The role of moisture in rock weathering at Victoria Valley, Victoria Land, Antarctica
Entry ID: K056_2002_2005_NZ_2

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Summary
Abstract: Field measurements and rock samples were taken at Victoria Valley (02-03) to determine the role of moisture in rock weathering processes along the Victoria land Coast. Surface and sub-surface temperatures were taken from rocks in the area. Holes were drilled into the rock at 45mm, 90mm and 400mm depths with thermocouples inserted and attached. Measurements were made at one-minute intervals during each physical visit in order to determine the number of times the temperature gradients at either the surface or the individual depths exceeded 2° C per minute, a recognised threshold for thermal weathering to occur. The data loggers were then set to record the temperature hourly for the October to January period. Surface and sub-surface moisture content was also measured. Surface moisture sensors were attached to the rock surface measuring date, time of surface moisture event and their magnitude. The time events happened was analysed to see how they correlated with changes in moisture at depth within the rock. Manual measurement were recorded at 45mm and 90mm depths within the rock for a 48 hour period. In addition to these measurements the hardness of the rock site was conducted using a Schmidt Hammer and a sonometer (to measure velocity of sound waves) as proxies for rock strength, digital images of rock surfaces were taken, estimation of the availability of moisture using a rainfall sensor, a general description of the area including GPS co-ordinates, weather characteristics and other relevant features were taken, solar radiation, rock albedo and position of shadows were measures and a series of weather observations was undertaken including; air temperature, air pressure, relative humidity, wind speed and direction, cloud cover and type, visibility and precipitation conditions. Rock samples were collected for later use in laboratory simulations and analysed for their mineral and chemical composition. An empirically based mathematical model will be developed that will predict changes in weathering rate depending on changes in moisture in the rock. In the 04/05 season data on rock surface and sub-surface temperatures at 1 minute intervals, manual recordings of moisture at 45mm and 90mm depths within the rock every 4 hours for approximately 4 days for each of 2 aspects and repeated rock strength, samples and other measurements were carried out.

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: University of Canterbury, Christchurch New Zealand


Parent DIF
This data set description is a member of a collection. The collection is described in
K056_2002_2005_NZ


Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.3833 S: -77.3833  E: 161.9167  W: 161.9167

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2002-10-17
Stop Date: 2004-11-22


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA LAND COAST
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Data Resolution
Temporal Resolution: Hourly


Science Keywords
ATMOSPHERE >ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE >TEMPERATURE PROFILES    [Definition]
ATMOSPHERE >PRECIPITATION >SNOW    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >EROSION    [Definition]
SOLID EARTH >ROCKS/MINERALS/CRYSTALS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE >LANDSCAPE PROCESSES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION


Instrument
THERMOCOUPLES    [Information]


Project
LGP >Latitudinal Gradient Project    [Information]
EBA >Evolution and Biodiversity in the Antarctic    [Information]


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
CHRISTINE ELLIOTT
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 3 366 7001
Email: c.elliot at canterbury.ac.nz
Contact Address:
Department of Geography
University of Canterbury
City: Private Bag
Province or State: Christchurch
Postal Code: 4800
Country: NEW ZEALAND


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Elliott, C. Modelling the influence of moisture variations on physical rock weathering processes in Antarctica: proposed investigations and preliminary results. in: Extended abstracts - 8th International Conference on Permafrost, Zurich, Switzerland, July 20-25, 2003. Haeberli W. Brandova D. (eds): International Permafrost Association. 2003. pp.31-32

Elliott, C. Surface moisture availability and rock weathering in cold climates. New Zealand geographer 60(1): 44-51, 2003.

Elliott, C. Antarctica, Scott Base and environs. New Zealand geographer 61: 68-76, 2005.

Elliott, C. Rock weathering along the Victoria Land coast, Antarctica. Ph.D., University of Canterbury. 2006.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-07-26
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-03-13

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