Science Keywords>CLIMATE INDICATORS
Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Zonal Wind Index, 1953-presentEntry ID: QBO_ZONAL_WIND_INDEX
Abstract: [Text Source: Freie Universitat Berlin, http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produkte/qbo/ ]
Almost 50 years ago, the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) of the winds in the equatorial stratosphere was detected due to the establishment of a global, regularly measuring radiosonde network (Graystone, 1959; Ebdon, 1960).
As part of the compilation of our daily stratospheric charts we have ... tabulated the daily wind observations of selected stations near the equator since 1957. For the earlier years, the values were extracted from the Northern Hemisphere Data Tabulations. From these daily values the monthly mean zonal wind components were calculated for the levels 70, 50, 40, 30, 20, 15, and 10 hPa and a data set from 1953 to the present was produced by combining the observations of the three radiosonde stations Canton Island (closed 1967), Gan/Maledive Islands (closed 1975), and Singapore (data file: qbo.dat).
This data set is supposed to be representative of the equatorial belt since all studies have shown that longitudinal differences in the phase of the QBO are small. It should be noted, however, that some uncertainties arose at higher levels during the early years from the scarcity of observations. More information on the original data can be found in Naujokat (1986).
A second data set has been produced since 1987 from the Singapore data by using the daily vertical wind profiles to obtain a higher vertical resolution. In this set you will find the monthly mean zonal wind components at Singapore for every year from 1987 to the present at the levels 100 (since 1997), 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 45, 40, 35, 30, 25, 20, 15, 12, and 10-hPa (singapore.dat).
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Barbara Naujokat, Christian Marquardt, Freie Universitat Berlin.
Dataset Title: Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO) Zonal Wind Index
Dataset Release Place: Berlin, Germany
Dataset Publisher: Freie Universitat BerlinOnline Resource: http://www.geo.fu-berlin.de/en/met/ag/strat/produkte/qbo/
Start Date: 1953-01-01
Temporal Resolution: Biennial
Temporal Resolution Range: Annual Climatology
ISO Topic Category
Use Constraints Please cite the dataset originator if you use this data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online (HTTP)
Distribution Format: ASCII
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: marq at gfz-potsdam.de
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: naujokat at strat01.met.fu-berlin.de
Institut fur Meteorolgie der Freien Universitat Berlin Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 6-10
Postal Code: 12165
Naujokat, B. (1986), An update of the observed quasi-biennial oscillation of the stratospheric winds over the tropics, J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 1873-1877
Marquardt, C., and B. Naujokat (1997), An update of the equatorial QBO and its variability. 1st SPARC Gen. Assemb., WMO/TD, 1, 814, 87-90, Melbourne Australia
Marquardt, C. (1997), Die tropische QBO und dynamische prozesse in der stratosphdre., Ph.D. dissertation, Freie Universitdt Berlin
Extended Metadata Properties
(Click to view more)
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1999-07-30
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-09-24