Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Gulf Islands To Sea-Level Rise
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2003_108

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Summary
Abstract: A coastal vulnerability index (CVI) was used to map the relative vulnerability
of the coast to future sea-level rise within Gulf Islands National Seashore
(GUIS) in Mississippi and Florida. The CVI ranks the following in terms of
their physical contribution to sea-level rise-related coastal change:
geomorphology, regional coastal slope, rate of relative sea-level rise,
shoreline change rates, mean tidal range and mean wave height. The rankings for
each variable were combined and an index value calculated for 1-minute grid
cells covering the park. The CVI highlights those regions where the physical
effects of sea-level rise might be the greatest. This approach combines the
coastal system's susceptibility to change with its natural ability to adapt to
changing environmental conditions, yielding a quantitative, although relative,
measure of the park's natural vulnerability to the effects of sea-level rise.
The Gulf Islands in Mississippi and Florida consist of stable and washover
dominated portions of barrier beach backed by wetland and marsh. The areas
likely to be most vulnerable to sea-level rise are those with the highest
occurrence of overwash, the highest rates of shoreline change, the gentlest
regional coastal slope, and the highest rates of relative sea-level rise. The
CVI provides an objective technique for evaluation and long-term planning by
scientists and park managers.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Results of Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Gulf Islands To Sea-Level Rise.


Link: GET DATA
Description: Map of Coastal Vulnerability.


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 31.0 S: 27.0  E: -85.0  W: -90.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Elizabeth A. Pendleton, Erika S. Hammar-Klose, E. Robert Thieler, and S. Jeffress William
Dataset Title: Coastal Vulnerability Assessment of Gulf Islands To Sea-Level Rise
Dataset Series Name: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
Dataset Release Date: 2004
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Version: 1.0
Data Presentation Form: Maps, Reports
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2003/of03-108/


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ATLANTIC OCEAN > NORTH ATLANTIC OCEAN > GULF OF MEXICO


Science Keywords
BIOSPHERE >TERRESTRIAL ECOSYSTEMS >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BARRIER ISLANDS    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >COASTAL ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >EROSION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA LEVEL RISE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEA SURFACE HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENT TRANSPORT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SEDIMENTATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >STORM SURGE    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >TIDAL HEIGHT    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA SURFACE TOPOGRAPHY >SEA SURFACE SLOPE    [Definition]
OCEANS >TIDES >TIDAL RANGE    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT >ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENTS >COASTAL VULNERABILITY    [Definition]
HUMAN DIMENSIONS >SOCIAL BEHAVIOR >VULNERABILITY LEVELS/INDEX    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
BIOTA
ELEVATION
ENVIRONMENT
OCEANS


Platform
FIELD SURVEYS    [Information]
MAPS    [Information]
FIELD INVESTIGATION    [Information]


Quality
This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U.S.
Geological Survey editorial standards or with the North American Stratigraphic
code. Any use of trade, product, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only
and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.


Keywords
Open File Report
OFR
Gulf Islands National Seashore
Parks
Coastal Vulnerability Index
Sea Level Rise
Shoreline Change
Seashore
Tides


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Open File Services Section, Publications Warehouse, Eastern Region, Publications, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/

Data Center Personnel
Name: USGS OPEN-FILE SERVICES SECTION
Phone: 303-202-4200
Phone: 303-202-4210
Fax: 303-202-4188
Email: infoservices at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
USGS Information Services
Open-File Services Section
Box 25286
Federal Center
City: Denver
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225-0286
Country: USA


Woods Hole Science Center, Coastal and Marine Geology, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: WOODS HOLE LABORATORIES
Phone: (508) 673-5549
Phone: FTS 673-5549
Contact Address:
NOAA/NMFS/NEFC
Northeast Fisheries Center
166 Water Street
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Fees: No fees


Personnel
REBECCA BEAVERS
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: 303-987-6945
Email: Rebecca_Beavers at nps.gov
Contact Address:
National Park Service
Natural Resource Program Center
Geologic Resources Division
P.O. Box 25287
City: Denver
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80225-0287
Country: USA


ELIZABETH A. PENDLETON
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: ependleton at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


E. ROBERT THIELER
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: rthieler at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


S. JEFFRESS WILLIAMS
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Phone: 508-548-8700
Email: jwilliams at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


ERIKA S. HAMMAR-KLOSE
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 508-457-2259
Fax: 508-548-8700
Email: ehammark at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
384 Woods Hole Road
City: Woods Hole
Province or State: MA
Postal Code: 02543
Country: USA


Publications/References
Browder, A.E., and Dean, R.G., 2000, Monitoring and comparison to predictive
models of the Perdido Key beach nourishment project, Florida, USA: Coastal
Engineering, v. 39, no. 2-4, p. 173-191.

Douglas, B.C., 1997, Global sea rise; a redetermination: Surveys in Geophysics,
v. 18, p. 279-292.

Doyle, L., Dinesh, C., Hine, A., Pilkey, O. Jr., Neal, W., Pilkey, O. Sr.,
Martin, D., Belknap, D., 1984, Living with the West Florida Shore: Duke
University Press, Durham, North Carolina, 222 p.

Gornitz, V. and White, T.W. 1992, A coastal hazards database for the U.S. West Coast: ORNL/CDIAC-81, NDP-043C. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Gornitz, V.M., Daniels, R.C., White, T.W., and Birdwell, K.R., 1994, The
development of a coastal vulnerability assessment database, Vulnerability to sea-level rise in the U.S. southeast: Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue No. 12, p. 327-338.

Hammar-Klose, E.S., and Thieler, E.R., 2001, Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, A Preliminary Database for the U.S. Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf of Mexico Coasts: U.S. Geological Survey, Digital Data Series, DDS-68, 1 CD-ROM.

Hubertz, J.M., Thompson, E.F., and Wang, H.V., 1996, Wave Information Studies of U.S. coastlines, Annotated bibliography on coastal and ocean data assimilation: WIS Report 36, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, 31 p.

IPCC, 2001. Climate Change 2001, The Scientific Basis; Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland, 563 p. (Also available on the web at www.ipcc.ch)

National Research Council, 1990, Managing Coastal Erosion, Washington: National Academy Press, 163 p.

National Research Council, 1995, Beach Nourishment and Protection, Washington: National Academy Press, 334 p.

Pilkey, O.H., and Davis, T.W., 1987, An analysis of coastal recession models, North Carolina coast,in D. Nummedal, O.H. Pilkey and J.D. Howard (eds.), Sea-level Fluctuation and Coastal Evolution: SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publications No. 41, Tulsa, Oklahoma, p. 59-68.

Shaw, J., Taylor, R.B., Forbes, D.L., Ruz, M.H., and Solomon, S., 1998,
Sensitivity of the Canadian Coast to Sea-Level Rise: Geological Survey of
Canada Bulletin 505, 114 p.

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 1999, National Assessment of Coastal
Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Atlantic Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 99-593, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000a, National Assessment of Coastal
Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Pacific Coast: U.S. Geological Survey
Open-File Report 00-178, 1 sheet. Online

Thieler, E.R., and Hammar-Klose, E.S., 2000b, National Assessment of Coastal Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise, U.S. Gulf of Mexico Coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 00-179, 1 sheet. Online

Zervas, C., 2001, Sea Level Variations of the United States 1854-1999: NOAA
Technical Report NOS CO-OPS 36, 201 p.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-12-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-11-02

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