Influence of rock moisture on rock weathering processes along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica
Entry ID: K056_2002_2005_NZ

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Summary
Abstract: The role of moisture in the weathering of rock at four locations along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica was investigated. These locations were Victoria Valley, Gneiss Point, Terra Nova Bay and Teall Island. The primary objective of this research is to improve our understanding of rock weathering processes, and their effectiveness, along a moisture gradient on the Victoria Land Coast. An improved understanding of both the processes involved and the rate at which rock weathering occurs will contribute to our understanding of landscape evolution and soil development, as well as some possible effects of climate change. Field measurements were made to provide data to determine the temperature and moisture regimes of each location which will then be used to simulate the respective rock micro-climates and apply these to rock samples in an environmental cabinet (laboratory). Field data includes: surface and sub-surface rock temperature, surface and sub-surface rock moisture content, rock strength (using a Schmidt hammer and a ultrasonic device), measurements of solar radiation, albedo of the rocks and position of shadows, weather measurements including air temperature, air pressure, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, cloud cover, visibility and precipitation conditions, a general description of the area and relevant features, and digital images of the rock surfaces. The processes operating at each site were determined by developing an algorithm and applying the gathered data. Rock samples were collected and used in laboratory simulations. A mathematical model was developed that will predict changes in weathering rate depending on changes in moisture in the rock. Rock samples were also analysed for their mineral and chemical composition.

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: University of Canterbury, Christchurch New Zealand


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Geographic Coverage
 N: -74.6833 S: -79.05  E: 164.1166  W: 161.9166

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2002-10-17
Stop Date: 2004-11-22


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA LAND COAST
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Hourly


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >TEMPERATURE PROFILES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >WEATHERING    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE >LANDSCAPE PROCESSES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Instrument
THERMOCOUPLES    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
CHRISTINE ELLIOTT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 3 366 7001
Email: c.elliot at canterbury.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
University of Canterbury
City: Private Bag
Province or State: Christchurch
Postal Code: 4800
Country: NEW ZEALAND


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Elliott, C. Modelling the influence of moisture variations on physical rock weathering processes in Antarctica: proposed investigations and preliminary results. in: Extended abstracts - 8th International Conference on Permafrost, Zurich, Switzerland, July 20-25, 2003. Haeberli W. Brandova D. (eds): International Permafrost Association. 2003. pp.31-32

Elliott, C. Surface moisture availability and rock weathering in cold climates. New Zealand geographer 60(1): 44-51, 2003.

Elliott, C. Antarctica, Scott Base and environs. New Zealand geographer 61: 68-76, 2005.

Elliott, C. Rock weathering along the Victoria Land coast, Antarctica. Ph.D., University of Canterbury. 2006.

Elliott, C. 2008. Influence of temperature and moisture availability on physical rock weathering along the Victoria Land Coast, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 20: 61-67.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-07-26
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-03-05

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