Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Entry ID: G02140

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Summary
Abstract: This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year. The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.

Related URL
Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas


Link: VIEW RELATED INFORMATION
Description: Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas


Geographic Coverage
 N: 90.0 S: 64.0  E: 180.0  W: -180.0

Data Set Citation
Dataset Originator/Creator: NSIDC, . Compiled by I. P. Romanov.
Dataset Title: Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989
Dataset Release Date: 2004-03-17
Dataset Release Place: Boulder, Colorado USA
Dataset Publisher: NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center
Dataset DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5B8562T
Online Resource: http://nsidc.org/data/g02140.html


Temporal Coverage
Start Date: 1928-06-01
Stop Date: 1989-05-31


Location Keywords
CONTINENT > EUROPE > EASTERN EUROPE > RUSSIA
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > ARCTIC > ARCTIC BASIN
GEOGRAPHIC REGION > POLAR


Science Keywords
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE DEFORMATION    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES >LENGTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES >WIDTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >ICE ROUGHNESS >HUMMOCKS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >SEA ICE ELEVATION >HUMMOCKS    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SEA ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DENSITY    [Definition]
CRYOSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE DEFORMATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE DEPTH/THICKNESS    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES >LENGTH    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE FLOES >WIDTH    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >ICE ROUGHNESS >HUMMOCKS    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SEA ICE ELEVATION    [Definition]
OCEANS >SEA ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DENSITY    [Definition]
TERRESTRIAL HYDROSPHERE >SNOW/ICE >SNOW DEPTH    [Definition]


ISO Topic Category
CLIMATOLOGY/METEOROLOGY/ATMOSPHERE
OCEANS


Platform
Aircraft    [Information]
GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS    [Information]
MOORINGS    [Information]
OCEAN PLATFORMS    [Information]


Instrument
SNOW MEASURING ROD    [Information]


Quality
Each parameter was examined for extreme values by plotting all values and visually scanning for obvious outliers. These values were then investigated to determine the nature of the error. Extreme values were rare. The four outlying ice and snow parameters were replaced with the value for missing data. Some runway length, runway width, floe length, and floe width parameters have values of 9999 and -1. Values of -1 indicate missing data, but the meaning of 9999 values is unclear.


Keywords
Aircraft
Arctic Basin
Arctic Sea Ice
g02140
NOAA
North Pole
North Pole drifting station
Sever


Data Set Progress
COMPLETE


Originating Center
NSIDC


Data Center
National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at the National Snow and Ice Data Center    [Information]
Data Center URL: http://nsidc.org/noaa/

Data Center Personnel
Name: NSIDC NOAA USER SERVICES
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA



Distribution
Distribution_Media: FTP
Distribution_Size: 0.45 to 30 KB
Distribution_Format: ASCII Text


Personnel
ILYA P. ROMANOV
Role: INVESTIGATOR


NSIDC USER SERVICES
Role: TECHNICAL CONTACT
Phone: +1 (303) 492-6199
Fax: +1 (303) 492-2468
Email: nsidc at nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA


Publications/References
Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Joint U.S.-Russian Sea Ice Atlas. Edited by F. Tanis and V. Smolyanitsky. Ann Arbor, MI: Environmental Research Institute of Michigan in association with the National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic Meteorology and Climate Atlas. Edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. CD-ROM.

Borodachev, V.E. and V. I. Shilnikov. 2002. Istoriya Ledovoi Aviatsionnoi Razvedki v Arktike i na Zamerzayushchikh Moryakh Rossii (1914-1993) (The History of Aerial Ice Reconnaissance in the Arctic and Ice-covered Seas of Russia, 1914-1993). Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 441 pp. ISBN 5-286-01448-8.

Romanov, I.P. 1979. Sizes of Ice Fields. Trans. POLEX-Sever-76. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. pp. 11-115.

Romanov, I.P. 1993. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin. First edition. Self-published. St. Petersburg, Russia.

Romanov, I.P. 1995. Atlas of Ice and Snow of the Arctic Basin and Siberian Shelf Seas. Dr. Alfred Tunik, translator and editor. Second edition of atlas and monograph. Revised and expanded. ISBN 0-9644311-3-0. Backbone Publishing Company. Rukovodstvo po proizvodstvu ledovoy aviarazvedki (Handbook for conducting airborne ice reconnaissance). 1981. Gidrometeoizdat Publishing House, St. Petersburg, Russia. 240 pp.

Creation and Review Dates
DIF Creation Date: 2004-03-17
Last DIF Revision Date: 2013-07-29

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