Plant Systems for Aquacultural Waste TreatmentEntry ID: USDA0520
Abstract: "Plant Systems for Aquacultural Waste Treatment" provides
information that aids in the development of fruit and greenhouse
crop production systems that utilize aquaculture effluent for
growth and development and neutralize the environmental impact
of aquaculture effluent; investigate the ability of different
plant species to grow and develop in aquaculture effluent of
high organic debris content ... and of potentially unbalanced
mineral nutrient composition.
The purpose of this research is to: (1) evaluate various
hydroponic production systems and plant species grown with
aquaculture effluent for cropping efficiency and nutrient uptake
capability; (2) investigate the potential of organic debris from
aquaculture to alter the established hydroponic plant nutrient
requirements; (3) determine minimal nutrient requirement
criteria for hydroponic culture; (4) characterize the ability of
plant production and biofiltration system to impact effluent
quality; (5) evaluate the capacity of different plant species
and production systems to reduce aquaculture effluent nutrient
load; and, (6) and characterize root and shoot characteristics
associated with maximum biofiltration and effluent clean-up.
Collection Organization: USDA Agricultural Research Service
Collection Methodology: Wetland and horticultural crops were
used in the bioremediation of aquaculture effluent wastewater. A
wetland design capable of regenerating oligotropic water was
developed. Phosphorus (P) levels were lowered to less than 1 ppb
with the proposed wetland system indicating that pristine water
could be recreated from water previously used to grow rainbow
trout. Uptake of nitrate, P, and potassium by the reed canary
grass wetland occurred 24 hours a day. Strawberries were
greenhouse-grown in NFT and perlite and rockwool rooting media
in hydroponic production systems. Fish effluent was supplemented
with iron and manganese. However, foliar analysis indicated that
these plants were deficient in iron and manganese. Addition of
manganese and iron to the effluent and weekly foliar iron
applications reduced the mineral deficiency symptoms. Composted
fish waste, composted cow manure, and a peat-based potting mix
had greater lettuce growth and microbial diversity in the root
zone than conventional planiting cubes in a hydroponic
Data Center: USDA Agricultural Research Service
Dissemination Media: Data available in hard copy publications.
Access Restrictions: There are no legal restrictions to access
but the dataset is not available online.
Start Date: 1992-01-01Stop Date: 1996-12-31
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL AQUATIC SCIENCES > AQUACULTURE
AGRICULTURE > AGRICULTURAL PLANT SCIENCE > CROPPING SYSTEMS
AGRICULTURE > SOILS
BIOSPHERE > VEGETATION > PLANT CHARACTERISTICS
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
LAND SURFACE > SOILS > ORGANIC MATTER
OCEANS > AQUATIC SCIENCES > AQUACULTURE
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ECONOMIC RESOURCES > AQUACULTURE PRODUCTION
ISO Topic Category
Quality Standard scientific protocols.
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: ftakeda at asrr.arsusda.gov
USDA Agricultural Research Service Appalachian Fruit Research Station 45 Wiltshire Road, Room 411
Province or State: WV
Postal Code: 25430-9425
Adler, P.A., Arora, R., El Ghaouth, A., Glenn, D.M. and Solar,
J.M. 1994. Bioremediation of Phenolic Compounds from Water with
Plant Root Surface Peroxidase. J. Environ. Qual. 23(5):1,113-1,117.
Adler, P.A., Summerfelt, S.T., Glenn, D.M. and Takeda, F. 1994.
Creation of Wetland Capable of Generating Oligotrophic Water.
Water Enviorn. Research. 68(5):836-840.
Takeda, F., Adler, P.A., and Glenn, D.M. 1993. Growing
greenhouse strawberries with aquaculture effluent. Acta Hort.
Adler, P.A., Takeda, F., GLenn, D.M., Wade, E.M., Summerfelt,
S.T., and Harper, J.K. 1996. Ecological process sows a
cost-saving idea for enhancing water quality. Water Environment
and Technology. 8(3):23-24.
Adler, P.A., Takeda, F., Glenn, D.M., and Summerfelt, S.T. 1966.
Utilizing byproducts to enhance awuaculture sustainability.
World Aquaculture 27(2):24-26.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-07
Last DIF Revision Date: 2007-05-23