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Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River.
Entry ID: usgs_brd_cerc_d_lower_Miss


Summary
Abstract: The Lower Mississippi River contributes significantly to the biodiversity and
ecological stability of the alluvial valley, but agricultural, industrial and
municipal developments have historically impacted the environmental quality of
the river. Toxicity of sediment and sediment pore water was used to assess the
current effects of major cities on sediment quality along the Lower Mississippi
River. Composite sediment samples were collected from four sites upriver and
four sites downriver of five major cities: Cairo, IL; Memphis, TN; Vicksburg,
MS; Baton Rouge, LA; and New Orleans, LA. Acute toxicity was determined by
exposing Hyalella azteca to solid-phase sediment for 10 days with two water
renewals per day and to sediment pore water under static conditions for 96
hours.

Composite sediment samples were collected from four sites upriver and four
sites downriver of five major cities: Cairo, IL; Memphis, TN; Vicksburg, MS;
Baton Rouge, LA; and New Orleans, LA.


Purpose: Toxicity of sediment and sediment pore water was used to assess the current effects of major cities on sediment quality along the Lower Mississippi River.

Related URL
Link: View Related Information
Description: Metadata On CERC's NBII Metadata Node


Link: View Related Information


Geographic Coverage
 N: 40.0 S: 29.0  E: -90.0  W: -95.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: U.S.G.S, BRD, Columbia Environmental Research Center; University of Georgia, Warnell School of Forest Resources; Parley Winger
Dataset Title: Toxicity of Sediment Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi River.
Dataset Release Date: 1995
Dataset Release Place: Athens, GA
Dataset Publisher: USGS, BRD, Columbia Environmental Research Center
Online Resource: http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/clearinghouse/data/usgs_brd_cerc_d_toxsedl...


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1994-12-06
Stop Date: 1995-02-07


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > ILLINOIS > Cairo
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > LOUISIANA > New Orleans, LA
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > LOUISIANA > Baton Rouge
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > MISSISSIPPI > Vicksburg
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TENNESSEE > Memphis, TN


Science Keywords
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES >ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES    [Definition]
AGRICULTURE >AGRICULTURAL CHEMICALS >PESTICIDES >ORGANOPHOSPHATE INSECTICIDES    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS >RIVERS/STREAM >TOXICITY    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >ECOSYSTEMS >MARINE ECOSYSTEMS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >ORGANOCHLORINES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >ORGANOPHOSPHATES    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >PAHS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >POLYAROMATIC HYDROCARBONS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >CONTAMINANT LEVELS/SPILLS >TOXICITY OF SEDIMENT    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >CHROMIUM    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >COPPER    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >LEAD    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >MANGANESE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >NICKEL    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS >HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION >ZINC    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY >SEDIMENT PORE WATER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENT CHEMISTRY >TOXICITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENT COMPOSITION >SEDIMENT PORE WATER    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
null
null


Platform
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]


Quality
Detection limits for compounds included in the PAH screen were < 0.3
micrograms per gram wet weight, <0.1 microgram per gram for PCB isomers, <0.2
micrograms per gram for organphosphates and <0.05 micrograms per gram for OCLs.
Detection limits for metals were approximately 0.1 micrograms per gram dry
weight. Field duplicates and blanks included for quality control represented
about 10% of the samples. Procedural blanks were below detection limits and
recoveries from spiked samples were within 10%. Relative standard deviation
between duplicates averaged 6% and field blanks were below detectable
concentrations. Cadmium was analyzed but not reported because measurements on
quality assurance/quality control samples did not meet acceptance criteria.


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
BATON ROUGE, LA
CAIRO, IL
CHROMIUM
CONTAMINANTS
COPPER
FATE
IL
ILLINOIS
LA
LEAD
LOUISIANA
LOWER MISSISSIPPI
MANGANESE
MEMPHIS, TN
MI
MISSISSIPPI
NBII
NEW ORLEANS, LA
NICKEL
ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES
ORGANOPHOSPHATE INSECTICIDES
PAHS
PCBS
POLYAROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS
TENNESSEE
TN
TRANSPORT
VICKSBURG, MS
ZINC


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Columbia Environmental Research Center, Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.cerc.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: CHRIS HENKE
Phone: (573) 875-5399
Fax: (573) 876-1863
Email: chris_henke at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Biological Resources Division
Columbia Environmental Research Center
4200 New Haven Road
City: Columbia
Province or State: MO
Postal Code: 65201-9634
Country: USA


Personnel
TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


PARLEY WINGER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 706-546-2146
Fax: 706-542-1235
Email: Parley_Winger at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resources Division
Warnell School of Forest Resources
Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, University of Georgia
City: Athens
Province or State: GA
Postal Code: 30602-2152
Country: GEORGIA


Publications/References
Parley V. Winger and Peter J. Lasier. U.S. Geological Survey, Biological
Resources Division, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. University of Georgia,
Warnell School of Forest Resources, Athens, GA 1996. Toxicity of Sediment
Collected Upriver and Downriver of Major Cities along the Lower Mississippi
River.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2000-04-01
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18
Future DIF Review Date: 2001-04-01



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