The National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Cliff Edges and Associated Cliff Erosion Data for the California Coast
Entry ID: USGS_OFR_2007_1112

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Summary
Abstract: Introduction:

The U.S. Geological Survey has generated a comprehensive data clearinghouse of digital vector cliff edges and associated rates of cliff retreat along the open-ocean California coast. These data, which are presented herein, were compiled as part of the U.S. Geological Survey's National Assessment of Shoreline Change Project.

Cliff erosion is a chronic problem along many coastlines of the United States. As coastal populations continue to grow and community infrastructures are threatened by erosion, there is increased demand for accurate information including rates and trends of coastal cliff retreat. There is also a critical need for these data to be consistent from one region to another. One objective of this work is to a develop standard, repeatable methodology for mapping and analyzing cliff edge retreat so that periodic, systematic, and internally consistent updates of cliff edge position and associated rates of erosion can be made at a national scale.

This data compilation for open-ocean cliff edges for the California coast is a separate, yet related study to Hapke and others, 2006 documenting shoreline change along sandy shorelines of the California coast, which is itself one in a series that includes the Gulf of Mexico and the Southeast Atlantic coast (Morton and others, 2004; Morton and Miller, 2005). Future reports and data compilations will include coverage of the Northeast U.S., the Great Lakes, Hawaii and Alaska. Cliff edge change is determined by comparing the positions of one historical cliff edge digitized from maps with a modern cliff edge derived from topographic LIDAR (light detection and ranging) surveys. Historical cliff edges for the California coast represent the 1920s-1930s time-period; the most recent cliff edge was delineated using data collected between 1998 and 2002. End-point rate calculations were used to evaluate rates of erosion between the two cliff edges. Please refer to our full report on cliff edge erosion along the California coastline at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1133/ for additional information regarding methods and results (Hapke and others, 2007).

Data in this report are organized into downloadable layers by region (Northern, Central and Southern California) and are provided as vector datasets with accompanying metadata. Vector cliff edges may represent a compilation of data from one or more sources and the sources used are included in the dataset metadata. This project employs the Environmental Systems Research Institute's (ESRI) ArcGIS as it's Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping tool and contains several data layers (shapefiles) that are used to create a geographic view of the California coast. The vector data form a basemap comprising polygon and line themes that include a U.S. coastline (1:80,000), U.S. cities, and state boundaries.

GIS Data Layers:

Data in this publication are intended to be integrated into a Geographical Information System (GIS). A GIS is defined as a system of hardware and software used to support the display, manipulation, and analysis of spatial data for mapping and data analysis. This integrated system provides researchers the ability to analyze and map the various datasets to help with research, and economic and social policy-making decisions regarding the environment.

All of the files necessary to conduct coastal cliff retreat analyses are provided. These include five GIS data layers (shapefiles) for each section of the California coast: one historical and one modern vector cliff edge, an offshore baseline used for generating shore-normal transects, shore-normal transects for cliff edge erosion rates, and transect/cliff edge intersection positions for cliff edge erosion rates as a point shapefile. The GIS data layers from this publication are cataloged below by region for easy access. Please refer to http://woodshole.er.usgs.gov/project-pages/dsas/ for information about the Digital Shoreline Analysis System (DSAS) used for the analysis of this data.

[Summary provided by the USGS.]

Related URL
Link: GET DATA
Description: Get GIS data files for the southern region of the California coast.


Link: GET DATA
Description: Get GIS data files for the central region of the California coast.


Link: GET DATA
Description: Get GIS data files for the northern region of the California coast.


Link: GET DATA
Description: Get GIS base layers for California.


Geographic Coverage
 N: 52.0 S: 32.0  E: -118.0  W: -130.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Cheryl Hapke, Dave Reid, and Mark Borrelli
Dataset Title: The National Assessment of Shoreline Change: A GIS Compilation of Vector Cliff Edges and Associated Cliff Erosion Data for the California Coast
Dataset Series Name: USGS Open File Report
Dataset Release Date: 2007
Dataset Publisher: U.S. Geological Survey
Version: 1.0
Data Presentation Form: GIS layers
Online Resource: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1112/


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > NORTH AMERICA > UNITED STATES OF AMERICA > CALIFORNIA


Science Keywords
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >EROSION >CLIFF EROSION    [Definition]
LAND SURFACE >EROSION/SEDIMENTATION >WEATHERING    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >BEACHES    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >EROSION >CLIFF EROSION    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINE DISPLACEMENT    [Definition]
OCEANS >COASTAL PROCESSES >SHORELINES    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
ENVIRONMENT
GEOSCIENTIFIC INFORMATION
INLAND WATERS
OCEANS


Keywords
OFR
Open File Report
GIS
Geographic Information Systems
Cliff Edge
Historic Cliff Edge
Cliff Erosion
Coastal Survey Map


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
USGS


Data Center
Publications-Western Region,Geological Division, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Department of the Interior    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://geopubs.wr.usgs.gov/

Data Center Personnel
Name: MICHAEL F. DIGGLES
Phone: (650) 329-5404
Email: mdiggles at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
345 Middlefield Road
Mail Stop 531
City: Menlo Park
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 94025
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: Online
Distribution_Format: Shapefiles
Fees: No fees


Personnel
CHERYL HAPKE
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (401) 874-5532
Fax: (831) 427-4748
Email: chapke at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
University of Rhode Island
317 Woodward Hall, Dept. of Geosciences
City: Kingston
Province or State: RI
Postal Code: 02881
Country: USA


DAVE REID
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: (831) 427-4759
Email: dreid at usgs.gov
Contact Address:
U.S. Geological Survey
Pacific Science Center
400 Natural Bridges Drive
City: Santa Cruz
Province or State: CA
Postal Code: 95060
Country: USA


MARK BORRELLI
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: mborrelli at uri.edu
Contact Address:
Department of Geosciences
University of Rhode Island
City: Kingston
Province or State: RI
Postal Code: 02881
Country: USA


Publications/References
Hapke, C.J., and Reid, D., 2007, The National assessment of shoreline change: Part 4, Historical coastal cliff retreat along the California coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2007-1133 (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1133)

Hapke, C.J., Reid, D., Richmond, B.M., Ruggiero, P., and List, J., 2006, The National assessment of shoreline change; Part 3, Historical shoreline change and associated coastal land loss along sandy shorelines of the California coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2006-1219 (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2006/1219)

Morton, R.A., Miller, T.L., 2005, National assessment of shoreline change: Part 2, Historical shoreline change and associated land loss along the U.S. South East Atlantic coast: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2005-1401 (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1401)

Morton, R.A., Miller, T.L. and Moore, L.J., 2004, National assessment of shoreline change: Part 1, Historical shoreline change and associated land loss along the U.S. Gulf of Mexico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-file Report 2004-1043 (http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1043)

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2007-05-31
Last DIF Revision Date: 2008-05-27

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