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Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Major and Trace Elements in Simulated Rainfall Runoff From Parking Lots, Austin, Texas, 2003
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2004_1208


Summary
Abstract: Samples of creek bed sediment collected near seal-coated parking lots in
Austin, Texas, by the City of Austin during 2001-02 had unusually elevated
concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). To investigate the
possibility that PAHs from seal-coated parking lots might be transported to
urban creeks, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the City of
Austin, sampled runoff and scrapings from four test plots and 13 urban parking
lots. The surfaces sampled comprise coal-tar-emulsion-sealed,
asphalt-emulsion-sealed, unsealed asphalt, and unsealed concrete. Particulates
and filtered water in runoff and surface scrapings were analyzed for PAHs. In
addition, particulates in runoff were analyzed for major and trace elements.
Samples of all three media from coal-tar-sealed parking lots had concentrations
of PAHs higher than those from any other types of surface. The average total
PAH concentrations in particulates in runoff from parking lots in use were
3,500,000, 620,000, and 54,000 micrograms per kilogram from coal-tar-sealed,
asphalt-sealed, and unsealed (asphalt and concrete combined) lots,
respectively. The probable effect concentration sediment quality guideline is
22,800 micrograms per kilogram. The average total PAH (sum of detected PAHs)
concentration in filtered water from parking lots in use was 8.6 micrograms per
liter for coal-tar-sealed lots; the one sample analyzed from an asphalt-sealed
lot had a concentration of 5.1 micrograms per liter and the one sample analyzed
from an unsealed asphalt lot was 0.24 microgram per liter. The average total
PAH concentration in scrapings was 23,000,000, 820,000, and 14,000 micrograms
per kilogram from coal-tar-sealed, asphalt-sealed, and unsealed asphalt lots,
respectively. Concentrations were similar for runoff and scrapings from the
test plots. Concentrations of lead and zinc in particulates in runoff
frequently exceeded the probable effect concentrations, but trace element
concentrations showed no consistent variation with parking lot surface type.

[Summary provided by USGS.]

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Report on the Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and
Major and Trace Elements in Simulated Rainfall Runoff From Parking Lots,
Austin, Texas, 2003.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 31.0 S: 30.0  E: -97.0  W: -98.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Barbara J. Mahler, Peter C. Van Metre, and Jennifer T. Wilson
Dataset Title: Concentrations of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and Major and Trace Elements in Simulated Rainfall Runoff From Parking Lots, Austin, Texas, 2003
Dataset Series Name: Open File Report 2004-1208
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Release Place: Austin, Texas
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Data Presentation Form: online files
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1208/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2001-02-01
Stop Date: 2001-02-28


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > TEXAS > Austin


Science Keywords
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >SURFACE WATER PROCESSES/MEASUREMENTS >RUNOFF    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >CONTAMINANTS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >HYDROCARBONS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >TOXIC CHEMICALS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >SEDIMENT TRANSPORT    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER TRACE ELEMENTS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS


Platform
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Keywords
OFR
Open File Report
Runoff
Water Quality
Major Elements
Trace Elements
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs)
Lead
Zinc


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/

Data Center Personnel
Name: ASK USGS
Phone: 1-888-275-8747
Email: ask at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
City: Reston
Province or State: Virginia
Postal Code: 20192
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees


Personnel
ASK USGS
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1-888-275-8747
Email: ask at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
12201 Sunrise Valley Drive
City: Reston
Province or State: Virginia
Postal Code: 20192
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-02-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-01-27



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