Modification of the type of dietary fat at an Antarctic station: impact on cardiovascular risk factors
Entry ID: AADC-00086

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Summary
Abstract: This dataset is a record of a nutrition project held on Davis station during the year 1989. The abstract of the report is as follows.

Many countries have drawn up dietary guidelines for their populations in an attempt to decrease the premature mortality and morbidity associated with coronary heart disease (CHD). One of the consistent recommendations has been the partial substitution of saturated fatty acids (SFA) by polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). More recently, as a shadow has been cast over the long-term safety of high PUFA intakes, epidemiological and intervention studies have suggested that monosaturated fatty acids (MUFA), especially oleic acid, enrichment of the diet might not only improve plasma lipid and lipoprotein profiles as effectively as the PUFA, but may have other advantages including anti-thrombotic activity and anti-oxidation properties.

The principle aims of this nutrition project were to examine the effectiveness of dietary goals in practice and to compare MUFA and PUFA in terms of improvement of lipid and lipoprotein profiles and dietary acceptance. This project was undertaken at Davis station, Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica. Thirty expeditioners, all members of the Australian National Antarctic Research Expedition's (ANARE) 1989 wintering expedition, acted as subjects in the study. The subjects were all fit and healthy men and women on no medication.

The fields in this dataset include:
Cholesterol
Energy
Fat Protein
Carbohydrate
Alcohol
SFA
MUFA
PUFA
Change in TC level
Change in LDL-C level
Date
Dietary Period
Nutrient
Post Dietary Period Analysis
Control Stations
Mean station Levels + SEM (mmol/L)
HDL-C+SEM
LDL-C+SEM
LDL-C / HDLC
Mean Triglyceride Levels
Mean Gamma-Glutamyl Transferase
Fatty Acid Class (Mean % of total)
Week
Weight
Skinfold
Waist/hip Ratio
Blood Pressure

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Download point for data


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Citation reference for this metadata record and dataset


Geographic Coverage
 N: -66.0 S: -66.0  E: 110.0  W: 110.0
 N: -68.0 S: -68.0  E: 72.0  W: 72.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Ayton, J.
Dataset Title: Modification of the type of dietary fat at an Antarctic station: impact on cardiovascular risk factors
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2003-03-21
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Online Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1989-01-09
Stop Date: 1989-12-11


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >PUBLIC HEALTH >ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH FACTORS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >PUBLIC HEALTH >MORBIDITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
HEALTH


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]


Access Constraints
The dataset is available for download from the provided URL.


Use Constraints
This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=AADC-00086 when using these data.


Keywords
ALCOHOL
BLOOD PRESSURE
CARBOHYDRATE
CHOLESTEROL
DATE
DIETARY FAT
DIETARY PERIOD
ENERGY
FAT PROTEIN
FATTY ACIDS
FOLIC ACID
GAMMA-GLUTAMY TRANSFERASE
LIPOPROTEIN CHOLESTEROL
NUTRIENT
SERUM TOTAL CHOLESTEROL
SHINFOLD
TRIGLYCERIDES
VITAMINS B12
WAIST/HIP RATIO
WEEK
WEIGHT


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
Australian Antarctic Division


Data Center
Australian Antarctic Data Centre, Australia    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://data.aad.gov.au

Data Center Personnel
Name: DATA OFFICER AADC
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: metadata at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Distribution
Distribution_Media: HTTP
Distribution_Size: 20 kb
Distribution_Format: excel
Fees: free


Personnel
JEFF AYTON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +61 3 6232 3300
Fax: +61 3 6232 3310
Email: jeff.ayton at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
Australian Antarctic Division
203 Channel Highway
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia


SARAH JANINE PARK
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6232 3157
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: sarah.park at aad.gov.au
Contact Address:
203 Channel Highway
Australian Antarctic Division
City: Kingston
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Country: Australia



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2003-03-21
Last DIF Revision Date: 2014-09-22

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