North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) Oceanographic Mooring Data, 2001-2002
Entry ID: ARCSS156

[ Update this Record ]

Summary
Abstract: This data set, acquired with an oceanographic bottom-anchored mooring, includes sea-ice draft and depth data, conductivity, temperature, pressure, salinity, and ocean current measurements such as speed and direction. Each mooring contains vertically distributed instruments, which measure ocean properties at fixed depths and record data internally. These data are retrieved annually when the mooring is recovered. Located on the Pole Abyssal Plain about 50 kilometers from the North Pole, the 2001 mooring was chosen because it provided a suitable landing site for the supporting aircraft. Ocean depth was approximately 4300 m. Data were recorded half-hourly to hourly from 1 April 2001 through 27 April 2002. The North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) is a year-round, automated scientific observatory, deploying various instruments each April in order to learn how the world's northernmost sea helps regulate global climate. It consists of a set of unmanned scientific platforms that record oceanographic, cryospheric, and atmospheric data throughout the year. More information about the project is available at the project Web site, (http://psc.apl.washington.edu/northpole/) North Pole Environmental Observatory. Data are in ASCII text format and are available via FTP.

Related URL
Link: VIEW PROJECT HOME PAGE
Description: NPEO Home Page


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: North Pole Environmental Observatory Aerial CTD Survey


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Seawater Chemistry from the North Pole Environmental Observatory, 2000-2004


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) Weather and Radiation Buoy Data, 2002-2004


Geographic Coverage
 N: 89.556946 S: 89.556946  E: 66.64694  W: 66.64694

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: Morison, J., K. Aagaard, R. Moritz, M. McPhee, A. Heiberg, M. Steele, and R. Andersen
Dataset Title: North Pole Environmental Observatory (NPEO) oceanographic mooring data, 2001-2002
Dataset Series Name: NPEO
Dataset Release Date: 2005-11-21
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, CO
Dataset Publisher: National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/arcss156.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 2001-04-01
Stop Date: 2002-04-27


Location Keywords
OCEAN > ARCTIC OCEAN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >SEA ICE MOTION    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN CIRCULATION >OCEAN CURRENTS    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >SEA LEVEL PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN PRESSURE >WATER PRESSURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >OCEAN TEMPERATURE >WATER TEMPERATURE    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >CONDUCTIVITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >SALINITY/DENSITY >SALINITY    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SEA ICE MOTION    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SALINITY    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE


Platform
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
MOORINGS    [Information]


Instrument
CONDUCTIVITY METERS    [Information]
CURRENT METERS    [Information]
PRESSURE SENSORS
THERMISTORS    [Information]
UPWARD LOOKING SONAR    [Information]
RADIO TRANSPONDERS
TRANSPONDERS    [Information]


Project
ARCSS >Arctic System Science    [Information]
NSF/PLR >Division of Polar Programs, National Science Foundation    [Information]
ARCSS/NPEO >Arctic System Science/North Pole Environmental Observatory    [Information]


