data Presentation Form: maps, reports
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1021/


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WASHINGTON


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >COASTAL ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA LEVEL RISE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENT TRANSPORT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >STORM SURGE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >TIDAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN WAVES >WAVE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE SLOPE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >TIDES >TIDAL RANGE >MEAN TIDAL RANGE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS >COASTAL VULNERABILITY    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ELEVATION


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Use Constraints
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Keywords
Open File Report
OFR
Olympic National Park
Sea-Level Rise
Shoreline Changes
Coastal Vulnerability
Seashore
CVI
Coastal Vulnerability Index


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/

Data Center Personnel
Name: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Phone: 303-202-4200
Phone: 303-202-4210
Fax: 303-202-4188
Email: infoservices at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
USGS Information Services
Open-File Services Section
Box 25286
Federal Center
City: Denver
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees


Personnel
REBECCA BEAVERS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: 303-987-6945
Email: Rebecca_Beavers at nps.gov
Contact Address:
National Park Service
Natural Resource Program Center
Geologic Resources Division
P.O. Box 25287
City: Denver
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225-0287
Country: USA


ELIZABETH A. PENDLETON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: ependleton at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


S. JEFFRESS WILLIAMS
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: jwilliams at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


ROBERT THEILER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (508) 548-8700
Fax: (508) 457-2310
Email: rthieler at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Woods Hole Field Center
384 Woods Hole Road
Quissett Campus
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543-1598
Country: USA


Publications/References
Douglas, B.C., 1997, Global sea rise, a redetermination: Surveys in Geophysics,
v. 18, p. 279-292.

Gornitz, V. and White, T.W., 1992, A coastal hazards database for the U.S. West Coast; ORNL/CDIAC-81, NDP-043C: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Gornitz, V.M., Daniels, R.C., White, T.W., and Birdwell, K.R., 1994, The
development of a coastal vulnerability assessment database; vulnerability to sea-level rise in the U.S. southeast: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 12, p. 327-338.

Hammar-Klose, E.S., and Thieler, E.R., 2001, Coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise; a preliminary database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico coasts: U.S. Geological Survey, Digital Data Series, DDS-68, 1 CD.

Hubertz, J.M., Thompson, E.F., and Wang, H.V., 1996, Wave information studies of U.S. coastlines: Annotated bibliography on coastal and ocean data assimilation, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, WIS Report 36, Vicksburg, 31 p.

IPCC, 2002, Climate change 2001, the scientific basis: Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC, , Geneva, Switzerland, 563 p. (Also available on the web at http://www.ipcc.ch)

Komar, P., 1997, The Pacific northwest coast: Living with the Shores of Oregon
and Washington, Durham, Duke University Press, 196 p.

National Research Council, 1990, Managing coastal erosion, Washington: National Academy Press, 163 p.

National Research Council, 1995, Beach nourishment and protection: Washington: National Academy Press, 334 p.

Peterson, C.D., Darienzo, M.E., Hamilton, D., Pettit, D., Yeager, R.K.,
Jackson, P.L., Rosenfeld, C.L., and Terich, T.T., 1994, Cascadia
beach-shoreline database, Pacific northwest region, USA: State of Oregon,
Department of Geology and Mineral Industries, Open-File Report 0-94-2.

Pilkey, O.H., and Davis, T.W., 1987, An analysis of coastal recession models, North Carolina coast, in Nummedal, D., Pilkey, D.H., and Howard, J.D., eds., Sea-level Fluctuation and Coastal Evolution: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications No. 41, Tulsa, Oklahoma, p. 59-68.

Shaw, J., Taylor, R.B., Forbes, D.L., Ruz, M.H., and Solomon, S., 1998,
Sensitivity of the Canadian coast to sea-level rise: Geological Survey of
Canada Bulletin 505, 114 p.

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 1999, National assessment of coastal
vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Atlantic coast: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 99-593, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000a, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Pacific coast: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 00-178, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000b, National assessment of coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise, U.S. Gulf of Mexico coast: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet. Online

Washington State Department of Ecology, 1997, Shoreline aerial photos
http://apps.ecy.wa.gov/shorephotos/

Zervas, C., 2001, Sea level variations of the United States 1854-1999: NOAA
Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36, 201 p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-08-30
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-11-02

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