Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) Online Geospatial Database
Entry ID: SAMAB_SAA

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Summary
Abstract: The Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) was a cooperative multi-agency effort
to assess the environmental condition of the Southern Appalachian region. The
SAA was described as the ecological equivalent of a thorough medical checkup.
It has often been cited as an example of how governmental agencies should work
together on a regular basis, within and across jurisdictions.

The Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere (SAMAB) program coordinated the
SAA efforts of Federal and state agencies, universities, special interest
groups, and private citizens. Four interdisciplinary teams assessed the status
of terrestrial, atmospheric, aquatic, and social/cultural/economic resources.

The SAA database was built primarily with publicly available data from Federal
and State agencies. Converting the data to a common, useable format was a major
undertaking. GIS provided the vehicle to accomplish this task. All SAA
geospatial datasets were transformed to an Albers Equal-Area Conic Projection.
Some 1500 organizations and individuals received copies of the CD-ROM set, and
many more have downloaded datasets from the website.

An illustrated five-volume report on the SAA was published in July 1996. Some
11,000 copies were distributed to governmental offices, elected officials,
environmental practitioners, researchers, educators, and interested citizens.
The report still is available in portable-document format (PDF) at the SAMAB
website.

The SAA database has become a unique resource of great value to scientists,
planners, decision-makers, and citizens in all sectors of the regional
community. The database has been used extensively for many subsequent studies
by individual SAMAB member agencies and third parties. It has often been used
for demonstrations of GIS technologies. Educators use it for instruction and
class work assignments, and many students use it for thesis projects.

[Summary provided by SAMAB]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: SAMAB Data and Information.


Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) Online Geospatial Database.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 40.195526 S: 32.44601  E: -76.60273  W: -86.76972

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Herman, K.A
Dataset Title: Southern Appalachian Assessment (SAA) Online Geospatial Database
Dataset Release Date: 1996-03-21
Dataset Release Place: Knoxville, Tennessee
Dataset Publisher: Southern Appalachain Man and the Biosphere Program
Version: 3.0
Data Presentation Form: maps and tables
Other Citation Details: Digital data include maps at 1:24,000, 1:100,000, 1:250,000, 1:2,000,000
Online Resource: http://samab.org/data/SAA_data.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1983-01-01
Stop Date: 1996-12-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTHERN APPALACHIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ALABAMA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > GEORGIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > NORTH CAROLINA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > SOUTH CAROLINA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TENNESSEE
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > VIRGINIA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > WEST VIRGINIA


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >FOREST SCIENCE >FOREST PRODUCTS/COMMODITIES    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >FOREST SCIENCE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >AGRICULTURAL LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >BEACHES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >DESERTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >FORESTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >GRASSLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >KARST LANDSCAPE    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SAVANNAS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SHRUBLAND/SCRUB    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >URBAN LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >BOUNDARIES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIOECONOMICS >INDUSTRIALIZATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE >TRANSPORTATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >INFRASTRUCTURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >LAND MANAGEMENT >LAND USE/LAND COVER CLASSIFICATION    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >POPULATION >POPULATION SIZE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >POPULATION    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >DRAINAGE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >HYDROPATTERN    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >TOTAL SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WATER CHANNELS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WETLANDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >EARTH GASES/LIQUIDS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER CHEMISTRY    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Quality
The Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Program (SAMAB) makes these data
publicly available on an "as-is" basis.

Although SAMAB and its associates strive to assure that their digital datasets
are accurate, useful, and current at the time of their compilation, SAMAB makes
not warranties--expressed or implied--as to the accuracy, completeness, or
usability of these data or any accompanying metadata and other support files.
The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no
responsibility is assumed by SAMAB in the use of this data, software, or
related materials.

Neither SAMAB nor any of its members, partners, sponsors, contractors, or data
providers shall be responsible for any claims attributable to errors,
omissions, or other inaccuracies. In no event shall they be liable for direct,
indirect, special, incidental, or consequential loss or damage of any nature
caused to any person, party, or entity resulting from any use of these data.

The recipients of a dataset shall bear full responsibility to determine the
fitness of the data for each and every intended use. Some known usability
issues are mentioned under "Use Constraints" in the Identification section of
the present metadata document. Careful attention should also be paid to the
contents of the metadata files that may be associated with individual datasets.

These disclaimers apply to use of SAMAB data alone as well as to aggregate use
with data from other sources.

SAMAB makes these data available to the public free of charge. SAMAB does not
countenance secondary distribution of these data. Recipients may not assert any
proprietary rights to any of these data, nor represent them to anyone as other
than free SAMAB data.


Access Constraints
None in principle, but during times of heavy demand that threatens to exceed
system resources, the host computer may limit the number of visitors granted
access. SAMAB reserves the right to provide preferential access to users from
its member agencies during such periods.


Use Constraints
Use of these data shall constitute the user's implicit acceptance of all
Distribution Constraints and liability disclaimers set forth in the
Distribution section of the present metadata document.

The datasets, as compiled and processed by SAMAB, were intended to provide an
overview of resource conditions at a multi-state regional level. They were not
intended--and probably are unsuitable--for detailed local analyses.

To avoid the risk of misinterpretation, invalid results, and erroneous
conclusions, the users must consider original map scale, collection
methodology, currency of data, and any other conditions specific to every data
element and each dataset as a whole. The user must be aware that errors and
conditions originating from physical sources involved in developing a dataset
may be reflected in the data, and that the digital processing performed during
preparation, storage, and transmission of the dataset may have exacerbated such
errors and/or introduced additional ones.

The user should pay careful attention to the contents of the metadata file
associated with the dataset, if available. However, the user must be aware that
some of the information in the metadata itself may be erroneous and that
reliable accuracy information is unavailable for many of the datasets.
Furthermore, the user is cautioned that knowledge about the accuracy of
original data sources from which SAMAB datasets were derived may not be
directly applicable to the SAMAB data because of the reprojection and
rubbersheeting that was often necessary to make major features and the
georeferencing of data layers from different sources match each other for
overlay analysis.


Keywords
GIS
watershed
hydrologic unit
hydrologic unit code
HUC
hydrology
drainage basin
land use
land cover
population density
natural resource
environment
ecology
ecological
environmental
sustainable
biosphere
human
social
cultural
economic
history
community
ecosystem
population
settlement
road
rail
resource management
social change
national park
national forest
national monument
forest
forestry
agriculture
pasture
deciduous forest
evergreen forest
mixed forest
herbaceous
barren land
agricultural
wetland
developed
industry
industrial output
economic trend
nonindustrial
private land
workforce
timber
species
government
supply
demand
pulpwood
sawlog
hardwood
price
quality
grade
landscape
nature study
cultural activities


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
SAMAB


Data Center
The Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://samab.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: SAMAB
Phone: 865-974-4583
Fax: 865-974-4609
Email: samab at utk.edu
Contact Address:
The Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere (SAMAB)
314 Conference Center Building
City: USAKnoxville
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37996-4138
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: online
Distribution_Format: ArcInfo 7.x interchange (.e00)
Fees: No fees


Personnel
TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


WOLF NAEGELI
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1-865-584-4806
Fax: 1-413-383-4946
Email: wnn at utk.edu
Contact Address:
Southern Appalachian Man and the Biosphere Program (SAMAB)
314 Conference Center Building
600 Henley Street
City: Knoxville
Province or State: TN
Postal Code: 37996-4138
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-10-02
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-10-15

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