Global Land Cover Characterization Program
Entry ID: USGS_GLCC

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Summary
Abstract: The Global Land Cover Characterization Project was established to meet science data requirements identified by the International Geosphere and Biosphere Programme (IGBP), and the U. S. Global Change Research Program. The overall goal is to produce flexible large-area land cover databases to meet evolving requirements of the earth science research community.

The project was implemented by the United States Geological Survey/EROS Data Center (EDC), the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), and the Joint Research (JRC) of European Commission. This effort is part of the National Aeronautic's and Space Administration (NASA) Earth Observing System Pathfinder Program.

Funding for the project was provided by the USGS, NASA, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), U.S. Forest Service (USFS) , and the United Nations Environment Programme.

The data base has been adopted by the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme Data and Information System office (IGBP-DIS) to fill its requirement for a global 1-km land cover data set.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
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Link: VIEW EXTENDED METADATA
Description: Metadata in Biological Data Profile format.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Global Land Cover Characterization Documentation.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Global Land Cover Characterization Program - Links.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: -90.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: USGS
Dataset Title: Global Land Cover Characterization Program
Dataset Release Date: 1997-11-01
Dataset Publisher: USGS
Version: 1.2
Online Resource: http://landcover.usgs.gov/glcc/


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1992-04-01
Stop Date: 1993-03-01


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >AGRICULTURAL LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >FORESTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >GRASSLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >SAVANNAS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >URBAN LANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >VEGETATION >FOREST COMPOSITION/VEGETATION STRUCTURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >LAND MANAGEMENT    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >LAND MANAGEMENT >LAND TENURE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >LAND MANAGEMENT >LAND USE CLASSES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >LAKES    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >RIVERS/STREAMS    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SURFACE WATER >WATER CHANNELS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND COVER    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND PRODUCTIVITY    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND RESOURCES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >LAND USE/LAND COVER >LAND USE CLASSES    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TOPOGRAPHICAL RELIEF    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >SURFACE ROUGHNESS    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TERRAIN ELEVATION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >TOPOGRAPHY >TOPOGRAPHIC EFFECTS    [Definition]
SPECTRAL/ENGINEERING >VISIBLE WAVELENGTHS >VISIBLE IMAGERY    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS    [Definition]
BIOSPHERE >AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS >WETLANDS
BIOSPHERE >ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS >COMMUNITY DYNAMICS >BIODIVERSITY FUNCTIONS    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
FARMING
BIOTA


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
DEM >Digital Elevation Model    [Information]
MAPS    [Information]
LANDSAT    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Instrument
AVHRR >Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer    [Information]


Project
LCCP >LAND COVER CHARACTERIZATION PROGRAM    [Information]


Quality
A revised version of the database is available but still requires a full
accuracy assessment.


Access Constraints
None


Use Constraints
None


Keywords
GIS
Land Characterization
Agriculture
Topography
Watershed Management
Environmental Inventories
Land Management
Global Ecosystems
Biosphere Model
Environmental Models
EROS


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://eros.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: EROS CENTER
Phone: 605-594-6151
Phone: 800-252-4547
Fax: 605-594-6589
Email: lta at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
LTA Customer Services
U.S. Geological Survey
EROS Center
47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
Province or State: SD
Postal Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Distribution_Format: various
Fees: No fees


Personnel
TYLER B. STEVENS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (301) 614-6898
Fax: 301-614-5268
Email: Tyler.B.Stevens at nasa.gov
Contact Address:
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center
Global Change Master Directory
City: Greenbelt
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20771
Country: USA


CHANDRA GIRL
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 605-594-2835
Fax: 605-594-6529
Email: cgiri at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
SAIC/EROS Data Center
47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
Province or State: SD
Postal Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA


BRIAN CLEMANT
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 605-594-2713
Fax: 605-594-6529
Email: clementb at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
SAIC/EROS Data Center
47914 252nd Street
City: Sioux Falls
Province or State: SD
Postal Code: 57198-0001
Country: USA


Publications/References
Anderson, J.R., Hardy, E.E., Roach J.T., and Witmer R.E., 1976, A land use and land cover classification system for use with remote sensor data: U.S.
Geological Survey Professional Paper 964, 28 p.

