Alpha Status, Dominance, and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs.
Entry ID: usgs_npwrc_alpha

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Summary
Abstract: The prevailing view of a wolf (Canis lupus) pack is that of a group of
individuals ever vying for dominance but held in check by the "alpha" pair, the
alpha male and the alpha female. Most research on the social dynamics of wolf
packs, however, has been conducted on non-natural assortments of captive
wolves. Here I describe the wolf-pack social order as it occurs in nature,
discuss the alpha concept and social dominance and submission, and present data
on the precise relationships among members in free-living packs based on a
literature review and 13 summers of observations of wolves on Ellesmere Island,
Northwest Territories, Canada. I conclude that the typical wolf pack is a
family, with the adult parents guiding the activities of the group in a
division-of-labor system in which the female predominates primarily in such
activities as pup care and defense and the male primarily during foraging and
food-provisioning and the travels associated with them.

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Alpha Status, Dominance and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs data


Geographic Coverage
 N: 87.61 S: 37.3  E: -48.11  W: -145.27

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: David L. Mech
Dataset Title: Alpha Status, Dominance, and Division of Labor in Wolf Packs.
Dataset Release Date: 1999
Dataset Release Place: Jamestown, North Dakota
Dataset Publisher: USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center
Version: Version 16MAY2000
Online Resource: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/mammals/alstat/index.htm


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1986-01-01
Stop Date: 1998-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > Northwest Territories


Science Keywords
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION >ANIMALS/VERTEBRATES >MAMMALS >CARNIVORES >DOGS/FOXES/WOLVES >WOLVES
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >SPECIES DOMINANCE INDICES >WOLVES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
alpha status
dominance
division of labor
wolf packs


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: TOM SKLEBAR
Phone: 701-253-5500
Phone: 701-253-5554
Fax: 701-253-5553
Email: tom_sklebar at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
8711 37th Street, S.E.
City: Jamestown
Province or State: North Dakota
Postal Code: 58401
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 26 K bytes
Distribution_Format: zip
Fees: none


Personnel
L. DAVID MECH
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: mechx002 at tc.umn.edu
Contact Address:
North Central Research Station
1992 Folwell Ave.
City: St. Paul
Province or State: Minnesota
Postal Code: 55108
Country: USA


TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


Publications/References
Mech, L. David. 1999. Alpha status, dominance, and division of labor in wolf packs. Canadian Journal of Zoology 77:1196-1203.

http://www.npwrc.usgs.gov/resource/2000/alstat/ref.htm

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2002-01-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-12-12
Future DIF Review Date: 2003-01-28

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