National Environmental Specimen BankEntry ID: EPA0127
Abstract: The "National Environmental Specimen Bank," one of many projects
within the National Biomonitoring Specimen Bank (NBSB) at the
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was
established in 1979 as a pilot program to investigate the
feasibility of long-term storage of environmental samples.
Well-preserved and documented samples are archived for
retrospective analysis as analytical ... techniques improve or as
concerns about previously unidentified pollutants arise. To
date, this pilot project has focused primarily on the
establishment of a human liver bank, the analysis of
approximately 20% of the archived liver specimens for selected
organic and inorganic constituents, and research related to
specimen banking. Approximately 600 liver specimens have been
collected since 1980; analysis for trace elements, organic
pesticides, and PCBs have been done on about 100 of these
samples. In addition, NIST has made a comparison of different
storage conditions and has developed sampling and storage
protocols for archived specimens. The existing database on the
stored human liver specimens and the unanalyzed liver specimens
in the bank offer a number of opportunities, such as: providing
baseline environmental data for monitoring pollutant trends over
time and among different sites; providing the opportunity for
retrospective analysis of samples from the past; and evaluating
the stability of biological samples during storage.
Data Center: National Institute of Standards and Technology
Dissemination Media: Hard copy (journal publications) and
File Format: ASCII
Access Instructions: Contact the data center.
Availability Status: On Request
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Start Date: 1980-01-01
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Building 222, Room B-158
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20899
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). May 1992.
Inventory of Exposure-related Data Systems Sponsored by Federal
Agencies. Washington, DC : USEPA.
Wise, Stephen A. et al. 1989. "Experiences in Environmental
Specimen Banking." International Journal of Environmental
Analytical Chemistry; v. 37, p. 91-106.
Zeisler, R. et al., eds. 1983. "Biological Trace Element
Residues." National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 656.
Zeisler, R. et al., eds. 1983. "The Pilot Environmental National
Specimen Bank-Analysis of Human Liver Specimens." National
Bureau of Standards Special Publication 656.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-11-04
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-10-17