Rock glaciers on South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula
Entry ID: GGD279

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Summary
Abstract: In the South Shetland Islands the investigators found eight active rock glaciers, no relict or fossil examples, and seven protalus ramparts. The rock glaciers are located on peninsulas and capes of the two main islands of the archipelago: King George and Livingston. The South Shetland Islands have a cold oceanic climate, characteristic of the maritime Antarctica, with frequent summer rains and moderate thermal amplitude, and a cold and humid morphoclimatic system, of crionival character. These climatic parameters facilitate the operation of periglacial processes, and the presence of a usually saturated active layer in summer. In the South Shetland Islands the presence of rock glaciers have been identified on Livingston Island (Martinez de Pison et al., 1991; Lopez-Martinez et al., 1992a, 1992b), on Admiralty Bay, in King George Island (Birkenmajer, 1981; Barsch et al., 1985) and in Fildes Peninsula (Barsch et al. 1985; Barsch, 1996; Cheng et al., 1996). Four further active rock glaciers have been identified during the present study in King George and Livingston Island (Serrano and Lopez-Martinez, in prep.). The rock glaciers are located in marginal zones, between 300 m asl and sea level, which has been recently deglaciated, and principally under 70 m asl, near 100 m under the Median Equilibrium Line Altitude (MELA). There are indications of a recent diminution of activity, with blurred fronts, mass movements in fronts and sides, lichen colonization and glaciokarstic processes. All of these indicate an inherited dynamic of past conditions in lower altitudes. References to rock glaciers are scarce in Antarctica, limited to a few examples in the Transantarctic Mountains, Victoria Land, South Georgia, James Ross Island, and South Shetland Islands. The spatial pattern of rock glaciers indicates that they are more represented in the periphery of Antarctica than in the interior of the continent, and are particularly numerous in the Antarctic Peninsula region. These data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.
Geographic Coverage
 N: -61.983 S: -63.667  E: -57.667  W: -62.75

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Serrano, E., J. Lopez-Martinez, J.M.G. Casado, J.J. Duran, E. Martinez de Pison, and P. Nicolos
Dataset Title: Rock glaciers on South Shetland Islands, Antarctic Peninsula
Dataset Release Date: 1998-01-01
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd279.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1994-01-01
Stop Date: 1997-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN > SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS > SOUTH SHETLAND ISLANDS, ANTARCTIC PENINSULA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >ROCK GLACIERS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >ROCK GLACIERS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Keywords
Mapping
Rock Glaciers


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Frozen Ground Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC FGDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text


Personnel
ENRIQUE SERRANO
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 34 42 201776
Fax: 34 42 201783
Email: serranoe at ccaix3.unican.es
Contact Address:
Universidad de Cantabria
Programa Nacional de Investigacion en la Antartida
Av. de Los Castros s/n.
City: Santander
Postal Code: 30012
Country: Spain


JERONIMO LOPEZ-MARTINEZ
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +34914974513
Fax: +34914972982
Email: jeronimo.lopez at uam.es
Contact Address:
Universidad Autonoma de Madrid
Departamento de Geologia y Geoquimica
Facultad de Ciencias
Campus de Canto Blanco
c/ Fco. Tomás y Valiente 7
City: Madrid
Province or State: Madrid
Postal Code: 28049
Country: Spain


JOSE MANUEL GONZALEZ CASADO
Role: INVESTIGATOR


JUAN JOSE DURAN
Role: INVESTIGATOR


EDUARDO MARTINEZ DE PISON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 34 1 397 4513
Email: emartinez at uam.es
Contact Address:
Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Dpto. Geografia
ERHIN Program, D.G.O.H., Environment National Ministry
Cantoblanco
City: Madrid
Postal Code: 28049
Country: Spain


PEDRO NICOLOS
Role: INVESTIGATOR


Publications/References
BARSCH, D.1996. Rochglaciers. Indicators for the present and former geoecology in high mountain environments. Springer Verlag, Berlin. 331 p.

BARSCH, D., BLUEMEL, W.D., FLUEGEL, W.A., MAUSBACHER, R., STAEBLEIN, G., ZICK, W.1985. Untersuchungen zum Periglazial auf der Koenig George-Insel, Suedshetlandinseln, Antarktika. Ber Polarforsch, 24:75.

BIRKENMAJER, K.1981. Lichenometric dating of raised marine beaches at Admiralty Bay, King George Island (South Shetland Islands, West Antarctica). Bulletin de L'Academie Polonaise des Sciences, vol. XXIX, 2:119-127.

BOCKHEIM, J.G.1995. Permafrost distribution in the Southern Circumpolar region and its relation to the environment: a review and recommendations for further research. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 6:27-45.
CHENG, Z., ZHIJIU, C.; JIANXIN, Z.1996. Relatonship between the distribution of periglacial landforms and glaciation history, Fildes Peninsula, King George islands Antarctica. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 7: 95-100.

LOPEZ-MARTINEZ, J., MARTINEZ DE PISON, E., ARCHE, A. 1992a. Geomorphology of Hurd Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. In Yoshida, Y. et al. Recent Progress in Antarctic Earth Science, Terrapub, Tokio:751-756.

LOPEZ-MARTINEZ, J., VILAPLANA, J.M., MARTINEZ DE PISON, E., CALVET, J. ARCHE, A., SERRAT, D., PALLAS, R. 1992b.- Geomorphology of selected areas in Livingston Island, South Shetland IslandS. In Lopez-Martinez, J. Geologia de la Antartida Occidental, III Congreso Geologico de Espana, T-III Salamanca :271-281.

MARTINEZ DE PISON, E., LOPEZ-MARTINEZ, J., ARCHE, A. 1991. Formas y depositos de la zona de Johnsons Dock. Mapa geomorfologico. Isla Livingston. Shetland del Sur, Antartida. Eria, Revista de Geografia, 24-25:39-45.

SERRANO, E.; LOPEZ-MARTINEZ, J.(In prep.).- Rock glaciers in the South Shetland Islands.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 1998-01-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-07-31

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