Hydrology and Glaciology of the Dry Valleys of Antarctica - glacier mass balance, ablation and movement and melt record determined by monitoring of stream flow and lake level of glacier fed streams and lakes
Entry ID: K161_1969_1991_NZ_1

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Summary
Abstract: A hydrological/glaciological study was conducted in the Dry Valleys of Antarctica from the 1969/70 summer until the 1990/91 season. The purpose of the hydrological/glaciological programme was to study present fluctuations of selected glaciers and of lakes and streams fed by meltwater because these fluctuations are indicators of climate change in this part of Antarctica. Knowledge of the interactions of glaciers and lakes and streams fed by meltwater in the dry valleys with present climate is needed for better interpretation of the history of these glaciers and lakes and for prediction of their future behaviour if the climate changes. The research program includes direct measurements of glacier mass balance and glacier margins and indirect measurements of glacier melt recorded by stream flow and changes in lake level. Stream flow was monitored on the Onyx River and various other meltwater streams in the Wright Valley throughout the study and more recently near the outlet of the Upper Victoria Lake in Victoria Valley, downstream from the Garwood Glacier lake in the Garwood Valley and at three sites on the Adams and Miers streams in the Miers Valley to expand the spatial variability. Water samples were collected at some sites and analysed for suspended sediment particles. Water temperature was recorded on the Onyx River. The water level of lakes throughout the Dry Valleys was monitored including Lake Vanda and Lake Brownworth in the Wright Valley, Lake Vida and Upper Victoria Lake in Victoria Valley, Lake Vashka and Lake Webb in the Barwick Valley, Lake Fryxell, Lake Chad (Hoare), Lake Henderson and Lake Bonney in the Taylor Valley, Lake Joyce and Lake House in the Pearce Valley and Lake Miers in the Miers Valley. Measurements were generally recorded at the beginning of the summer and again at the end of the summer. Continuous monitoring of Lake Vanda was conducted throughout the summer and later in the programme at Don Juan Pond (1980/81 season). Mass balances, ablation and other measurements were measured since 1969 on several glaciers within the Dry Valleys including the Sykes, Alberich, Heimdall, Upper Wright, Lower Wright, Clarke, Meserve, Bartley, Hart, Goodspeed, Denton and the Wilson Piedmont Glaciers in the Wright Valley, the Upper Victoria, Lower Victoria and Packard Glaciers in the Victoria Valley, the Upper Taylor, La Croix, Suess, Canada and Commonwealth Glaciers in the Taylor Valley and the Miers and Adams Glaciers in the Miers Valley. Not all measurements were made at each glacier in each season. Throughout the seasons of monitoring, climate data was collected. Daily observations by the investigators was coupled with the installation of met stations at various sites for various amounts of time.

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Geographic Coverage
 N: -77.25 S: -78.25  E: 164.0  W: 160.0

Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1969-11-01
Stop Date: 1991-01-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > TAYLOR VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > WRIGHT VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > VICTORIA VALLEY
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > MCMURDO DRY VALLEYS
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > LAKE VANDA
CONTINENT > ANTARCTICA > ONYX RIVER
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIERS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >LAKE ICE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >DISCHARGE/FLOW    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >TOTAL SURFACE WATER    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WATERSHED CHARACTERISTICS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >SUSPENDED SOLIDS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >WATER QUALITY/WATER CHEMISTRY >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >ABLATION ZONES/ACCUMULATION ZONES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >GLACIERS/ICE SHEETS >GLACIER MASS BALANCE/ICE SHEET MASS BALANCE    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LANDSCAPE >LANDSCAPE PROCESSES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
INLAND WATERS


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
GROUND STATIONS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Quality
The data was collected at the time by the New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development, a part of the Division of Science and Industrial Research (DSIR). The DSIR was disbanded and several new organisations were formed. At this time, the investigator was concerned about the survival of the large amount of data generated by this project. In the late 1990s while working with the National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), he collated all of the hydrological data, had it checked for quality and then permanently filed in the NIWA electronic archives. A copy was also supplied to the University of New Hampshire, USA, who at the time had continued some work on the Onyx River. The investigator still holds the files of the programmes, correspondence etc. for the period that the Ministry of Works ran the programme. All of the reports were also submitted to Antarctica New Zealand as their Science Reports and copies of these are retained in their archives. Please contact either the investigator or Antarctica New Zealand for more information.


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Data Center
Antarctica New Zealand, New Zealand Antarctic Institute, New Zealand    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://www.antarcticanz.govt.nz/

Data Center Personnel
Name: SHULAMIT GORDON
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Personnel
TREVOR CHINN
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +64 3 443 4333
Email: t.chinn at xtra.co.nz
Contact Address:
Rapid 20, Muir Road
Lake Hawea
City: Wanaka
Postal Code: 9382
Country: New Zealand


CEISHA POIROT
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: c.poirot at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


SHULAMIT GORDON
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +64 3 358 0200
Fax: +64 3 358 0211
Email: s.gordon at antarcticanz.govt.nz
Contact Address:
Antarctica New Zealand
Private Bag 4745
City: Christchurch
Country: New Zealand


Publications/References
Mosley, M.P. Valentine, E.M. 1985 The MWD hydrological/glaciological programme in Antarctica. WS 957. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T. Woods, A.D.H. 1984 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1981-82. WS 1017. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. 1978 Hydrology-glaciology programme in Antarctica. New Zealand Antarctic record 1(1): 7-9

Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1980 A revised reprint of hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1970-71. Ross Dependency Research Committee Report 639

Chinn, T.J. 1980 Hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica 1974-75. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1981 Hydrological research report, Dry Valleys, Antarctica, 1975-76.WS 473. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. (comp) 1983 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1976-77 and 1977-78. WS 531. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. Cumming, R.J. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1978-79. WS 810. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. Oliver, A.K.C. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1979-80. WS 808. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J. Maze, I. (comps) 1983 Hydrological and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica; annual report for 1980-81. WS 900. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J.H. 1979 Impact of “extreme” events in the Dry Valley area. New Zealand Antarctic record 2(2): 9-13

Chinn, T.J.H. 1981 Review of Antarctic hydrology-glaciology programme. WS 472. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J.H. 1981 Hydrology and climate in the Ross Sea area. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 11(4): 373-386

Chinn, T.J.H. 1982 Rationale for Antarctic hydrology-glaciology programme. WS 704. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J.H. Dickson, R.H.J. 1988 Hydrology and glaciology, Dry Valleys, Antarctica: Antarctic research: annual report for 1982-83. WS 1188. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J.H. 1990 The Dry Valleys. Antarctica: the Ross Sea region. Hatherton, T. (ed). Wellington DSIR Publishing 477025862 DSIR information series 165

Anderton, P.W. Fenwick, J.K. (comps) 1975 Dry Valleys Antarctica: 1973-1974. Hydrological Research annual report no. 37

Fenwick, J.K. Anderton, P.W. (comps) 1975 Dry Valleys Antarctica: 1972-1973. Hydrological Research annual report no. 34

Chinn, T.J. 1980 Glacier balances in the Dry Valleys area, Victoria Land, Antarctica. World glacier inventory: proceedings of the workshop at Riederalp, Switzerland, 17-22 September 1978. Washington International Association for Hydrological Sciences. IAHS-AISH publication no. 126

Chinn, T.J. 1991 Polar glacier margin and debris features. Proceedings of the Meeting on Earth Science Investigations in Antarctica, Sienna, October 1989. Ricci, C.A. (ed), Rome Societa Geologica Italiana Memorie della Societa Geologica Italiana 46

Chinn, T.J. 1996 The Southern Hemisphere glacial record - Antarctica and New Zealand. Papers and proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania 130(2): 17-24

Chinn, T.J. 1998 Recent fluctuations of the Dry Valleys glaciers, McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Annals of glaciology 27: 119-124

Chinn, T.J.H. 1997 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1970-1975. Vol. III. Muller, F. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 9231014625 Information throughout the publication

Chinn, T.J.H. Robinson, P. 1979 Report to SCAR Working Group in Glaciology. WS 131. Christchurch New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development

Chinn, T.J.H. 1985 Structure and equilibrium of Dry Valleys glaciers. New Zealand Antarctic record 6(supplement): 73-88

Chinn, T.J.H. 1985 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1975-1980. Vol. IV. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences 9231023675 Information throughout the publication

Chinn, T.J.H. 1987 Accelerated ablation of a glacier ice-cliff margin, Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Arctic and alpine research 19(1): 71-80

Chinn, T.J.H. 1987 Victoria Lower Glacier and Ross Sea Glaciation, Dry Valleys area, south Victoria Land, Antarctica. Journal of glaciology 33(115): 293-299

Chinn, T.J.H. 1988 The “Dry Valleys” of Victoria Land in Antarctica. Antarctica satellite image atlas of glaciers of the world. Swithinbank, C. (ed), Washington, DC US Government Printing Office Professional paper USGS 1386-B

Chinn, T.J.H. 1988 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1980-1985. Vol. V. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication

Chinn, T.J.H. 1989 Single folds at the margins of dry-based glaciers as indicators of a glacial advance. Annals of glaciology 12: 23-30

Chinn, T.J.H. 1993 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1980-1990. Vol. VI. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication

Chinn, T.J.H. 1994 Glacier disequilibrium in the Convoy Range, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Annals of glaciology 20: 269-276

Chinn, T.J.H. 1998 Antarctic data for World Glacier Monitoring Service. Fluctuations of glaciers 1990-1995. Vol. VII. Haeberli, W. (ed), Paris International Commission on Snow and Ice of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences Information throughout the publication

Fountain, A.G. Neumann, T.A. Glenn, P.L. Chinn, T. 2004 Can climate warming induce glacier advance in Taylor Valley, Antarctica? Journal of glaciology 50(171): 556-564 DOI: 10.3189/172756504781829701

Heine, A.J. 1969 Glaciological work at Vanda. Antarctic 5(6): 276-277

Chinn, T.J. McSaveney, M.J. 1987 On the flooding of Vanda Station. New Zealand Antarctic record 7(3): 23-31

Chinn, T.J. 1993 Physical hydrology of the dry valley lakes. Physical and biogeochemical processes in Antarctic lakes. Green, W.J., Friedmann, E.I. (eds), Washington American Geophysical Union 875908306 Antarctic research series 59

Heine, A.J. 1969 Changes in water level at Lake Vanda, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of marine and freshwater research 3(4): 591-594

Heine, A.J. 1971 Seiche observations at Lake Vanda, Victoria Land, Antarctica (note). New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 14(3): 597-599

Mosley, M.P. 1988 Bedload transport and sediment yield in the Onyx River, Antarctica. Earth surface processes and landforms 13: 51-67

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-06-23
Last DIF Revision Date: 2009-06-30

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