106-Mile Dumpsite Oceanographic Project (Mid Atlantic Bight); Surface Drifters and Hydrographic Measurements; NOAA/NOSEntry ID: OES_CEOB_106_MILE
Abstract: The 106-Mile Dumpsite Oceanographic project is response to the Ocean Dumping
Act (http://www.epa.gov/history/topics/mprsa/02.htm) which directs the National
Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the US Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), and the US Coast Guard to perform research, monitoring, and
surveillance until ocean dumping of municipal sewage sludge is ended in 1992.
NOAA is ... responsible for research and monitoring of the far-field and long-term
effects of dumping at the dumpsite, which is located in the Mid-Atlantic Bight
Four 1991 seasonal deployments of four satellite-tracked drifters each and a
single 1990 deployment of eight drifters were conducted across the continental
shelf break and Dumpsite. The tracking and processing of near-surface drifters
continues. Coupled with EPA weekly drifter deployments, the CEOB drifter study
provides information on the relationship between suspended sludge dispersal to
the near-surface circulation and interaction of shelf water, slope water, and
Gulf Stream over the continental margin in the MAB.
Hydrographic studies include quasi-synoptic conductivity and temperature
profile and expendable bathythermograph (XBT) surveys of the MAB and dumpsite.
These surveys were conducted in support of biological and chemical sampling and
in conjunction with the deployment of drifters.
Weekly transects were taken across the shelf, slope, and northern tip of the
Dumpsite to the Gulf Stream from the ship of opportunity, M/V OLEANDER; this
was an expansion of the monthly program managed by National Marine Fisheries
Service's Northeast Fisheries Center, in Narragansett, Rhode Island.
HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS > SEWAGE DISPOSAL > SLUDGE DISPERSAL
OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > CONTINENTAL MARGINS > CONTINENTAL RISES/SLOPES
OCEANS > BATHYMETRY/SEAFLOOR TOPOGRAPHY > CONTINENTAL MARGINS > CONTINENTAL SHELVES
OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > OCEAN CURRENTS > GULF STREAM
OCEANS > OCEAN CIRCULATION > WIND-DRIVEN CIRCULATION
OCEANS > OCEAN TEMPERATURE > WATER TEMPERATURE
OCEANS > SALINITY/DENSITY > CONDUCTIVITY
Data Set Progress
Phone: (301) 713-2809
NOAA/National Ocean Service 1305 East-West Highway, Room 6543
City: Silver Spring
Province or State: MD
Postal Code: 20910-3281
Aikman III, F. and M.B. Empie. 1991. 106-Mile Dumpsite Physical Oceanography Project: Hydrographic Data Report of the Delaware II 90-08 Cruise. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS OMA 61. Rockville , MD. 166 pp.
O'Connor, T.P., H.H. Walker, J.F. Paul, and V.J. Bierman. 1985. A strategy for monitoring contaminant distributions resulting from proposed sewage sludge disposal at the 106-Mile Ocean Disposal Site. Marine Environmental Resources
Robertson, A., A. Cantillo, and F. Aikman, III, 1991. Deep water ocean
disposal: A program to assess effects at the 106-Mile Site dumpsite,
(abstract). In: Program and Abstracts, First International Ocean Pollution
Symposium. University of Puerto Rico , Mayaguez , Puerto Rico . April 28- May
3, 1991 : 40.
Robertson, A., A.Y. Cantillo, and F. Aikman. 1991. NOAA's monitoring of ocean dumping at the 106-mile dumpsite. In: Proceedings, Coastal Zone '91 Vol. 3, New York : American Society of Civil Engineers: 1820-1829.
White, H.H., A.F.J. Draxler, R.A. Duncanson, D.L. Saad, and A. Robertson. 1993. Distribution of Clostridium perfringens Spores in Sediments around the 106-Mile Dumpsite in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. Marine Pollution Bulletin 26(1): pp. 49-51
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