Quality
Pressure is readily checked for consistency between different instruments, noting. However, investigators noted that precise ocean depth is difficult to determine and that line length errors are possible. The 2001-2002 mooring was well positioned with respect to depth. Four pressure sensors near the top of the mooring report instrument depths within 2 m of design depths. One sensor on RCM-7, serial number 11455, the only current meter recording pressure, reported itself some 7 m deeper than designed. The investigators accept as correct those four pressure measurements, located both above and below the suspect RCM, suggesting an erroneous offset in the one RCM pressure sensor. Consequently, a constant pressure was assigned to the 84 m design depth and used in the salinity calculation for that RCM. However, for completeness the pressure as measured is reported in the data file, and those measurements provide information on pull-down of the RCM. The deep Sea-Bird instruments, SBE-37s with serial numbers 1772, 1773, and 1774, unfortunately suffered from the failure of a new pressure sensor, which was subsequently confirmed by the manufacturer as flawed. These three instruments do report temperature and conductivity with good accuracy, and constant pressures inferred from the design depths are used in the calculation of salinity at those levels. Note that no pressure correction has been made for pull-down of these instruments, as is also the case for RCM serial number 11455. A stuck vane or malfunctioning compass afflicted RCM serial number 6545 at 600 m, constraining the direction to one-third of its full arc, while current speed appears reasonable. Both speed and direction are reported as measured. General information about the North Pole Environmental Observatory, the NPEO mooring, and various data extracts and summaries may be viewed on the NPEO website. See Bottom-Anchored Mooring (http://psc.apl.washington.edu/northpole/Mooring.html). Potentially important sources of error in the sea-ice draft computed as described above include the following: *Systematic and random errors in density rhow *Systematic and random errors in sound speed cbar *Random errors in sea-level air pressure Ps *Errors in the local value of earth's gravitational acceleration g *Timing variations in the sonar hardware/software system *Target identification errors for first-return echoes from targets not directly above the ULS, or from targets intervening between the ULS and the intended target (ice bottom or sea surface) *Non-hydrostatic (short) waves during open water intervals Extensive analysis, as reported in Moritz (2005) yields a net systematic error of approximately +0.3 meters, a standard deviation of random errors of approximately 0.05 meters during the summer, and an annual variation of systematic error on the order of 0.10 meters for ULS 22 at NPEO 2001-2002. The summertime random errors show some persistence over intervals of at least several hours. An offset correction was applied to both the 5-minute and 10-second time series, by identifying occurrence of open water based on a combined analysis of the ULS and ADCP data. The offset correction eliminates most of the net systematic error, and greatly reduces the random errors in summer. The offset has been applied to the data set provided here. Once the offsets are applied, summer (June-August) sea-ice drafts between -0.10 m and +0.10 m are reset to 0 m, consistent with the range of error variability for open water episodes and with the model that ice thinner than 10 cm is rare during these months. For all other months, sea-ice drafts between -0.05m and 0 m are reset to zero. Sea-ice drafts outside the range -0.05 m < draft < 20 m are replaced by the bad data value -999. This results in data with all sea-ice drafts in the interval 0 m to 20 m. The ULS is programmed to look for sea-ice drafts in a window that opens approximately 20 meters below sea level.


Keywords
ARCSS
ARCSS Data Coordination Center
arcss156
Arctic Sea Ice
Conductivity
Current Meter
North Pole
North Pole Environmental Observatory
NPEO
NSIDC > National Snow and Ice Data Center
Ocean Water Conductivity Measurements
Ocean Water Salinity
Ocean Water Salinity Measurements
Ocean Water Temperature Measurements
OPP-0352754
OPP-9910305
Pressure
Salinity
Sea Ice
Sea Ice Draft
Water Pressure


Data Set Progress
IN WORK


Originating Center
NSIDC_ARCSS


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Arctic System Science Data Coordination Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/arcss/
Dataset ID: arcss156

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC ARCSS USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 28 MB uncompressed, 6.2 MB compressed
Distribution_Format: ASCII text


Personnel
JAMES H. MORISON
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 (206) 543-1394
Fax: 1+206-616-3142
Email: morison at apl.washington.edu
Contact Address:
University of Washington
Polar Science Center, Applied Physics Laboratory
Polar Science Center
Applied Physics Laboratory
University of Washington
1013 NE 40th Street
City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98105


KNUT AAGAARD
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: +1 206-543-8942
Email: aagaard at apl.washington.edu
Contact Address:
Applied Physics Laboratory
School of Oceanography
Box 357940
University of Washington
City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98195-7940


MICHAEL STEELE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Email: mas at apl.washington.edu
Contact Address:
University of Washington
Applied Physics Laboratory
Polar Science Center/APL/UW
1013 NE 40th
City: Seattle
Province or State: Washington
Postal Code: 98105-6698
Country: USA


RICHARD MORITZ
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
University of Washington
Applied Physics Laboratory
Province or State: WA
Country: USA


ANDREAS HEIBERG
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Contact Address:
University of Washington
Applied Physics Laboratory
Province or State: WA
Country: USA


MILES G. MCPHEE
Role: INVESTIGATOR
Phone: 509 658 2575
Email: miles at wolfenet.com
Contact Address:
McPhee Research Company
450 Clover Springs Road
City: Naches
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98937
Country: USA


ROGER ANDERSEN
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: 1+206-543-1258
Fax: 1+206-616-3142
Email: roger at apl.washington.edu
Contact Address:
Polar Science Center
Applied Physics Laboratory
University of Washington
1013 NE 40th
City: Seattle
Province or State: WA
Postal Code: 98105-6698
Country: USA


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2005-09-22
Last DIF Revision Date: 2012-05-11

[ Update this Record ]


Link to Web Site