Belward, A.S., ed., 1996, The IGBP-DIS global 1 km land cover data set
(DISCover)-proposal and implementation plans: IGBP-DIS Working Paper No. 13, Toulouse, France, 61 p.

Brown, J.F., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Reed, B.C., and Ohlen, D.O., 1993, Using multisource data in global land cover characterization: concepts, requirements and methods: Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 59, p. 977-987.

Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C, and Huewe L., in press. Advanced strategy for
multi-source analysis and visualization in land cover characterization, in
Proceedings, Pecora 13, Human Interactions with the Environment: Perspectives From Space.

Defense Mapping Agency, 1992, Development of the Digital Chart of the World: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office.

Dickinson, R.E., Henderson-Sellers, A., Kennedy, P.J., and Wilson, M.F., 1986, Biosphere-atmosphere transfer scheme (BATS) for the NCAR community climate model: NCAR Technical Note NCAR/TN275+STR, Boulder, CO. 69 p.

Eidenshink, J.C. and Faundeen, J.L., 1994, The 1 km AVHRR global land data
set-first stages in implementation: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 15, no. 17, p. 3,443-3,462.

Kelly, P.M. and White, J.M., 1993, Preprocessing remotely sensed data for
efficient analysis and classification, in SPIE Vol. 1963, Applications of
artificial intelligence, 1993--knowledge-based systems in aerospace and
industry, p. 2,430-2,439

Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Brown, J.F., Ohlen, D.O., Reed, B.C., Olson,P., and Hutchinson, J., 1995, Seasonal land-cover regions of the United States: Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v. 85, no. 2, p. 339-355.

Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Ohlen, D.O. and Brown, J.F., 1991, Development of a land-cover characteristics database for the conterminous U.S.: Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 57, no. 11, p. 1,453-1,463.

Loveland, T.R., Ohlen, D.O., Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C., Zhu, Z., Merchant, J.W., and Yang, L., in press. Western hemisphere land cover-progress toward a global land cover characteristics database, in Proceedings, Pecora 13, Human Interventions with the Environment: Perspectives From Space.

Moody, A., and Strahler, A.H., 1994, Characteristics of composited AVHRR data and problems in their classification: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 15, no. 17, p. 3,473-3,491.

Olson, J.S., 1994a, Global ecosystem framework-definitions: USGS EROS Data
Center Internal Report, Sioux Falls, SD, 37 p.

1994b, Global ecosystem framework-translation strategy: USGS EROS Data
Center Internal Report, Sioux Falls, SD, 39 p.

Reed, B.C., Brown, J.F., VanderZee, D., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., and
Ohlen, D.O., 1994, Variability of land cover phenology in the United States: Journal of Vegetation Science, v. 5, p. 703-714.

Running, S.W., Loveland, T.R., Pierce, L.L., R.R. Nemani, and Hunt, E.R., 1995, A remote sensing based vegetation classification logic for global land cover analysis: Remote Sensing of Environment, v. 51, p. 3,948-3,952.

Sellers, P.J., Mintz, Y., Sud, Y.C., and Dalcher A., 1986, A simple biosphere model (SiB) for use within general circulation models: Journal of Atmospheric Science, v. 43, p. 505-531.

Sellers, P.J., Randall, D.A., Collatz, G.J., Berry, J.A., Field, C.B., Dazlich, D.A., Zhang, C., Collelo, G.D., and Bounoua, L., 1996, A revised land surface parameterization (SiB2) for atmospheric GCMs - Part I-model formulation: Journal of Climate, v. 9, p. 676-705.

Steinwand, D.R., 1994, Mapping raster imagery to the Interrupted Goode
Homolosine projection: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 15, no. 17,
p. 3,463-3,472.

Steinwand, D.R., Hutchinson, J.A., and Snyder, J.P. ,1995, Map projections for global and continental data sets and an analysis of pixel distortion caused by reprojection: Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 61, p.1,487-1,497.

Zhu, Z., and Yang, L., 1996, Characteristics of the 1-km AVHRR data set for
North America: International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 17, p. 1,915-1,924.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-07-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-06-03

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