Impact of Black Saturday bushfire plume and other pyrocarbon emissions on stratospheric ozone above Antarctica
Entry ID: AAS_3229

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Summary
Abstract: Metadata record for data from AAS (ASAC) project 3229.

Public Summary:
We investigate the impact of Black Saturday Australian bushfire in 2009 on the atmosphere above Australia and in the southern hemisphere in general, including Antarctica. Using high quality measurements collected by modern satellite and ground-based instruments, we study vertical and horizontal motion of the smoke plume, chemical composition of this plume, and chemical reactions between various molecules in the plume and other atmospheric gases. We want to answer an important question on how the bushfire plume may interact with the ozone molecules and whether it adds to the depletion of the protective ozone layer above Australia and above Antarctica.

Project Objectives:
- Using satellite and ground-based measurements, investigate the horizontal and vertical transport of the plume that resulted from Black Saturday Australian bushfire in February 2009. This includes analysis of the short-term (within one month) and long-term (up to several years) transport of plume material. Perform this analysis for other significant bushfire events that may occur in the southern hemisphere throughout the duration of this project and result in the injection of plume material into the stratosphere.
- Study the evolution in chemical composition of stratospheric aerosols associated with Black Saturday bushfire and other significant pyrocarbon events.
- Analyse the short- and long-term effects of Black Saturday bushfire and other significant pyrocarbon events in the southern hemisphere on the stratospheric ozone concentration at various locations and in particular on the Antarctic ozone hole.
- Analyse the climate impact of bushfire plume material injected into the stratosphere.

Taken from the 2010-2011 Progress Report:
- We used the Odin/OSIRIS and CALIPSO satellite data and investigated the horizontal and vertical transport of the Australian-2009 Black Saturday bushfire smoke plume in the stratosphere in February-June 2009.
- We identified the enhanced water absorption bands in the OSIRIS spectra of smoke plume. We are currently studying this smoke hydration in the stratosphere using multiple satellite instruments. A paper for Geophysical Research letters is currently in preparation.
- We are currently investigating the horizontal spread of bushfire smoke material to all locations in the Northern and Southern hemispheres, up to the polar regions.

2012-11-12 Update
The data are from the OSIRIS (Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System) instrument on the Odin satellite.

The exact data used in project 3229 are: Level 1 spectral solar irradiances measured by OSIRIS in February - June 2009. The detailed description of the wavelengths used and the approach to data analysis are given in the paper:

Siddaway, J. M. and S. V. Petelina (2011), Transport and evolution of the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire smoke in the lower stratosphere observed by OSIRIS on Odin, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D06203, doi:10.1029/2010JD015162.

Related URL
Link: GET SERVICE
Description: Access the data - authorisation required


Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: Public information for ASAC project 3229


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset.


Geographic Coverage
 N: -35.0 S: -70.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2009-02-01
Stop Date: 2012-03-31


Location Keywords
OCEAN > SOUTHERN OCEAN
CONTINENT > AUSTRALIA/NEW ZEALAND > AUSTRALIA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > STRATOSPHERE
VERTICAL LOCATION > TROPOSPHERE


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >AEROSOLS >DUST/ASH/SMOKE    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >AIR QUALITY >TROPOSPHERIC OZONE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >NATURAL HAZARDS >WILDFIRES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY >OXYGEN COMPOUNDS >OZONE    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
ENVIRONMENT


Platform
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
SATELLITES    [Information]
ODIN    [Information]


Instrument
LIDAR >Light Detection and Ranging    [Information]


Quality
Values provided in temporal and spatial coverage are approximate only.


Access Constraints
This project did not collect any of its own data, but used data from the Canadian Space Agency and European Space Agency. Data can be accessed for free from these agencies, but users must first register. The data are from the OSIRIS (Optical Spectrograph and Infrared Imager System) instrument on the Odin satellite.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AAS_3229 when using these data.


Keywords
Bushfire
Black Saturday
Smoke
Plume
Atmosphere


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


Personnel
SVETLANA PETELINA
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 9479 2128
Email: s.petelina at latrobe.edu.au
Contact Address:
Department of Physics
La Trobe University
Province or State: Victoria
Postal Code: 3086
Country: Australia


DAVE J. CONNELL
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: dave.connell at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


Publications/References
Tully, M.B., Klekociuk, A.R., Alexander, S.P., Dargaville, R.J., Deschamps, L.L., Fraser, P.J., Gies, H.P., Henderson, S.I., Javorniczky, J., Krummel, P.B., Petelina, S.V., Shanklin, J.D., Siddaway, J.M. and Stone, K.A. (2011), The Antarctic ozone hole during 2008 and 2009., Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 61, 77-90

Klekociuk, A., Siddaway, J., Petelina, S., Grystai, A., Alexander, S., Milinevsky, G. and Dargaville, R. (2011), Trends in the zonal asymmetry of Antarctic stratospheric ozone, Greenhouse 2011: The Science of Climate Change, Cairns, Australia, 4-8 April

Siddaway, J.M., Petelina, S.V., Feofilov, A.G., Zasetsky, A.Y., Klekociuk, A.R. and Urban, J. (2010), UTLS hydration from the smoke plume from the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire, 2010 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, 13-17 December 2010, San Francisco Abstract A218-0059

Siddaway, J. M. and S. V. Petelina (2011), Transport and evolution of the 2009 Australian Black Saturday bushfire smoke in the lower stratosphere observed by OSIRIS on Odin, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, 116, D06203, 9, doi:doi:10.1029/2010JD015162

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2011-11-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-01-10

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