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Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) Reconstruction
Entry ID: NOAA_NCDC_PALEO_1998-038

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Summary
Abstract: EXPERIMENTAL DENDROCLIMATIC RECONSTRUCTION OF THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION
This file documents reconstruction of the winter (DJF) season of Allan's
version of the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI). It was reconstructed by using
the factor scores from a Principal Components Analysis (PCA) of time t and
selected t-1 and t+1 lags of 14 tree-ring chronologies from northern Mexico
(Durango and Chihuahua), the southwestern U.S.A. (Arizona, Utah and New Mexico)
and Java, Indonesia plus the first two factor scores from a network of 9
chronologies in OK and TX as independent variables. All chronologies were
compiled from indices of tree growth (earlywood or total ring width) detrended
to remove biological trends (Cook 1985). The dependent variable was winter
(DJF) average SOI compiled by R. Allan, based on normalized Tahiti minus Darwin
sea level pressure, multiplied by 10 (Allan et al. 1996), adjusted so the mean
of the period 1879-1977 equals 0.0.
The reconstruction is the basis for the paper (D.W. Stahle et al. 1998).

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Access to data and documentation


Geographic Coverage
 N: 15.0 S: -60.0  E: -75.0  W: 135.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Stahle, et al.
Dataset Title: Southern Oscillation Index Reconstruction
Dataset Series Name: IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 1998-038
Dataset Release Date: November 1998
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: IGBP PAGES/World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
Issue Identification: 1998-038
Other Citation Details: NOAA/NCDC Paleoclimatology Program, International Tree-Ring Data Bank
Online Resource: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/treering/reconstructions/soi...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1706-01-01
Stop Date: 1997-12-31


Paleo_Temporal_Coverage
Paleo Start Date: 270 ybp
Paleo Stop Date: 0 ybp
Chrono Unit:


Location Keywords
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN
OCEAN > PACIFIC OCEAN > SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >TREE RINGS    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >LAND RECORDS >TREE RINGS    [Definition]
CLIMATE INDICATORS >ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS >TELECONNECTIONS >EL NINO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (ENSO)    [Definition]
PALEOCLIMATE >PALEOCLIMATE RECONSTRUCTIONS >SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE RECONSTRUCTION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Project
PAGES >Past Global Changes, IGBP    [Information]


Keywords
ENSO
ENSO reconstruction
SOI reconstruction
climate reconstruction
tree ring chronologies


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NOAA/NCDC


Data Center
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WDC/PALEOCLIMATOLOGY, BOULDER
Phone: +1 (303) 497-6160
Fax: +1 (303) 497-6513
Email: paleo at noaa.gov
Contact Address:
World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
NOAA/NCDC Code E/GCx3
325 Broadway
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80303
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: online ftp, www
Distribution_Format: ascii
Fees: none


Personnel
DAVID W. STAHLE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 501-575-3159
Email: dstahle at comp.uark.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
Tree-Ring Laboratory
University of Arkansas
City: Fayetteville
Province or State: AR
Postal Code: 72701
Country: USA


ROSANNE D. D'ARRIGO
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Tree-Ring Laboratory
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


PAUL J. KRUSIC
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: pjk at ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Tree-Ring Lab.
Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


MALCOLM K. CLEAVELAND
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 501-575-3159
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
Tree-Ring Laboratory
University of Arkansas
City: Fayetteville
Province or State: AR
Postal Code: 72701
Country: USA


EDWARD R. COOK
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: drdendro at ldeo.columbia.edu
Contact Address:
Tree-Ring Laboratory
Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory
City: Palisades
Province or State: NY
Postal Code: 10964
Country: USA


R. J. ALLAN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Climate Impact Group
CSIRO Mordialloc
Victoria,
Country: AUSTRALIA


JULIA E. COLE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: (303) 492-0595
Fax: (303) 492-6388
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University of Arizona
City: Tucson
Province or State: AZ
Country: USA


ROBERT DUNBAR
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +01 650 725 6830
Fax: +01 650 725 0979
Email: dunbar at stanford.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Environmental Earth Systems Science
Stanford University
Braun Hall (Bldg 320)
City: Stanford
Province or State: California
Postal Code: 94305-2115
Country: USA


M. D. THERRELL
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 501-575-3159
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
Tree-Ring Laboratory
University of Arkansas
City: Fayetteville
Province or State: AR
Postal Code: 72701
Country: USA


D. A. GAY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 501-575-3159
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
Tree-Ring Laboratory
University of Arkansas
City: Fayetteville
Province or State: AR
Postal Code: 72701
Country: USA


M. D. MOORE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Scripps Inst. of Oceanography
City: La Jolla
Province or State: CA
Country: USA


M. A. STOKES
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Lab. of Tree-Ring Research
U. of Arizona
City: Tucson
Province or State: AZ
Country: USA


B. T. BURNS
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
Native Seed SEARCH
City: Tucson
Province or State: AZ
Country: USA


J. VILLANUEVA-DIAZ
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
INIFAP
San Luis Potosi
Country: MEXICO


LONNIE G. THOMPSON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 614-292-6652
Email: thompson.3 at osu.edu
Contact Address:
Byrd Polar Research Center
Ohio State University
1090 Carmack Rd.
City: Columbus
Province or State: Ohio
Postal Code: 43210
Country: USA


Publications/References
Allan, R.J., J. Lindesay and D. Parker. 1996. El Nino/Southern Oscillation & Climatic Variability. CSIRO Publishing. 408 pp.

Cook, E.R. 1985. A Time Series Approach to Tree Ring Standardization. PhD
dissertation. Tucson, AZ: U. of Arizona. 171 p. University Microfilms
International, 300 N. Zeeb Rd, Ann Arbor, MI 48106

Stahle, D.W., R.D. D'Arrigo, P.J. Krusic, M.K. Cleaveland, E.R. Cook, R.J.
Allan, J.E. Cole, R.B. Dunbar, M.D. Therrell, D.A. Gay, M.D. Moore, M.A.
Stokes, B.T. Burns, J. Villanueva-Diaz and L.G. Thompson. 1998. Experimental dendroclimatic reconstruction of the Southern Oscillation. Bull. American Meteorological Society 79: 2137-2152.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-03-18
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27

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