Southern Ocean Calcareous Zooplankton Response to Ocean AcidificationEntry ID: ASAC_3046
Abstract: Metadata record for data from AAS (ASAC) project 3046.
The overall objective is to characterise the response of Southern Ocean calcareous zooplankton to ocean acidification resulting from anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Simulated increases in anthropogenic CO2 suggest a reduction in the calcification rates of calcareous organisms. A change in the calcification in the Southern Ocean may cause ... marine ecosystem shifts and in turn alter the capacity for the ocean to absorb CO2 from the atmosphere. We plan to take advantage of naturally-occurring, persistent, zonal variations in Southern Ocean primary production and biomass to investigate the effects of CO2 addition from anthropogenic sources on Southern Ocean calcareous zooplankton communities.
A download file containing an excel spreadsheet of data can be found at the provided URL.
The overall objective of this project is to characterise the impacts of recent, primarily anthropogenic, increases in atmospheric CO2 and related changes in the carbonate chemistry on shell formation by calcareous zooplankton in the Australian sector of the Southern Ocean. Calcareous zooplankton (e.g. planktonic foraminifera and pteropods) will be collected using plankton nets at five Southern Ocean localities during high seasonal flux periods. Planktonic foraminiferal and pteropod species and abundances, calcification rates and geochemistry (stable isotope and trace-metal) will be determined on plankton tow samples. Data from recent plankton tow samples will be compared with data deposited historically in the Southern Ocean and recovered from existing deep ocean sediment cores to provides insights about the extent to which modern carbon conditions may have already generated ecological impacts. The project will also provide a baseline of the present-day impact of ocean acidification and can be used to monitor the influence of future anthropogenic CO2 emissions in Southern Ocean ecosystems.
Taken from the 2008-2009 Progress Report:
Progress against objectives:
Because of logistical delays to the Aurora Australis shipping schedule, ship time for this project was deferred to the 2009/2010 season. We have made progress in analysing other materials form previous voyages which will assist in the sampling design for the upcoming season. We are making good progress in planning the upcoming voyage currently scheduled for late 2009.
Taken from the 2009-2010 Progress Report:
Progress against objectives:
Project scientists participated in Voyage 2 of the Aurora Australis, from Hobart to Casey Station in December 2009. Using the Rectangular Midwater Trawl we collected a total of eight plankton samples for examination of calcareous plankton distribution and shell characteristics in the summer Southern Ocean. We were targeting pteropods and planktonic foraminifera, two sets of calcifiers whose calcification response to ocean acidification we had previously reported on in publications in Nature Geoscience, Biogeosciences Discussions, and Deep-Sea Research Part II (in press). Project participants included collaborators from Australian National University and Scottish Natural Heritage, UK.
There were low abundance of planktonic calclfiers in this particular seasons and sector, but we consider the initial collection a god start. Samples included approx. 18 pteropods; other samples are still being held by Biosecurity Australia and will be examined as soon as they are released. Other samples have already been sent to researchers at the Australian Institute of Marine Science for genetic (RNA) sequencing. This latter collaboration is a key one which will help answer questions about evolutionary responses to ocean acidification; if there are genotypes which are more or less vulnerable to acidification we may already be seeing selective pressure in the ecosystem and a change in the structure of assemblages as "winners" and "losers" are differentially affected by the impact.
Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Howard, W.
Dataset Title: Southern Ocean Calcareous Zooplankton Response to Ocean Acidification
Dataset Series Name: CAASM Metadata
Dataset Release Date: 2011-02-07
Dataset Publisher: Australian Antarctic Data Centre
Dataset DOI: doi:10.4225/15/57C7C24330F24Online Resource: https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/metadata_redirect.cfm?md=/AMD...
Start Date: 2008-09-30Stop Date: 2011-03-31
OCEANS > MARINE SEDIMENTS
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > CARBON DIOXIDE
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > TRACE ELEMENTS
BIOSPHERE > ECOSYSTEMS > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > PLANKTON > ZOOPLANKTON
ATMOSPHERE > ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY > CARBON AND HYDROCARBON COMPOUNDS > CARBON DIOXIDE
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > BIOMASS DYNAMICS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONS > PRIMARY PRODUCTION
Quality The values provided in temporal and spatial coverage are approximate only.
Taken from the 2008-2009 Progress Report:
Difficulties affecting project:
Because of logistical delays to the Aurora Australis shipping schedule, ship time for this project was deferred to the 2009/2010 season. Thus we have not done any of the sampling for the project.
Taken from the ... 2009-2010 Progress Report:
Variations to work plan or objectives:
The only variation in the work plan was that we were able to collect some non-calcifying planktonic invertebrates for the Australian Museum. These have already been donated to the Museum to contribute to to ongoing assessment and monitoring of biodiversity in the open Southern Ocean, an area where there is still little data.
As noted we collected plankton samples at eight Southern Ocean stations (complete station data below). The main collection tool was the Rectangular Midwater Trawl, using a 150-micron mesh in the RMT-1 frame, as most of the planktonic organisms we were targeting are between 150 microns and 1 mm.
Laboratory analysis has not yet commenced, as many of the samples are still being held by Biosecurity Australia in biological quarantine. For consistency of analytical method, we are trying to process all the samples as close to together in time as possible and using the same sets of reagents and processing techniques, in order to reduce any variability introduced by laboratory processing.
Access Constraints These data are not yet publicly available.
Use Constraints This data set conforms to the PICCCBY Attribution License
Please follow instructions listed in the citation reference provided at http://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/metadata/citation.cfm?entry_id=ASAC_3046 when using these data.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: HTTP
Distribution Size: 17 kb
Distribution Format: Excel
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Email: whoward at unimelb.edu.au
School of Earth Sciences University of Melbourne
Province or State: Victoria
Postal Code: 3010
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: +61 3 6232 3244
Fax: +61 3 6232 3351
Email: dave.connell at aad.gov.au
Australian Antarctic Division 203 Channel Highway
Province or State: Tasmania
Postal Code: 7050
Extended Metadata Properties
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Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2009-04-16
Last DIF Revision Date: 2016-11-18