Active Layer Monitoring, Arctic and Subarctic Canada
Entry ID: GGD353

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Summary
Abstract: This project involves measuring regional and site variability in maximum annual active layer development and vertical surface movement over permafrost, and monitoring sites over time in order to observe trends. The project records maximum thaw penetration, maximum heave and subsidence, late season snow depths, current depth of thaw, elevation, and soil properties. Some sites are twinned with soil- and air-temperature recording equipment. The project includes about 60 monitoring stations extending from Fort Simpson, Canada, in the upper Mackenzie River valley to the Beaufort Sea coast at North Head, Richards Island, Canada. Ten of the sites are part of the IPA's Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring (CALM) Program. CALM site numbers are in parentheses after the site names: North Head (C3), Taglu (C4), Lousy Point (C5), Reindeer Depot (C7), Rengleng River (C8), Mountain River (C9), Norman Wells (C11), Ochre River (C13), Willowlake River (C14), and Fort Simpson (C15). See the CALM Program Web page for geographic coordinates and site history for all CALM sites. These data are the property of the people of Canada and the responsibility of the Geological Survey of Canada. If published, adequate acknowledgment is expected. Please contact F. M. Nixon regarding use of the data set or access to the extended data.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: CALM Program


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: CALM Web Page


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost


Geographic Coverage
 N: 69.717 S: 61.883  E: -121.6  W: -134.95

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Nixon, F. Mark
Dataset Title: Active Layer Monitoring, Arctic and Subarctic Canada
Dataset Release Date: 2003-05-22updated January 2009
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Version: 6
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/ggd353.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1991-01-01
Stop Date: 2007-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > CANADA > ARCTIC AND SUBARCTIC CANADA, INCLUDING 10 CANADIAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >PERMAFROST    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >ACTIVE LAYER    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >PERIGLACIAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >PERMAFROST    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >FROZEN GROUND >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >PERMAFROST    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >ACTIVE LAYER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >PERIGLACIAL PROCESSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >FROZEN GROUND >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL MOISTURE/WATER CONTENT    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >SOILS >SOIL TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TERRAIN ELEVATION    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >FREEZE/THAW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Keywords
Active Layer
Geocryology
Monitoring
Periglacial Processes
Permafrost
Snow
Soil Moisture
Soil Temperature
Thaw
Thermokarst


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NSIDC_FGDC


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Frozen Ground Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/fgdc/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC FGDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 865 KB
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text


Personnel
F. MARK NIXON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 613-992-2469
Fax: 613-992-0190
Email: mnixon at nrcan-rncan.gc.ca
Contact Address:
Geological Survey of Canada
191- 601 rue Booth Street
City: Ottawa
Province or State: Ontario
Postal Code: K1A 0E8
Country: Canada


R. MACKAY
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 604-822-2663
Fax: 604-822-6150
Contact Address:
University of British Columbia
Department of Geography
217-1984 West Mall
City: Vancouver
Province or State: BC
Postal Code: V6T 1Z2
Country: Canada


Publications/References
Aylsworth, J.M., and P.A. Egginton. 1994. Sensitivity of slopes to climate change. Mackenzie Basin Impact Study, Interim report #2, Proceedings of the sixth biennial AES/DIAND meeting on northern climate & mid study workshop of the Mackenzie basin impact study. Environment Canada.

Dyke, L.D., 2000. Stability of permafrost slopes in the Mackenzie Valley; In The Physical Environment of the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories: A Base Line for the Assessment of Environmental Change, Dyke LD, Brooks GR (eds). Bulletin 547, Geological Survey of Canada, p. 161–169.

Edlund, S.A., B.T. Alt, and K.L. Young. 1989. Interaction of climate, vegetation, and soil hydrology at Hot Weather Creek, Fosheim Peninsula, Ellesmere Island, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1989-D. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Hinzman, L.D., and D.L. Kane. 1992. Potential response of an arctic watershed during a period of global warming. Journal of Geophysical Research 97(D3): 2811-2820.

Kokelj S.V. and C.R. Burn, 2005. Geochemistry of the active layer and near-surface permafrost, Mackenzie delta region, Northwest Territories, Canada; Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 42(1), p. 37-48.

Mackay, J.R. 1976. Ice-wedges as indicators of recent climatic change, western Arctic coast. In Current Research 1976-A. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Mackay, J.R. 1975. The stability of permafrost and recent climatic change in the Mackenzie Valley, N.W.T. In Report of Activities, Part B, Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 75-1B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Mackay, J.R. 1973. A frost tube for the determination of freezing in the active layer above permafrost. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 10: 392-396.

Nixon, F.M. 2000. Thaw-depth monitoring. In Physical Environment of the Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories: a Base Line for the Assessment of Environmental Change, L.D. Dyke and G.R. Brooks, eds. Geological Survey of Canada Bulletin 547: 119-126.

Nixon, F.M., and A.E. Taylor. 1998. Regional active layer monitoring across the sporadic, discontinuous and continuous permafrost zones, Mackenzie Valley, northwestern Canada. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Yellowknife.

Nixon, F.M., A.E. Taylor, V.S. Allen, and F. Wright. 1995. Active layer monitoring in natural environments, lower Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1995-B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Nixon, F.M., and A.E. Taylor. 1994. Active layer monitoring in natural environments, Mackenzie Valley, Northwest Territories. In Current Research 1994-B. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Nixon, F.M., C. Tarnocai, and L. Kutny. 2003. Long-term active layer monitoring: Mackenzie Valley, northwest Canada. In Permafrost, Vol. 2, M. Philips, S. Springman, and L.U. Arenson, eds. Lisse, The Netherlands: A.A. Balkema Publishers, Swets & Zeitlinger.

Smith, S.L., M.M. Burgess, and F.M. Nixon. 2001. Response of active-layer and permafrost temperatures to warming during 1998 in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories and at Canadian Forces Station Alert and Baker Lake, Nunavut. In Current Research 2001-E5. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada.

Tarnocai C., F.M. Nixon, and L. Kutny. 2004. Circumpolar Active-Layer Monitoring (CALM) sites in the Mackenzie Valley, northwestern Canada. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes 15(2): 141-153.

Quinton WL, Shirazi T, Carey SK, Pomeroy JW., 2005. Soil water storage and active-layer development in a sub-alpine tundra hillslope, southern Yukon Territory, Canada; Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 16: p. 369–382.

Waelbroeck, C., P. Monfray, W.C. Oechel, S. Hastings, and G. Vourlitis. 1997. The impact of permafrost thawing on the carbon dynamics of tundra. Geophysical Research Letters 24: 229-232.

Wolfe, S.A., E. Kotler, and F.M. Nixon. 2000. Recent warming impacts in the Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, and northern Yukon Territory coastal areas. In Current Research 2000-B1. Ottawa: Geological Survey of Canada. Document is available online at: http://gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/bookstore/.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-05-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-08-01

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