Historical Resource Exploitation in the Arctic and Antarctic
Entry ID: Historical_Resource_Exploitation_Avango_IPY10_NL

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Summary
Abstract: LASHIPA is a historical-archaeological research project, started within the framework of the International Polar Year (IPY) 2007-09 (see http://ipy.arcticportal.org/). The objectives of the project are to explain the development of industry in the polar areas from the 17th century until today and the consequences of that development for the geo political situation and the natural environment there. The main research questions are: why, how and under what economical and geo-political circumstances have the natural resources in the Polar Region been explored and exploited? What was the role of the settlements and stations in this process? What were the economic results and what were the consequences for the natural environment and the geopolitical situation?
The project is focused on a set of research problems, concerning a) the driving forces behind industrial development in the polar areas, b) the transfer of technology and community planning to polar environments, c) international competition over natural resources, d) international competition for national influence over polar no-man's lands and e) the impact of large scale natural resource utilisation on the natural environment.
LASHIPA seeks explanations and understandings from an international comparative perspective. Moreover it uses an historical-archaeological methodology, involving both historical research in archives and archaeological field work at industrial sites in the polar areas. Therefore, the project has performed nine archaeological expeditions in the Arctic and in Antarctica / South Atlantic:
LASHIPA 1 (2004) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden, Adventfjorden, Billefjorden and Sassenfjorden).
LASHIPA 2 (2005) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden and Grønfjorden)
LASHIPA 3 (2006) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden, Sassenfjorden, Grønfjorden, Bellsund, Van Mijenfjorden, Recherchefjorden and Van Keulenfjorden)
LASHIPA 4 (2007) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden, Grønfjorden and Adventfjorden)
LASHIPA 5 (2008) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden, Sassenfjorden, Adventfjorden, Jonsfjorden, Kongsfjorden, Krossfjorden, Tinayrebukta, Lilliehöökfjorden, Prins Karls Forland as well as several sites on Bjørnøya)
LASHIPA 6 (2009) South Georgia (Prince Olav Harbour, Ocean Harbour and Grytviken)
LASHIPA 7 (2009) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Isfjorden)
LASHIPA 8 (2010) Antarctica (South Orkney, Antarctic Peninsula, South Shetland)
LASHIPA 9 (2010) Spitsbergen / Svalbard (Hambergbukta on the east coast of Spitsbergen, South Cape, Horn Sound, Spitsbergen west coast, Bellsund, Recherchefjorden, Van Keulenfjorden and Isfjorden)
Most of the data was collected by documentation of remains visible above ground, using five different documentation techniques - 1) mapping with total station, 2) mapping with a GPS based mapping device, 3) digital photography, 4) hand measured drawings and 5) description in text.
The main researcher of one of the LASHIPA sub-project, collected data through an archaeological excavation (in addition to the above mentioned techniques). The excavation was performed at Kokerineset on Spitsbergen / Svalbard during LASHIPA 4 & 5 (pre-investigations were made during LASHIPA 2 & 3).
LASHIPA is led by the Arctic Centre, University of Groningen and include several university departments and research institutes internationally: Div of History of Science & Technology, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden; Industrial archaeology, Michigan Technological University in USA; European University of St Petersburg and The Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow, Russia. In Norway researchers from two organisations participate - National Board of Antiquities and the Economic History Section at the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, Bergen. In Great Britain researchers from the cultural heritage management of Scotland participate.
The main funding came from the Dutch Science Council (NWO). Substantial funding was provided by the Swedish Research Council (Vetenskapsrådet, VR) and some funding from the National Science Foundation in the USA (NSF) as well as other funding agencies internationally.
For additional information on LASHIPA, visit: http://www.lashipa.nl


Purpose: The objective of the LASHIPA expeditions was closely connected to the overall objectives and research questions of the program and its sub-projects (mainly PhD & Post-doc projects). Therefore, the archaeological data from LASHIPA has served several purposes.
However, in general, the project members of LASHIPA has collected the data with the purpose of dealing with four of the main research problems of the project: 1) the transfer of technology and community planning to polar environments, 2) international competition over natural resources, 3) international competition for national influence over polar no-man's lands and 4) the impact of large scale natural resource utilisation on the natural environment. The data in the database all relate, in one way or the other, to the above mentioned research problems. A second main purpose of the data is for relevant organisations to use it for the protection and management of cultural heritage in the polar areas.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE


Geographic Coverage
 N: 79.5 S: 76.7  E: 23.0  W: 10.0
 N: -54.0 S: -65.0  E: -36.0  W: -64.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Dag Avango
Dataset Title: Historical Resource Exploitation
Dataset Release Place: The Netherlands
Dataset Publisher: RUG Arctic Centre, The Netherlands


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2004-08-01
Stop Date: 2011-12-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > SVALBARD AND JAN MAYEN > Splitsbergen
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > SOUTH GEORGIA ISLAND
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >BOUNDARIES >POLITICAL DIVISIONS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ECONOMIC RESOURCES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIOECONOMICS >INDUSTRIALIZATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >BUILDINGS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >COMMUNICATIONS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >CULTURAL FEATURES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >TRANSPORTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >LAND MANAGEMENT >LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND RESOURCES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE >LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >PRESERVATION    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BOUNDARIES
ECONOMY


Instrument
GPS >Global Positioning System    [Information]
CAMERA


Project
IPY >INTERNATIONAL POLAR YEAR    [Information]
LASHIPA >Large Scale Historical Industrial Exploitation of Polar Areas    [Information]


Access Constraints
No constraints


Use Constraints
Please contact Dag Avango / Louwrens Hacquebord for proper citation.


Keywords
IPY-NL
Total Station
Camera
MS Farm
Seal
Golden Fleece


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Originating Center
RUG Arctic Centre, Groningen, The Netherlands


Data Center
Arctic Centre, University of Groningen, The Netherlands    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.let.rug.nl/arctic

Data Center Personnel
Name: FRITS STEENHUISEN
Phone: +31 (0) 50 363 6056
Email: f.steenhuisen at rug.nl
Contact Address:
Aweg 30
City: Groningen
Province or State: Groningen
Postal Code: 9718 CW
Country: The Netherlands


Data Archiving and Networked Services, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, Netherlands    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.dans.knaw.nl/en

Data Center Personnel
Name: VALENTIJN GILISSEN
Phone: +31 (0)70 344 6484
Phone: +31 (0)6 202 510 16
Fax: +31 (0)70 344 6482
Email: valentijn.gilissen at dans.knaw.nl
Email: info at dans.knaw.nl
Contact Address:
Postbus 93067
City: Den Haag
Province or State: Zuid Holland
Postal Code: 2509 AB
Country: The Netherlands



Distribution
Distribution_Media: digital


Personnel
DAG JONAS AVANGO
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +46 8 790 87 37
Phone: +46 733 788 579
Fax: +46 8 24 61 62
Email: avango at kth.se
Contact Address:
Div of History of Science & Technology
City: Stockholm
Province or State: Stockholm
Postal Code: 10044
Country: Sweden


LOUWRENS HACQUEBORD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +31 50 3636834
Fax: +31 50 363 6992
Email: L.Hacquebord at rug.nl
Contact Address:
Aweg 30
City: Groningen
Province or State: Groningen
Postal Code: 9718 CW
Country: The Netherlands



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2010-01-15
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-10-15

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