Gulfwatch ProgramEntry ID: gomc_74
Abstract: Gulfwatch is presently a program in which the blue mussel, Mytilus
edulis, is used as an indicator for habitat exposure to organic and inorganic
contaminants. Bivalves, such as M. edulis, have been successfully used as
indicator organisms in environmental monitoring programs throughout the world
to identify variation in chemical contaminants between sites, and contribute to
the understanding of trends in coastal contamination.
Sponsor: Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment
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Start Date: 1991-01-01Stop Date: 1995-12-31
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > INORGANIC MATTER
OCEANS > OCEAN CHEMISTRY > ORGANIC MATTER
OCEANS > WATER QUALITY > OCEAN CONTAMINANTS
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES
BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION > ANIMALS/INVERTEBRATES > MOLLUSKS > BIVALVES > MUSSELS
BIOSPHERE > ECOLOGICAL DYNAMICS > COMMUNITY DYNAMICS > INDICATOR SPECIES
Quality Several groups have used Gulfwatch as a model in developing their own
monitoring programs. According to Gulfwatch organisers, these include the
Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans, US Fish & Wildlife Service, the US
National Estuaries Program, and the Casco Bay Estuary Project in Maine.
Access Constraints None known.
Use Constraints None known.
Data Set Progress
Distribution Media: Online Internet (HTTP)
Distribution Format: ASCII
Role: DIF AUTHOR
Phone: (603) 862-5124
Email: shj at christa.unh.edu
University of New Hampshire 85 Adams Point Road
Province or State: NH
Postal Code: 03824
-Gulfwatch fact sheet: Monitoring contaminants in Gulf of Maine coastal waters
(PDF, 517 KB)
-Nine-year review of Gulfwatch in the Gulf of Maine: Trends in tissue
contaminant levels in the blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L., 1993-2001 (PDF, 2.3
-Chase M.E., S.H. Jones, P. Hennigar, J. Sowles, G.C.H. Harding, K. Freeman,
P.G. Wells, C. Krahforst, K. Coombs, R. Crawford, J. Pederson, and D. Taylor.
... 2001. Gulfwatch: monitoring spatial and temporal patterns of trace metal and
organic contaminants in the Gulf of Maine (1991-1997) with the blue mussel,
Mytilus edulis L. Marine Pollution Bulletin 42:491-505.
-Fried, S. 1999. Gulfwatch: Putting a little mussel into Gulf of Maine marine
monitoring. Fundy Issues #12. Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership.
-Gottholm, B.W., and D.D. Turgeon. 1992. Toxic Contaminants in the Gulf of
Maine. NOAA, National Ocean Service, Offi ce of Ocean Resources of Maine. NOAA,
National Ocean Service, Offi ce of Ocean Resources of Maine Conservation and
Assessment, Rockville, MD.
-Jones S.H., M. Chase, J. Sowles, P. Hennigar, N. Landry, P.G. Wells, G.C.H.
Harding, C. Krahforst, and G.L. Brun. 2001. Monitoring for toxic contaminants
in Mytilus edulis from New Hampshire and the Gulf of Maine. Journal of
Shellfish Research 20:1203-1214.
-O'Connor, T.P. 1998. Mussel Watch results from 1986 to 1996. Marine Pollution
-Wells, P.G. 2003. Assessing health of the Bay of Fundy: Concepts and
Framework. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46(9): In press.
Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2006-08-28
Last DIF Revision Date: 2006-11-20